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This ittm h filmtd at th* rtduction ritro diKkad tatlow/ 
Ce docufmnt est ftlm^ au taux de rMtictton tndtqui ct-dessovs 
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Th« copy «lm«d h«r« hM b««n raproducad thanks 
to tha ganaroaity of: 

National Library of Canada 

Tha imagaa appearing hara ara tha ba.t qualitv 
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Original copio* in printad papar eovara ara fllmad 
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Tha laat raeordad frama on aach mieroficha 
shall eonuin tha symbol -» ''"••.'""» .SX-.i' 
TINUED"). or tha symbol V Imaaning Eno i, 
whiehavar appliaa. 

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diffarani raduetion ratios. Thosa too larga to ba 
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00*^1 and top to bonom. as many framas as 
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msthed: 



L'axamplaira film* fut raproduit viett la 
g«n*roait* da: ^ -, 

Bibliothaiiua natlonaXa du 'Canada 



Laa Imagas suivantas ont *t* raproduitas avac la 
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pramWre paga qui comporta una amprainta 
d'Impraasien ou d'illustration at »n tarminant par 
la damitra paga qui comporta una talla 
amprainta. 

Un daa symbolaa suivanta apparaitra sur la 
darni*ra imaga da ehaqua mieroficha. salon la 
caa: la symbola .^» algnif la "A SUIVRE". la 
symbols ▼ signifia "FIN". 

Laa eartaa. planchaa. ubiaaux. aic. peuvent etra 
filmts t dee uus da raduetion diftarants. 
Lorsqua la document est trap grand pour Stia 
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at da haut an baa. an pranant la nombre 
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lllustrant la mtthoda. 



1 2 3 





MiaOCOFY (EaOUITION TEST CHAIIT 

(ANSI ond ISO TEST CHART No. 2) 




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1.6 



J /1PPLIED IN/MGE Inc 

ST 1653 Cost Main Street 

^S Rochester, Ne* York U609 USA 

Sg (716) *82 - 0300 - Phone 

S (716) Z8B- 5989 - Fo» 



THE UNIVERSAL 
SPELLING BOOK 



CANADIAN SCHOOLS 




^^ T Lg g 



Pretcrihed for use in the PiMIc Schools of Briti'h Coliimlila 



THE EDUCATIONAL BOOK CO., LIMITED 

TORONTO 



Pi /;4-^ 



[ ■ w 



Kr L-red ticuortliriK to Act of tho Piirllaniunt of CiiiiHdii, in tho ytai niiu 
lhoiis.tiid nine hundi-ed ami nine, by TilK Kulcational IhioK Co., Ijmitkd, 
Toronto, nt tho iJepartiiiciit ot AffrluiUturo. 



PKEFACE 



In the preparation of thi» iSpelling Book two aims 
have been Itept in view : - 

1st. To use only words that all children should lie 
trained to spell. 

2nd. To make the most complete collection iit such 
words to be founJ in any sfwUing Iwok. 

The special features of this Ijouk are: — 

1. Part I containH the words itiDst cdminonly uned in every- 
day life. These words hIiouM be learned tinit. 

2. I'art II aids the teacher in guiding the impils in making 
a few rules for H)>ellinf . 

3. Part III contains the list of troublesouie words in which 
similar sounds are spelled in different way.s. It is in)iK>rtaut to 
have these words in convenient form for fre<iuent reviews. 

4. Pakt IV contains a very complete list of words, that are 
commonly misspelled. The lessons in Part IV were mode from 
lists sent from all part« of the Dominion by practical teachers. 

R. ".'.RT V was compiled from the special spelling lists 
used 111 ..le leuding Commercial Colleges and Busine.ss Schools of 
Canada. Tlie vtlue of this full list f words will be recognized 
by all thoughtful teachers. It will ue specially useful in con- 
tinuation classes, in coni'nercial clas.ses, and in all other classes 
in which pupil ire being trained for business life. Parts IV 
and V will make good tests for sjielling matches. ■ 

6. Part VI contains a list of geographical words, ''he list 
includes the names of the leading cities and countries of the 
world, and especially of the cities and chief towns of Canada. 



IT 



PREFACE 



differently an.l h«vin« .littcrent nieani.,g». ' 

mo« ImW" .""'"'r '"""'""''-"» "f the „«,. „f Home of the 
more ililHcult «<ir(l» in I'lirts I, IV and V. 

9. PAItT IX U devoted to etymology and eontain, v«lnable 
^UKtmtve exercise, in word bnilding. More attention .l.ould 
be paid to tln« .in,K.rtant department of «;h.ml work. 
10. P.VRT .\ gives simple rules for punctuation. 

nJ"' ''"^ V """''''"'' ' ""' °' »"■•'''' -ommonly mi,, 
pronounced. Moi-e attention ,hould be ,«id t., the coLtion 
of eoinmon error, in pronunciation. Pronunciation matches 
form a very interesting and profitable exercise. 

12. Pakt XII contains a list of abbreviations. 

13. Part XIII should be the m.«t essential part of the book 
for a pupil when he leave, school. It is intended to contain Uit 
word, he really need, to learn to spell ; all the words he ha, 
miswd during his school course. 

14. Review, have been omitted, because Part XIII forms the 

^uliifottt ' "''"' *""' "" "^'^"'- "^-^ -'<■ ""-« ^y t'-e 

pupils of the cla*) in written work should be found in Part XIII 
not only those ,ni«.ed in the spelling lesson,, but in con„K>sitio„' 
The most important words for each child to learn to spell are the 
wordsof hi, own vocabulary. The teacher should have a das, 
ist compded, including the words missed by the whole class in 
their written work. This list should form the basis of frequent 
reviews. Some word, very often sj^lled incorrectly are used 
more than once in the lessons. 

18. In many spelling book, much space i, taken up with short 
sentences, including words which have been given in lists im- 
mediately preceding the sentences. Such list, should have no 
place m a spelling book for the following reasons :— 

(a) They waste space. 

(i) If they should be in a spelling book at all they should not 
come immediately after the lists of woHs included in them. 



PREPAC, 



(f) They violate one of the aimplest pedagogical principleK. 
Each pupil nhoiild make his own nciitenccn. Tlie meaiu: jit of 
the words should be clearly cxpliiincd when the ii|iclling IcuHons 
areRH»igne<l ; and when the wonlii are (jiven out to tw H|>elleil, 
the impils »liould write short siMitiMicea, cuch m'nti" • i> jnclndinK 
one of the words in the lesson, and each pupil nia.-iiij; his own 
•entences. 

A siiellinK book shoulil be a lauKUaKe Issik tw). It should 
include not only the words the pupil n ■ ■ uiiderstaiids and us<>s, 
but those he should use when he is ,i man. l-jnh new lesson 
should add to liis vwabulary, and he shoulil pri>ve his ability to 
use new «.)ri|s by using them in sentences ci>ni|«i>ed by himself. 
This is esiietially true in sjiellinK words prinu)Uiiccd in the same 
way but sju'lled in dilTerent ways. These words " ave been 
distributed, and will be found chiefly in I'art I. T' / are also 
collected in I'art VII. 



CONTENTS 



Part I. haoe 

Words in Common Use ^ 

Part II. 

Rules for Spelling 51 

Part III. 

Words in which Similar Sounda lira Spelled in 

Ditterent Ways 63 

Part IV. 

Words Connnonly Misspelled 71 

Part V. 

Words Used in Ci>innierce 100 

Part VI. 

Geographical Words 115 

Part VII. 

Words of Simitar Sound 124 

Part VIII. 

Illustrative Reviews 129 

Part IX. 

Etymology 1 SS 

Part X. 

Punctuation 184 

Part XI. 

Common Words Often Mispronounced 193 

Part XII. 

Abbreviations, French Words and Phrases 199 

Part XIIT. 

Pupils' Mistakes 204 



PART I 



Note I. — Explain the meauings of new words when assigning 
each lesson. 

NoTK 2.— Pupils should write short simple sentences including 
new words as they are given out by the teacher. 

The lessons in Part I contain words in common use. 
They are the words that must be written most frequently 
in everyday life. They form the foundation of a child's 
knowledge of spelling. 

The words in each lesson should be made the basis of 
a language lesson before they are prepared as a spelling 
lesson. The meanings of the words should be known 
by the 'hildren before they are spelled. 

It is a good plan to have the pupils write short 
sentences containing the words. Each pupil should make 
his own sentences. This should always be done in the 
cases in which words pronounced alike have different 
meanings. These words are inserted in the lessons of 
Part I, so that they may be learned gradually, instead 
of placing them all together in a. special section of the 
spelling book. 

Some spelling books have short sentences for dicta- 
tion. However, the correct method is to dictate the 
words and have the pupils use them in sentences of 
their own composition. This method proves whether 
the words are understood or not. 

Words are repeated occasionally. 
9 



10 



THE UNIVEBSAL SPEIXING BOOK 



house 

door 

porch 

floor 

vase 



1. 

chair 

grate 

screen 

frame 

table 



lounge 

sofa 

spoon 

howl 

knife 



tray 
plate 

stove 
range 
tongs 



2. 

brush 

broom 

pail 

soap 

jug 



axe 

sieve 

chest 

flask 

fruit 



herbs 

trunk 

lamp 

quilt 

sheets 



3. 

saw 

spike 
trough 
spout 
sleigh 



sledge 

wedge 

chain 

straw 

grain 



scythe 

aunt 

niece 

papa 

uncle 



sister 

parent 

father 

mother 

brother 



girl 

woman 

friend 

child 

nui-se 



Part i 



11 








5. 




youth 
dream 
much 


each 
busy 
own 


almost 

sweet 

join 


urge 


touch 


said 


sure 


many 


while 




8. 


• 


bound 

which 

witch 

whose 

ease 


clean 

only 

catch 

reach 

twice 


again 

able 

why 

young 

ounce 


value 

inch 

money 

barrel 

change 


7. 

quart 
dollar 
gallon 
cheap 
bushel 


owe 

bargain 

brought 

wharf 

fail 


eye 

queer 

taste 

please 

should 


8. 

alone 
extra 
sorry 
know 
every 


tight 

swing 

meal 

little 

rough 



12 



THE DNIVEB8AL 8PELLIN0 BOOK 



year 

once 

season 

could 

month 



9. 

these 

water 

loaf 

dinner 

napkin 



supper 

leek 

potato 

saucer 

coft'ee 



sauce 
sugar 
stew 
cream 



10. 

soup 

pie 

jelly 

cheese 

china 



toast 

tea 

mutton 

letter 

across 



veal 

pork 

loin 

chop 

bird 



11. 

meat 
meet 
lamb 
steak 
flesh 



vase 

chimney 

butter 

fowl 

foul 



nee 
com 
peas 
fruit 
wheat 



12. 

beans 

peach 

squash 

rye 

oats 



cress 

prunes 

grapes 

pear 

pair 



PAST I 



13 








18. 




meal 


seed 


frock 


flour 


barley 


shawl 


cushion 


dough 


blouse 


k"ob 


scarf 


coat 


broth 


skirt 


gown 


milk 


cioak 
14. 


shirt 


gloves 


lace 


yarn 


tights 


plaid 


braid 


sleeves 


print 


crape 


shoes 


plush 


cloth 


thread 


bpize 


veil 


gauze 


jean 
15. 


vale 


tweed 


chin 


beard 


chintz 


head 


skull 


serge 


brow 


mouth 


lawn 


tooth 


voice 


fringe 


brain 


hair 


silk 


scalp 
16. 


hare 


tongue 


elbow 


glory 


throat 


flank 


blood 


skin 


nerve 


calf 


stomach 


lungs 


limb 


breast 


heart 


pore 


groin 


hart 


pour 



14 



THE UNIVEBSAL 8PELUNO BOOK 





17. 




palm 


thigh 


gorge 


knee 


wrist 


quencl 


joint 


thumb 


whip 


pulse 


thirst ' 


purse 


vein 


waist 


sole 


vane 


waste 
18. 


soul 


comb 


ice 


street 


brush 


frost 


chalk 


brooch 


chart 


slate 


coacli 


clock 


parse 


chaise 


hail 


road 


snow 


hale 
19. 


rode 


solve 


frank 


cruel 


think 


bra 76 


noble 


learij 


proud 


polite 


right 


lazy 


loving 


write 


sulky 


buy 


rite 


stingy 
20. 


by 


shy 


sober 


quart 


manly 


inch 


grain 


busy 


pence 


straight 


jolly 


gill 


cent 


weak 


ton 


sent 


week 


tun 


scent 





PAST I 






21. 




dry 


verse 


quill 


troy 


speech 


colt 


sign 


rhulxirb 


hound 


brace 


psalm 


wolf 


hymn 


choir 


bear 


him 


quire 
22. 


bare 


i/nx 


stork 


wasp 


lion 


crow 


gnat 


moose 


hawk 


niotii 


wren 


thrush 


midge 


sell 


wait 


fair 


cell 


weight 
23. 


fare 


moist 


chess 


wrench 


warm 


bench 


gable 


skates 


square 


lathe 


quoits 


punch 


forge 


bough 


awl 


plane 


bow 


all 
24. 


plain 


salt 


yarn 


screw 


shoes 


starch 


strap 


glue 


tire 


girth 


cloth 


wheel 


trace 


vise 


rein 


deer 


vice 


rain 


dear 



15 



16 



THE UNIVEB8AL BPELLINO BOOK 





25. 




• face 


trudge 


elm 


stroll 


train 


larch 


cruise 


tour 


bii-ch 


jaunt 


fieiglit 


spruce 


roam 


mail 


Iwech 


Rome 


male 
26. 


beach 


touch 


love 


laugh 


ta^te 


pray 


sweep 


walk 


yiuvn 


dame 


talk 


think 


sew 


hear 


work 


sow 


here ' 


draw 
27. 


so 


cough 


monk 


nurse 


sneeze 


priest 


clerk 


breathe 


guide 


judge 


waltz 


quack 


chief 


groan 


moan 


queen 


grown 


mown 
28. 


prince 


ditch 


brown 


fence 


trench 


house 


soil 


moat 


ridge 


earth 


sluice 


hedge 


peas 


blue 


creek 


practise 


blew 


creak 


practice 



PART I 



17 





20. 




chaff 


whey 


wool 


straw 


fruit 


swine 


sheaf 


peach 


steer 


yew 


maize 


wheat 


ewe 


beet 


herd 


you 


beat 
80. 


heard 


iiuiple 


news 


quills 


herbs 


birtha 


sponge 


fleoee 


deaths 


zinc 


quince 


ream 


iron 


thyme 


tales 


lead 


time 


tails 
31. 


led 


croup 


priest 


frith 


gout 


Christ 


key 


fever 


judge 


scale 


ague 


coast 


voice 


steel 


son 


quarts 


steal 


sun 
82. 


quartz 


fife 


ocean 


aim 


flute 


canal 


level 


violin 


rhythm 


toil 


banjo 


bugle 


obey 


pain 


sea 


bald 


pane 


see 


b"" "led 



18 

earl 

czar 

honio 

noun 

conl 

chord 

knock 

fight 

sour 

perch 

knight 

niglit 

any 

least 

such 

neight 

weigh 

way 

lawn 

path 

stream 

road 

bartl 

baned 



THE tlNIVElWAL (tl'ELLINO HOOK 

88. 

phraiiu 

force 

(lenNo 

tough 

aunt 

ant 

34. 
Uiught 
eager 
enough 
caught 
throne 
thrown 

35. 

breadth 

reap 

notice 

choice 

heal 

heel 

36. 

ditch 
shoal 
coast 
brain 
wood 
would 



touch 

lazy 

scour 

easy 

Ims8 

luise 

whom 

tiretl 

fuel 

teach 

clause 

claws 

search 

edge 

s(]uall 

cloud 

die 

dye 

head 

body 

limb 

waist 

bell 

belle 



PABT I 



19 





87. 




ankle 


mouth 


nerve 


thiKh 


tiaimb 


knuckle 


thn>Ht 


knee 


ripple 


tongue 


joint 


stomach 


beer 


raise 


not 


bier 


rays 
88. 


knot 


beard 


sinew 


kneel 


skull 
muscle 


leave 
bait 


heavy 
been 


truly 


evil 


hurrj- 


m.di 


bruise 


toe 


missed 


brews 
89. 


tow 


where 


hungry 


shriek 


linnest 


smooth 


noise 


auger 


model 


sneeze 


afraid 


early 


squeal 


feet 


bred 


berry 


feat 


bread 
40. 


bury 


nimble 


fasten 


beam 


quick 


scale 


bony 


bright 


sense 


fault 


either 
knows 


float 
Ude 


group 
sail 


nose 


tied 


sale 



20 



THE UNIVERSAL SPELLING BOOK 



ready 

mower 

chisel 

wedge 

seam 

seem 

wire 

sho\. 

hoe 

sickle 

chews 

choose 

sieve 

scythe 

until 

frolic 

ball 

bawl 

busy 

busily 

half 

fought 

be 



41. 

staple 

gimlet 

screw 

hinge 

team 

teem 

42. 

scissors 

pincers 

tweezers 

bowl 

eight 

ate 

43. 

shady 

pledge 

stain 

died 

canon 

cannon 

44. 

cruel 

grief 

weave 

fierce 

hall 

haul 



pulley 

knob 

rivet 

gouge 

piece 

peace 

faucet 

ladle 

tureen 

knife 

wear 

ware 

drown 

trouble 

union 

light 

fellow 

felloe 

thought 

enemy 

coming 

pleasant 

sum 

some 



image 

pierce 

ably 

faith 

pail 

pale 

frown 

voice 

defeat 

freeze 

ode 

owed 

death 

loose 

lose 

feather 

made 

maid 

lounge 

cushion 

couch 

quilt 

done 

dun 



PABT I 

45. 

limit 

youth 

ruin 

sweep 

hire 

higher 

46. 
guard 
moist 
dumb 
deaf 
current 
cuiTant 

47. 
gotten 
earn 
floor 
eaves 
forth 
foui'th 

48. 
niirror 
window 
panel 
hearth 
owe 
oh 



21 



magic 

growth 

tread 

fright 

him 

hymn 

mean 
daily 
lu'ief 
lodge 
grate 
great 

furnace 
shingle 
oven 
bureau 

stake 
steak 

towel 

vase 

mattress 

pillow 

seen 

scene 



22 

parish 

sponge 

badge 

purse 

stair 

stare 

though 

tidy 

scanty 

oceui- 

peal 

peel 

welcome 

nieant 

circle 

roughly 

pause 

paws 

view 

bubble 

setting 

ache 

fore 

four 



THE tINIVEBKAL SPELLING 

49. 

valise 

rather 

speedy 

triple 

cellar 

seller 

50. 

affair 

nothing 

stretch 

claim 

dost 

dust 

51. 
handle 
wholly 
chance 
mildew 
know 



52. 

notion 

<iuarrel 

beware 

contain 

fourth 

forth 



BOOK 

double 

twelve 

joke 

wealth 

tax 

tacks 

serve 

against 

wainith 

habit 

gait 

gate 

freight 

saddle 

mercy 

vain 

vein 

vane 

sigh 

extinct 

eleven 

rosy 

hei'e 

hear 



I'ABT I 



23 



errand 

{^uess 

pebble 

rinse 

Hue 

Hew 

stopper 

yeast 

flaky 

squeeze 

coarse 

course 

merrily 

puzzle 

luckily 

buckle 

bad 

bade 

belinf 

scratch 

saleal)lo 

perhaps 

threw 

through 



53. 

dryly 

soui-ce 

built 

office 

hour 

our 

54. 
Ijeneath 
mellow 
debt 
shove 
biith 
berth 

S6. 

rouse 

juice 

raid 

guide 

grease 

(rreece 

56. 

engine 

l)rittl(^ 

rustle 

coax 

ring 

wring 



making 

sought 

naughty 

saucy 

meat 

meet 



gallop 

league 

frail 

ninth 

gilt 

guilt 

rejoice 

wronsr 

nibble 

January 

board 

bored 

dread 

dizzy 

reel 

squirm. 

cause 

caws 



24 



THE UNIVEB8AL SPELLING BOOK 



February 

because 

scorch 

o'er 

oar 

ore 

March 

repair 

circuit 

grieve 

ail 

ale 

April 

•loubly 

alms 

hoist 

lane 

lain 

May 

excel 

writing 

thither 

holy 

wholly 



67. 

fried 

freckle 

welfare 

gleam 

need 

knoad 

58. 

sorrowful 

address 

receive 

beheve 

rap 

wrap 

59. 

memory 

shrewd 

mouthful 

during 

flew 

flue 

• 60. 

daring 

usage 

aware 

equal 

loan 

lone 



tickle 

reason 

zeal 

question 

aloud 

allowed 

destroy 

destiny 

tuning 

yesterda} 

fiiint 

feint 

measure 

graze 

struggle 

drier 

bieak 

biake 

label 

slain 

fleece 

bleak 

due 

dew 



PART 1 



26 





81. 


June 


heavily 


message 


listen 


glance 


right 


annoy 


Wright 


sti light 


lax 


strait 


lacks 




62. 


July 


advise 


beautiful 


haughty 


refer 


couple 


advice 


oblige 


sore 


bridal 


soar 


bridle 




63. 


August 


movable 


nation 


steadily 


firing 


mention 


lazily 


misery 


lock 


alter 


loch 


altar 




64, 


September 


annual 


mortar 


plagne 


twelfth 


wreath 


wrinkle 


deceit 


seize 


climb 


seas 


ci; 



deserve 

hungrily 

fourteen 

yield 

wi-ote 

rote 

total 

mourn 

grain 

air 

heir 

e'er 

earnest 

wretch 

method 

separate 

rye 

wry 

pounce 

type 

nobody 

speckled 

metal 

mettle 



26 



THK UNIVKRSAL SPELLING BOOK 



J 





65. 




October 


famous 


studied 


package 


paring 


foamy 


bundle 


rescue 


agile 


parcel 


bran 


smoking 


lurch 


bristle 


fiery 


lienefit 


awe 


ivory 


aught 


gored 


lesson 


ought 


gourd 
66. 


lessen 


November 


relief 


burial 


Hauling 


lightning 


weapon 


retain 


purchase 


sword 


delicate 


glimpse 


sheath 


surface 


fashion 


shoddy 


squad 


refuge 


senseless 


yew 


fir 


bough 


you 


fur 
67. 


bow 


Tieceniber 


missile 


parade 


rifle 


bugle 


ensign 


nuisket 


soldier 


courage 


carbine 


warrior 


severe 


cartridge 


muzzle 


certaui 


coupon 


sincere 


delight 


capitol 


ceiling 


mite 


capitiU 


sealing 


might 



PART I 



27 





68. 


Monday 


diary 


readily 


bluish 


patient 


besiege 


nonsense 


fatally 


pouch 


pacify 


expel 


staple 


crews 


bail 


cruise 


bah^ 




69. 


Tuesday 


convey 


wrench 


dairy 


hostile 


drowsy 


trougii 


descril)e 


wroui^ht 


special 


heavy 


sheaves 


bore 


doe 


boar 


dough 




70. 


Wednesday 


noisy 


usually 


sparkle 


strength 


visitor 


knack 


people 


moreover 


trifling 


endow 


pare 


mantel 


pear 


• mantle 


pair 



(bsign 
s.ocer'" 

.i»ipy 

series 

totally 

endure 

fawn 

faun 

column 

valuable 

slaughter 

divide 

attach 

threshing 

guest 

guessed 

avail 

treasure 

fiicing 

odious 

trifle 

delight 

plum 

plumb 



28 



TBI; 



Thursday 
vacation 
educate 
science 

examination 
initJHile 
pier 
peer 



Friday 

mansion 

palace 

cottage 

dwelling 

marriage 

boy 

buoy 



Saturday 
nursery 
cornice 
cupola 

piano 

meagre 

more 

mower 



CNIVERSAI, SPELLING 

71. 

histoiy 

crayon 

chalk 

satchel 

erase 

nmscle 

flower 

flour 

72. 

tenem..it 

castle 

stable 

library 

cupboard 

malice 

praise 

prays 

73. 

hickory 

chestnut 

hazel 

foliage 

laurel 

maintain 

mode 

mowed 



BOOK 



roview 

city 

village 

avenue 

ally 

morsel 

lie 

lye 



portico 

piazza 

veranda 

balcony 

gallery 

middle 

meddle 

medal 



manne 

yacht 

launch 

canoe 

captain 

mortgage 

none 

nun 



anchor 

sailor 

beacon 

navy 

saucily 

hurried 

one 

won 



equip 

furious 

pony 

heifei- 

spaniel 

moisten 

please 

pleas 



apparel 

gingham 

linen 

muslin 

hose 

hoes 

neuter 

nonsense 



FABT I 

74. 

guard 

endear 

release 

aching 

ancient 

model 

prize 

pries 

76. 

retriever 

elephant 

leopard 

lynx 

partridge 

mighty 

profit 

prophet 

76. 

merino 

alpaca 

cambric 

apron 

gaiters 

sleeve 

nickel 

nigh 



39 



anti<]ue 

salve 

amusing 

exhibit 

resign 

medicine 

preys 

prays 



canary 

ostrich 

oriole 

pigeon 

poultry 

money 

rough 

ruff 



ribbon 

edging 

tassel 

serge 

plaid 

mirth 

naught 

nought 



30 



THE UNIVEH8AI, SPELUNO BOOK 





77. 


paraMol 


sausage 


umbrella 


porridge 


breakfast 


omelet w 


luncheon 


gruel 


beefsteak 


waffles 


o'clock 


ordeal 


ostrich 


oriole 


ominous 


oiphtin 




78. 


doubtful 


eon(|uer 


prepare 


forcible 


commence 


Christmas 


prevail 


answer 


weather 


cautious 


wether 


comjx!! 


once 


ordain 


omit 


ocean 




79. 


voyage 


station 


tourist 


conductor 


railroad 


cable 


junction 


trestle 


whistle 


onion 


palace 


precede 


puzzle 


proceed 


plague 


perceive 



honey 

salmon 

pursuit 

to!nb 

stencil 

opera 

obscene 

oyster 



cleanse 

worthily 

apiece 

adjoin 

journey 

officer 

oblique 

penny 

lettuce 

cabbage 

radish 

celery 

lilac 

believe 

grieve 

deceive 





PAKT I 


3 




80. 




iNiiiHna 


thistle 


friar 


iliiiHy 


herl)age 


imagine 


laveiKler 


autunni 


gaudy 


(landeliun 


Held 


squalid 


ivy - 


cxpenHC 


icy 


pui'Huit 


preei.se 


pHvilege 


slight 


sailer 


style 


sieiyht 


isfiilor 
81. 


stile 


(ieliglitful 


colony 


echo 


CHiition 


exhaust 


fragile 


loiter 


familiar 


grannnur 


.senioi' 


scenery 


tense 


junior 


piteous 


voice 


plaid 


placid 


passion 


throws 


there 


told 


throes 


their 
82. 


tolled 


adjective 


multiplier 


phrase 


masculine 


article 


<luotient 


feminine 


preface 


addition 


neuter 


arithmetic 


division 


modify 


subtraction 


cutlet 


porpoise 


T)iety 


purify 


vial 


grater 


wears 


viol 


greater 


wares 



32 



THE ITNIVBB8AL HPELLIKO BOOK 







88. 




desk 


tureen 


mattress 


settee 


towel 


lever 


minor 


oven 


cmdle 


eiishirm 


pickles 


sickle 


mat 


victuals 


saddle 


n 


{Hniltice 


pronounce 


parasol 


1 


weather 


yoke 


wave 




wether 


yolk 
84. 


waive 


j j granary 


family 


relative 


ij 


nephew 


butler 


Itachelor 




• laughter 


lady 


governess 


t 


; woman 


maiden 


allspice 


( 
1 


women 
.<aradise 


visitor 
presence 


asparagat, 
pretext 


I 


bait 


calendar 


counsel 




bate 


calender 
88. 


council 


gravy 
■ It 


gruel 


apron 




jeiiy 


vinegar 


mantle 




cocoa 


collar 


corset 




coffee 


necktie 


surplice 




sandwich 


Iwdiee 


It 

wrapper 


poem 


pistol 


portrait 


core 


session 


cousin 




corps 


cession 


cozen 



PABT I 



33 



se. 



waiHtcoat 


moccasins 


pupil 


gaiters 


bt'avcr 


■ (uuple 


leggings 


gimp 


whiskui's 


gauntlets 


gingham 


bitsast 


trousers 


piteous 


bosom 


pitieiit 


fain 


ps^Uni 


eowaril 


fane 


guest 


cowered 


feign 
87. 


guessed 


tendon 


ankle 


satchel 


sinew 


eager 


buckle 


muscle 


health)- 


parasol 


stoniacli 


ravenous 


carriage 


firti'ry 


valise 


chariot 


porous 


persuade 


pleasant 


gamble 


indite 


mean 


gambol 


indict 

• 

88. 


mien 


onmibus 


alley 


monitor 


model 


avenue 


recite 


college 


tunnel 


reckon 


medical 


pencil 


examine 


classical 


crayon 


analyze 


police 


prairie 


poison 


main 


martial 


nice 


Maine 


marshal 


gneiss 



34 



THE UNIVEESAL SPELLING BOOK 



honest 

joyous 

studious 

obedient 

vicious 

peasant 

plate 

plait 



acre 

second 

eighth 

guinea 

dollar 

pitcher 

principal 

principle 

stanza 

couplet 

notice 

placard 

essay 

peculiar 

symbols 

cymbals 



89. 

deceitful 

cowardly 

quarrel 

noisy 

patient 

pressure 

pallet 

palette 

90. 

foreign 

liquid 

digit 

cipher 

colon 

phrase 

rays 

raze 

91. 

review 

journal 

oration 

knife 

eraser 

priests 

travel 

travail 



uncivil 

gentle 

clumsy 

haughty 

anxious 

process 

peak 

pique 



comma 

hyphen 

ellipsis 

period 

poetry 

pewter 

pepper 

sucker 



nmcilage 

envelope 

folio 

spaniel 

pretty 

to 

too 

two 





PABT I 


35 




92. 




terrier 


cuckr ') 


Ijeetle 


weasel 


eagle 


tortoise 


raccoon 


oriole 


mosquito 


leopard 


swallow 


misty 


hyena 


lizard 


genial 


potatoes 


quiet 


([uoits 


marten 


draft 


miner 


martin 


draught 
93. 


minor 


billiarfls 


pliers 


varnish 


croquet 


compass 


buckle 


capsule 


whetstone 


pivot 


bevel 


candles 


rivet 


auger 


feathers 


weight 


quarrel 


queen 


quotient 


barren 


gil.l 


flea 


baron 


guild 
94. 


flee 


jewel 


conductor 


cruising 


pendulum 


parcel 


telegraph 


balance 


newspaper 


bundle 


journey 


pamphlet 


cedar 


voyage 


magazine 


rogue 


razor 


receipt 


idol 


dying 
dyeing 


kill 
kiln 


idle 
idvl 



THE UNIVEKSAL SPELLING BOOK 



hazel 

maple 

chestnut 

willow 

hickory 

realm 

pride 

pried 



jomer 

saddler 

mason 

milliner 

recruit 

sight 

site 

cite 



doctor 

surgeon 

editor 

sculptor 

engraver 

rejoice 

slay 

sleigh 



96. 

scribble 

<leacon 

pastor 

sexton 

gynmast 

rebel 

leaf 

lief 

96. 

plumber 
hostler 
barber 
butcher 
review 
cashier 
key 
- quay 

97. 
musician 
engineer ' 
surveyor 
physician 
bailiff 
recollect 
mean 
mien 



senator 

citizen 

ortieer 

laborer 

tailor 

russet 

ascent 

assent 



reporter 

janitor 

gardener 

author 

ridge 

lawyer 

fate 

fete 



justice 

constable 

auditor 

sheriff 

mayor 

I'ipple 

ode 

owed 





PART I 


j 
37 




98. 




assessor 


premier 


crimson 


policeman 


general 


orange 




inspector 


canal 


indigo 




princess 


sewer 


scarlet 




monarch 


culvert 


purple 




rogue 


reckon 


Hake 




seed 


ark 


isle 




cede 


arc 
99. 


aisle 




salmon 


orchard 


apples 




acres 


meadow 


garlic 




fertile 


I>arley 


turnips 




sterile 


clover 


spinach 




mower 


stn'.I le 


to'nato 




sieve 


SII'- ''. 


skeleton 


deign 


Bri „. 


sokl 


Dane 


Britain 
100. 


soled 


sausage 


timothy 


columns 


poultry 


apricot 


eyelets 


turkeys 


cucumber 


mucilage 


manure 


cherries 


carrion 


lettuce 


pamphlet 


foreign 


rescind 


rescue 


refer 


recede 


rascal 


regatta 




religion 


rough 


receive 



38 



THE UNIVEB8AL SPELLINC, BOOK 



:i ! 



nickel 

cobalt 

agate 

granite 

mercury 

monarch 

machinist 

heifer 



crater 

valley 

plateau 

isthmus 

prairie 

governor 

defeat 

conceit 



bugle 

cornet 

custard 

guitar 

banjo 

violin 

decease 

fleece 



101. 

catarrh 

measles 

headache 

nausea 

cholera 

commerce 

spear 

sneer 

102. 

mountain 

oasis 

volcano 

continent 

peninsula 

royalty 

concrete 

discreet 

103. 

brilliant 

opal 

agate 

ruby 

diamond 

onyx 

geese 

valise 



English 

Irish 

Scotch 

Welsh 

Canadian 

nation 

severe 

frontier 



island 

ocean 

channel 

tenor 

soprano 

sciatica 

receipt 

deceit 



relic 

epoch 

tyrant 

ancient 

sacreil 

people 

caprice 

niece 



PART 1 





104. 




patiiot 


ductile 


revolve 


scoria 


brittle 


condense 


adjunct 


rarity 


cohere 


sentence 


rarefy 


friction 


element , 


gravity 


. repel 


dense 


motion 


ascend 


skein 


separate 


swindle 


senior 


scuttle 
105. 


shovel 


music 


campaign 


called 


botany 


deign 


scald 


hygiene 


cause 


mauled 


language 


squaws 


sprawled 


writing 


gnaws 


crawled 


skewer 


gauze 


drawled 


specimen 


adjective 


stirrup 


syllable 


preposition 
106. 


stipple 


fraud 


weigh 


unique 


l)road 


survey 


antique 


sawed 


wreak 


convene 


gnawed 


shriek 


routine 


betray 


pique 


serene 


obey 


creek 


obscene 


achieve 


thief 


neither 


receive 


siege 


conceit 



40 

tlirone 

known 

inoan 

flown 

drone 

loan 

clue 

few 

liable 

b'aniable 

legible 

possible 

taxable 

edible 

capable 

sensible 

basin 

oven 

pickles 

victuals 

mattress 
sickle 
saddle 
granary 



THE UNIVEBSAL SPELUNO 

107, 

neuter 

adieu 

,i"icy 

nuisance 

review 

lieu 

legacy 

t'psy 

108. 

suitable 

flexible 

curable 

sulphide 

stupefy 

verify 

deify 

liquefy 

109. 

nephew 

sister 

uncle 

valet 

bachelor 
governess 
honey 
oyster 



BOOK 



oreezy 

piteous 

envious 

♦luteous 

sei'ious 

hi<leou.s 

curious 

studious 

ladle 

lancet 

veranda 

library 

piazza 

balcony 

chintz 

piano 



sirloin 

sausage 

sardine 

salmon 

celery 

lettuce 

onion 

marrow 



spinach 

tomato 

asparajfiis 

biscuit 

porridge 

gravy 

bodice 

apron 



eager 

ravenous 

voracious 

gluttonous 

valise 

buckle 

parasol 

umbrella 



impolite 

patient 

haughty 

foreign 

apothecarj' 

minuenfl 

addition 

percentage 



PART 1 

110. 

surplice 

trousers 

w rapper 

gaiters 

gauntlets 

nioccasius 

cambric 

alpaca 

111. 

handkerchief 

chariot 

phaeton 

avenue 

academy 

satchel 

mcmitor 

apparatus 

112. 

vicious 

uncivil 

anxious 

liquid 

decimal 

subtrahend 

subtraction 

denominator 



41 



calico 

ginger 

guilty 

nnissel 

sinew 

stomacli 

ankle 

knuckle 



dictionary 

analyze 

honesty 

studious 

generous 

courageous 

obedient 

industrious 



cowardly 

ingenious 

frivolous 

avoirdupois 

quantity 

ilivisor 

insurance 

numerator 



42 



THE tNIVEBSAL 8PELUNO 



BOOK 





cipher 




hyphen 




asterisk 




placard 




pencil 


I 


mucilage 


\: 


leopai-(l 




elephant 

1 


1 


Spring 




•^iiinnier 


jir i 


Autumn 


IjI 


Winter 


H 


•T^anuary 


1 


February 


1 


March 


\ 


Ap-il 



parrot 

eagle 

tortoise 

pleasant 

croquet 

cutlass 

pulley 

candles 



ns. 

quotient 
period 

parenthesis 

review 

diary 

envelope 

hyena 

squirrel 

114. 
May 
June 
July 
August 
September 
October 
November 
J^ecember 

115. 

canary 

beetle 

lizard 

balmy 

billiards 

auburn 

ferrule 

feathers 



ratio 

ellipsis 

couplet 

oration 

erasei- 

monkey 

reindeer 

raccoon 

Sunday 

Sabbath 

Monday 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday ' 

Friday 

Saturday 

oriole 

lizard 

butterfly 

genial 

lacrosse 

pinnace 

weasel 

varnish 



PART I 



43 





116. 




pivot 


rivet 


pendulum 


jourtiey 


ci'uise 


voyage 


cedar 


depot 


parcel 


pamphlet 


maj'azine 


telegraph 


conductor 


chestnut 


whistle 


gymnastics 


senator 


citizen 


apprentice 


operator 


politician 


lobster 


financier 
117. 


tailor 


moulder 


carpenter 


minister 


))ookseller 


sjiilor 


hack man 


gilder 


painter 


teacher 


gasfitter 


printer 


stationery 


photographer 


student 


stationary 


librarian 


engineer 


surgeon 


bricklayer 


suitor 


steward 


seamstress 


justice 
118. 


countess 


servant 


alderman 


magistrate 


purser 


confectioner 


major 


porter 


adjutant 


corporal 


colonel 


sovereign 


president 


duchess 


emperor 


sergeant 


admiral 


bishop 


prelate 


carmine 


indigo 


vermilion 


lavender 


violet 


lilac 



44 



"" ^"'VEHS.. srELtmo BOOK 



siphon 

•Ittiry 

< I in ry 

alluvial 

citrons 
f*'in.sage 
"lushrooni 
emser 



njuci/age 
inif'ii 

"gate 

mercury 

measles 

potash 

"ledieiiie 

^s'juiinaux 



crater 

piairie 

volcano 

island 

channel 

soprano 

contralto 

tambourine 



ng. 

a<iue(lact 
sickle 

cultivator 

clover 

carrots 

celery 

foreign 

alnianac 

120. 

category 

nickel 

g.Mtum 

plumbago 

I'eadache 

cholera 

Asiatic 

^^orwegian 

121. 

isthnnis 
li'onntwin 
continent 
ocean 

promontory 
bugle 

guitar 
agate 



gypsum 
meadow 

"gricniture 

uieloMs 

J"'Pperminf 

finiothy 

cayons 

pamphlet 

C'velopes 

cobalt 

gmnite 

catarrh 

chilblains 

uausea 

Kuioj)ean 
EngJisli 

plateau 
oasis 

Pcnins.jla 

canal 

estuary 

cornet 

violin 

onyx 



sapphire 

epoch 

inoniinieiit 

pfitriaich 

piitiiot 

aimicliy 

pa rlia incut 

iel»elli(in 



condense 

cohere 

K'"annnar 

aritlinietic 

economy 

flecinial 

anecdote 

reduction 



Aaron 

Abel 

Abraham 

Adam 

Adolphus 

Albert 

Alexander 

Alfred 



PABT I 

isa. 

emendd 

ancient 

majesty 

ministry 

viceroy 

populace 

jfovernment 

rarity 

123. 

velocity 

div(!rge 

chennstry 

botany 

physiology 

motion 

centuries 

difference 

124. 
Alonzo 
Alvin 
Ambrose 
Amos 
Andrew 
Anthony 
Archibald 
Arnold 



45 



amethyst 

monarcii 

autocrat 

governor 

tyranny 

dynasty 

authentic 

rarefy 



tenacity 

ascend 

geography 

hygiene 

geometiy 

narrative 

cohesion 

avalanche 



Arthur 

Asa 

Augustus 

Basil 

Benedict 

Benjamin 

Bernard 

Bertram 



46 

Caleb 

Calvin 

Cecil 

Cephas 

CliarleH 

( 'liristopjiei 

Clarence 

Claude 



Elijah 

Enoch 

Ephraini 

Erastus 

Ernest 

Eugene 

Eustace 

Ezekiel 



Herman 

Hezekiah 

H ram 

Horace 

Horatio 

Hubert 

Hugh 

Humphrey 



THE UNIVEBSAl MPELUNO BOOK 



IM. 

Clement 

Cornelius 

Cyril 

Cyrus 

Daniel 

David 

Donald 

Duncan 

126. 
Ezra 
Felix 

Fenlinand 
Francis 
Franklin 
Frederic 
George 
tiideon 

127. 

Hugo 

Ira 

Isaac 

•TnW'x 

Jacob 

'lames 

•laspt.p 

Jerome 



Ebenezer 
Edgar 
Edmund 
Ell ward 

Edwin 

Egljert 

Eli 

Elias 



Gilbert 
G(Klfrey 
Gregory 
Guatavus 

Guy 

Harold 

Henry 

Herbert 



Jesse 

Job 

John 

Jonas 

Jonathan 

Joseph 

Joshua 

Josiah 



PART I 



47 





128. 




JuliuM 


Lionel 


Maurice 


Justin 


Lorenzo 


Martin 


Lamliert 


Lucius 


Michael 


Lrfiwience 


Luke 


Miles 


Lemuel 


Luther 


Morgan 


Leonaid 


Mark 


Moses 


Levi 


Marniaduke 


Nathan 


Lewis 


Matthew 
129. 


Nathaniel 


Nicholas 


Philip 


Roland 


Noiiuan 


Kiilph 


Kufus 


Oliver 


Reginald 


Ru{)ert 


Orlando 


Reuhen 


Samson 


Oscar 


Richard 


Saimiel 


Patrick 


Robert 


Saul 


Paul 


Roileric 


Seth 


Peter 


Roger 
ISO. 


Silas 


Simeon 


Vincent 


Agatha 


Simon 


Walter 


^Vgnes 


Solomon 


Zachariah 


All)erta 


Stephen 


Abigail 


Alexandra 


Sydney 


Ada 


Alice 


Theodore 


Adeline 


Ahnira 


Thomas 


Adela 


Amanda 


Timothy 


Adelia 


Amelia 



48 



Amy 

Amabel 

Angelina 

Ann 

Anna 

Annie 

Arabella 

Augusta 

C'onstance 

(Jora 

Cordelia 

Cornelia 

C-ynthia 

Delia 

Dora 

Dorcas 



Eva 

Evangeline 

Eveline 

Faith 

Fannie 

Flora 

Frances 

Greraldine 



THE UNIVEHSAL SPELLING 

131. 

Barbara 

Beatrice 

lielinfla 

Bertha 

Betsey 

Blanche 

Bridget 

Caroline 

132. 

Dorothy 

Edith 

Eleanor 

Elinor 

Eliza 

Elizabeth 

Ella 

Ellen 



133. 

Gertrude 

Grace 

Hannah 

Harriet 

Helen 

Henrietta 

Hester 

Ida 



BOOK 



Catharine 

Celia 

Charlotte 

Christina 

("icely 

Clara 

Clarissa 

Clementina 



Elvira 
Emma 
Emily 

Emmeline 

Estlier 

Eugenie 

Eunice 

Euphemia 



Inez 

Irene 

Isabella 

Jane 

Janet 

Josephine 

Julia 

Laura 



PART I 



49 



134. 



Lavinia 


Lucy 


Martha 


Leonora 


Lyilia 


Matilda 


Letitia 


Mabel 


Maud 


Lilian 


Madeline 


Melissa 


Lilly 
Louisa 


Margaret 
Maria 


Mercy 
Mildred 


Lucinda 


Marion 


Millicent 


Lucretia 


Mary 
135. 


Minnie 


Miranda 


Polly 


Sarah 


Nancy 


Priscilla 


Sophih 


Nora 


Prudence 


Stella 


Olive 


Eachel 


Susan 


Ophelia 


Kebecca 


Victoria 


Patience 


Rhoda 


Viola 


Pauline 
PlKKbe 


Ruth 
Sally 

136. 


Virginia 
Winifred 


Butter 


50 @ 30 Celery, f doz. 50 @ 6(1 


Honey 


20 @ 25 Radishes, " 


20 @ 25 


Eggs, hens' 


30 @ 40 Artichokes " 


50 @ 1.00 


" ducks' 


35 @ 45 Horserad'h " 


10 @ 15 


Lard, f ft 


18 @ 2(> Mushrooms " 


25 @ 35 


Bacon, ^ ft 


18 & 20 Melons, each 


48 @ 50 


Onions, f ft 


2 & 21 I'eppers, " 


25 @ 35 


f 'aulifl'rs, each 10 @ 15 (Jarlic, 


5 @ 8 


C Cabbages, " 


12 20 Eschalots, " 


20 @ 25 



50 



THE UNIVEB8AL SPELLING BOOK 



goodness' sake 
righteousness' sake 
conscience' sake 
Moses' law 
Jesus' feet 
Xerxes' army 
ladies' school 
girls' class-room 
boys' wardrobe 



187. 



miners' strike 
joiners' tools 
Farmers' Bank 
Mechanics' Institute 
misses' shoes 
men's ideas 
women's rights 
children's clothing 
brethren's meeting 



PART II 



RULES 



Pupils should be taught a few rules for spelling. 
Exercise I. Observe the following words : 



fat 


fatter 




fatted 


set 
hit 
hop 
scrub 


setting 

hitting 

hopped 

scrubbing 

scrubby 


sun 


sunny 



fattest 

fatten 

setter 

hitter 

hopping 

scrubbed 

sunned 



fatting 
fatty 



hopper 
scrubber 

sunning 

Rule 1. Observe that the first tcurd of each of these series is 
a ward of one syllable, and ends in a single consonant preceded 
by a single vowel, and that it doubles the final consonant on 
adding a syllable beginning with a rowel. 

Form as many words as you can by adding a syllable 
beginning with a vowel to each of the following words : 

bat drag crib blot 

glad drug dig bud 

'lum flat dim clot 

man flip ,log clap 



rob 



fret 



81 



drip 



crab 



52 

pen 

stag 

sherl 

bag 

bed 

bid 

bob 

cap 

chat 

clog 

cram 

dam 

dim 

kid 

let 

mad 

mit 

net 

pat 

pin 

put 

ram 

rid . 

rot 

sag 

■ship 

sin 

sins' 



THE UNIVEB8AL SPELLING 



gad 

get 

hop 

job 

rub 

stop 

stir 

beg 

bit 

bog 

can 

chop 

cot 

spin 

sprig 

step 

straj) 

stud 

knot 

knit 

Jap 

man 

mjip 

mob 

nod 

pet 

plan 

Quit 



drum 
fit 
fun 
gem 
grit 
hot 
jet 
whip 
shop 
upset 
bet 
ban 
bib 
run 
sap 
shut 
slip 
slur 
snug 
span 
spit 
stab 
stem 
strop 
stun 
lag 
lug 
mat 



BOOK 

dad 

dip 

dot 

drub 

dun 

flit 

fur 

glad 

grin 

hat 

jag 

jut 
pen 

pot 

rag 

rib 

rob 

sad 

set 

sit 

slop 

snap 

sob 

spar 

spot 

stop 

stir 



PART II 



5S 



Sllflff 

sot 

tail 

tip 

trot 

wet 



red 

rip 

wliij) 

tap 

top 

up 

Observe the following 



llllld 

pad 

war 

wliirl 

tin 

trip 



struiii 

sun 

wad 

whet 

wrap 



hox 
fox 

fix 



l>oxer 
foxiujj 
foxy 
fixing 



fixahie 
fixedness 

nej,eare not e.n-eptmm to Ihe qenernl rni 
mrusiiiutnt, heiiuj eijuinileiit to ks. 

Form words }>y addiii 
to the following : 

lax yg^ 

wax vex 

flax 

Exercise 11. Observe the following : 

begin beginner 

forget forgetting 

forgot forgotten 

admit admitted 
admitter 

prefer preferred 



boxing 

foxed 

foxisli 

fixed 

fixedly 



X u iinl I, sinyk 
llables beginning with vowels 

tax 
mix 



beginning 

admitting 

admittable 

preferring 



54 



THE UNrVEKSAL SPELLING BOOK 



submit rebel 



acquit emit 



cabal 

commit 

incur 

Exercise III. 

move 

abate 

amu.se 

captive 

elaborate 

excuse 



allot 
refer 
transmit 



unfit 
canal 
occur 



Observe the following : 

Movable 

al)ating 

amusing 

captivity 

elabomtion 

excusable 



appal 
repel 



moving 

alwtable 

amu.sable 

captivate 

elaborator 

elaborating 

excusing 






accede 

active 

adjudge 



vowel. 

accuse 
adduce 
advance 



acquiesce 

adhere 

advertise 



hiH- 





PART II 




aggravate 


aggrieve 


agitate 


alienate 


alleviate 


amazv) 


amuse 


animate 


antecede 


appraise 


apprise 


arrange 


ascribe 


assume 


atone 


attribute 


awake 


babe 


base 


baste 


bide 


bustle 


cackle 


captive 


carve 


censure 


chance 


chase 


chastise 


chime 


cleanse 


cleave 


close 


cohere 


coincide 


come 


concede 


compute 


conceive 


condense 


condone 


confide 


confine 


confiscate 


confuse 


conjecture 


console 


consume 


contemplate 


contrive 


converse 


convoke 


convulse 


cooperate 


coordinate 


coi-relate 


corrode 


crave 


cremate 


cube 


cure 


curse 


dabble 


dare 


dangle 


deliberate 


decline 


decimate 


decrease 


deface 


defame 


defence 


defile 


deliberate 


delineate 


demonstrate 


denominate 


depose 


deodorize 


depreciate 


deprive 


depute 


describe 


desecrate 



55 



56 

deserve 

determine 

devote 

<lilate 

disgui.se 

dispose 

disuse 

divine 

drape 

effervesce 

eliminate 

elude 

emigrate 

engage 

ensue 

evacuate 

excite 

excuse 

expatiate 

expropriate 

fade 

fire 

fume 

gaze 

glide 

gouge 

guide 

have 



THE 



nVIVEBSAL HPKLUNO BOOK 



desire 

devise 

dictate 

discriminate 

<lispen.se 

dispute 

diverge 

dodge 

drive 

ejaculate 

elongate 

emancipate 

emulate 

enlarge 

enunciate 

evade 

exclude 

exercise 

expedite 

extricate 

fatigue 

flame 

gape 

giggle 

glue 

gravitate 

halve 

heave 



desolate 

devolve 

diffuse 

dislocate 

'lisplease 

dissemble 

divide 

dote 

eclipse 

elevate 

elope 

emerge 

endure 

ennoble 

escape 

evaporate 

excrete 

exhale 

expose 

exude 

figure 

force 

garble 

give 

gore 

grieve 

handle 

higgle 





PART II 


a 


hire 


humble 


hustle 


illiimiiiatc 


immerse 


inunigrate 


impede 


implore 


importune 


impose 


impute 


incarnate 


incite 


incommode 


inculciito 


inculpate 


indicate 


indite 


induce 


inebriate 


inflanu^ 


infinite 


infuse 


inhere 


inscribe 


insnare 


insinuate 


inspire 


introduce 


intrude 


invade 


investigate 


invoke 


in, live 


joke 


jumble 


license 


like 


litigate 


live 


lose 


lubricate 


loose 


lunge 


make 


mangle 


manure 


measure 


meliorate 


migrate 


mingle 


mistake 


mizzle 


moderate 


modulate 


nmffle 


nuunble 


muse 


muzzle 


name 


nerve 


objurgate 


ol)serve 


obscure 


obtrude 


oscillate 


overstate 


jwle 


parade 


paraphrase 


pasture 


penetrate 


perceive 


perjure 


persevere 


perspire 


persuade 


pile 


pierce 


pipe 


plague 


plate 


please 


pliable 



87 



58 

plunge 

pole 

prediaite 

prepare 

preside 

l)ml>e 

propose 

prostrate 

provide 

puerile 

quake 

rake 

raze 

recognize 

refine 

regulate 

reiterate 

release 

repine 

repulse 

reside 

respite 

retrieve 

revolve 

rogue 

rule 

saturate 

score 



THE 



I'NIVEIW.AL 8PELLI.\(» ItooK 



[MHse 

pinv 

preface 

presage 

presume 

produce 

prose 

protrude 

provoke 

piu-chase 

(|uihl)le 

rate 

••ebuke 

reconcile 

refute 

rehearse 

relapse 

remove 

repose 

require 

resolute 

resume 

reverse 

rifle 

rou - 

saluu? 

scale 

secure 



lK)ke 

pi'ecipitate 

I)reniise 

preserve 

prevaricate 

propitiate 

prosecute 

prove 

puddle 

purge 

race 

rhttle 

receive 

reduce 

regenerate 

reinforce 

relate 

remunerate 

reproiwte 

reserve 

respire 

resuscitate 

revive 

npple 

ruffle 

satiate 

scribble 

seduce 



PART 11 



59 



.seethe 


seize 


sejwrate 


serve 


settle 


shape 


shame 


shave 


situate 


slate 


slave 


slice 


slide 


smile 


smite 


smuggle 


sneeze 


sfjeculate 


spire 


splice 


sphere 


stagnate 


stare 


starve 


state 


stone 


store 


straggle 


stroke 


subscribe 


subserve 


subside 


substitute 


subvene 


suffice 


suffuse 


superpose 


suiiersede 


supreme 


table 


tackle 


take 


t^ingle 


taste 


tattle 


throttle 


time 


tire 


toddle 


tolerate 


trace 


trade 


tiwluce 


ti"€inspire 


transpose 


tremble 


triturate 


tube 


tune 


twine 


twinge 


undertake 


underwrite 


unite 


unlike 


unsettle 


untwine 


urge 


vaccinate 


venerate 


ventilate 


vindicate 


vitiate 


wade 


wake 


waste 


wave 


weave 


while 


wrestle 


yoke 



flO 



THK r-X,VKRM.L H,.E,,L,X„ B«„K 






i"terclmiijr(, 

niarringo 
• 'iitmg.' 
pence 

■"" ,4<' 

' lya^e 

iiotic(! 

service 

tinge 

live 



• lyeiiiir 
ExercUelV. <..,..n-.. the foilowin, : 

severely 

finely 

finespun 
Wuenes.s 
niovenient 



'•'Ivnntageous 
Hllegffihio 

'lllinfl;;,.,,),!,, 

C'lnrujre, ..s 
changcrtltJo 
'•'largcahlf. 

'"'eicliangeuhle 
'njinjigeal,!,, 

niairiagedhl,. 

onfragooiis 

I«-iimil)l(. 

«ingeing 

»'"yag(.al,le 

noticeaMe 

«<'rvicH-al)le 

tingeidg 



severe 
fine 

blue 
move 



severeiioss 
fineness 
finespokcii 
Muely 
Y .. , "K'velesM 



PABT II 



01 



Ri-LE 4. Hmee MlerU e i, retnined before an affix heqinnin,, 

ivilh a conimnnnl. ■*■ .r j 

Ad.l Mu-nt, iiesH, full, or ly to each of the following : 

excite chastise induce 

measure defile 

adhesive engage 

appraise jndite 

"^*'6 advertise 

confine active 

•^'••P^ amuse 

amaze atone 

scarce close 

aflvance diffuse 

an-ange enlarge 



achieve 

acquire 

ample 

obscure 

waste 

oblique 

revf)k(' 

use 

pale 

wake 



Exercite V. Observe the following words : 
nudge ,u,dgi„f, n„,,gg^ 

J"''Ke judging judgment 

lo'lfje lo,lgnient ]„dger 

Rl't.K 5. Henrc in,r,U ai.fnuj in dge drop the Jiml ,: .,„ 
taking ani/ nitffit. 



Ezerciw VI. 


Observe the following 


words : 


ceiling 


conceive 


conceit 


deceive 


deceit 


perceive 


receive 


receipt 


seize 


seizure 


seignor 





62 

achieve 

bier 

fief 

grief 

lief 

grenadier 

niece 

pier 



THE UNIVEKSAL SPELLING BOOK 



achievement 

chief 

fierce 

grieve 

lien 

liege 

piece 

thief 



believe 

field 

fiend 

aggrieve 

mien 

mischief 

pierce 



RutE 6 /( ,„•« A, ^h^^^^l that, whm a himna mund 
pre.rde. the s^.nd of Umg e, thu Jnd is represeZ Z^i- 

by le. There are a few exceptions, as the following : 



siege 
leisure 



besiege 
weir 



deity 



PART III 



Words liable to be mlaspelled because the same sounds In them 
are spelled in different ways. 

NoTB 1.— Explain tlie meaningn of new words when iissigning 
each le.'tson. 

Note 2.— Pupils should write short simple sentences including 
new words as they lire given out liy the t«ucher. 





aln, »pe, eln, etsn, algn. 




abstain 


plain 


strain 


crane 


appertain 


sustain 


profane 


bane 


insane 


skein 


humane 


wane 


deign 


arraign 

2. 
ause, aws, auze. 


campaign 






cause 


pause 


withdraws 


because 


applause 


gnaws 


flaws 


squaws 

3. 
aid, auled, ailed, awled. 


gauze 






bald 


scald 


stalled 


called 


mauled 


crawled 


squalled 


sprawled 


drawled 



m 






84 



install 
bawl 
sprawl 
maul 



fraud 
broad 
sawed 



bray 

fray 

affray 

delay 

betray 

convey 

obey 



break 
brake 
shake 
awake 
partake 



THl UNIVBBSAL 8PELLIN0 BOOK 



4. 




all, awl, aul. 


V 


forestall 


gall 


drawl 


wall 


brawl 


crawl 


haul 


yawl 


5. 
aud, oad, awed. 




defraud 


applaud 


abroad 


pawed 


gnawed 


laud 


6. 
ay. ey, eiyh. 




allay 


flay 


defray 


astray 


display 


dismay 


they 


repay 


pur\'ey 


array 


disobey 


survey 


weifjli 


inveigh 


7. 
eak, aka. 




steak 


make 


stake 


flake 


drake 


snake 


spake 


forsake 


mistake 


undertiike 





PART III 


85 


! 




8. 
eak, eek, lek, Ique. 




; 


freak 


bleak 


creak 




wreak 


squeak 


sneak 




peak 


streak 


bespeak 




shriek 


creek 


sleek 




antique 


picjue 


unique 




clique 


oblique 

9. 
ean, een, ene, In, Ine. 


critique 








K'. 


dean 


wean 


clean 


1 


lean 


green 


unclean 


between 


spleen 


foreseen 


1 


unseen 


careen 


obscene 


convene 


serene 


marine 




routine 


ravine 

10. 
ear, eep, ere, ler. 


mandarin 




year 


smear 


spear 




appear 


disappear 


endear 


» 


arrear 


cheer 


queer 




sneer 


Ciireer 


veneer 




domineer 


mutineer 


gazetteer 




pioneer 


adhere 


cohere 




severe 


austere 


grenadier 




interfere 


persevere 


chandelier 




cavalier 


frontier 


gondolier 





66 



THE UNIVEBSAL SPELLING BOOK 



bleat 

defeat 

replete 

fleet 

street 

conceit 



rlecease 
release 
fleece 
geese 



achieve 

believe 

brief 

conceit 

conceive 

either 

liege 

deceit 

deceive 

fiend 

fierce 



11. 
eat, eet, ete, elt, elpt. 
entreat 
repeat 
conci'ete 
greet 
discreet 
deceit 

12. 
ease, eeee, eese, lece, Ice, ise. 

lease 
decrease 
valise 
police 

13. 

ie, eL 
grief 
weird 
leisure 
liege 
niece 
perceive 
pierce 
seizure 
shield 
priest 
receive 



treat 

retreat 

complete 

secrete 

obsolete 

receipt 



cease 
increase 
apiece 
caprice 



relieve 

reprieve 

retrieve 

neither 

besiege 

shriek 

siege 

tier 

wield 

yield 

inveigle 



roan 

hone 

enthrone 

own 

known 



clue 

cue 

value 

imbue 

rescue 

revenue 

neuter 

lieu 

view 

beauty 

juicy 

screw 

threw 

Note.— Long 
like 00 in cool ; 



PAKT III 
14. 

oan, one, own. 
moan 
drone 
dethrone 
sown 
thrown 

15. 

ue, eu, leu, ul, ew, lew. 
few 
issue 
ensue 
endue 
pursue 
undue 
retinue 
continue 
purlieu 
I'eview 
nuisance 
rue 
true 



67 



loan 

prone 

postpone 

shown 

flown 



sue 

tissue 

subdue 

argue 

residue 

rueful 

eulogy 

adieu 

pewter 

barbecue 

bedew 

construe 

accrue 



icy 

legacy 

infancy 



m all other cases they sound like yu or the word yoa. 

16. 

Wards endiug in cy, s>, and zy. 

fancy fleecy 

lunacy feijacy 

privacy papacy 






THE UNIVEK8AL SPELLING BOOK 



piquancy 


brilliancy 


vacancy 


fluency 


decency 


clemency 


potency 


idiocy 


solvency 


excellency 


diplomacy 


currency 


ascendency 


buoyancy 


competency 


confederacy 


aristocracy 


persistency 


flimsy 


greasy 


poesy 


easy 


glossy 


massy 


epilepsy 


drowsy 


dropsy 


leprosy 


prosy 


embassy 


hypocrisy 


rosy 


breezy 


crazy 


jealousy 


mazy 


dizzy 


apostasy 

17. 
ence, snse, ents.* 


oozy 






sense 


hence 


whence 


tense 


commence 


(liiferenco 


eminence 


diffidence 


indigence 


intelligence 


eloquence 


innocence 


residence 


preference 


reference 


excellence 


penitence 


vehemence 


magnificence 


negligence 


munificence 


condense 


omnipotence 


beneficence 


dispense 


immense 


suspense 


recompense 


nonsense 


incense 


settlements 


repents 


ferments 


governments 


frankincense 


instruments 


establishments 


experiments 

* t should be sounded. 


prevents 





FABT III 


6£ 




18. 




Words endiii'i in eouS and lOIU. 


piteous 


hideous 


ligneous 


duteous 


vitreous 


beauteous 


plenteous 


aqueous 


cutaneous 


osseous 


bounteous 


spontaneous 


simultaneous 


extraneous 


homogeneous 


heterogeneous 


instanUineous 


curious 


odious 


dubious 


envious 


studious 


obvious 


impious 


various 


copious 


carious 


furious 


glorious 


serious 


injurious 


spurious 


penurious 


imperious 


delirious 


laborious 


felonious 


abstemious 


nefarious 


acrimonious 


ceremonious 


ignominious 


parsimonious 


sanctimonious 


deleterious 


19. 

Wordt ending in able and Ible. 


laudable 


curable 


durable 


tenable 


probable . 


capable 


affable 


palpable 


sensible 


blamable 


portable 


liable 


teachable 


suitable 


laughable 


peaceable 


saleable 


taxable 


changeable 


serviceable 


noticeable 


fallible 


tangible 


edible 


possible 


visible 


fusible 



70 



THE UNIVEB8AL HPELLINO BOOK 



legible 


flexible 


feasible 


forcible 


terrible 


compressible 


horrible 


corraptible 


irresistible 


combustible 


indigestible 


indelible 


irascible 


culpable 


eligible 




20. 

WonU ending in efy ond 


Ify. 


stupefy 


rarefy 


liquefy 


edify 


putrefy 


dignify 


signify 


deify 


verify 


glorify 


vitrify 


terrify 


falsify 


clarify 


beautify 


sanctify 


certify 


fructify 


amplify 


justify 


petrify 


disqualify 


indemnify 
21. 

Words etulimj in ety and 


personify 




Ity. 


nicety 


piety 


society 


sobriety 


probity 


anxiety 


propriety 


deity 


impropriety 


notoriety 


quantity 


brevity 


(juality 


enmity 


grav'ty 


suavity 


sanctity 


gratuity 


annuity 


humility * 


dexterity ^« 


urbanity 


malignity 


stupidity j^ 


avidity 


prodigality 


commodity 1 


neutrality 


probability 


malleability 1 


tranquillity 


fertility 


incredulity 1 



PART IV 



Note 1. — Kxpluin the ineniiiiiirH of new wonU when assigning 
each lefwon. 

NoTB 2. -Pupils flhonid write sliurt simple sentenceH including 
new words as they are given out hy llio teacher. 

The words in the following lessons are compiled from 
lists of "words commonly misspelled," sent from pumj' 
schools in different parts of Canada. In cases of words 
having the same sound but different meanings, only one 
is given except in a few instances. 



1. 



aborigines 


amassed 


archangel 


abyss 


amateur 


architect 


accede 


ambiguous 


archives 


accept 


ameliorate 


arctic 


acconlion 


amethyst 


artificial 


accommodate 


analogy 


ascent 


achievement 


2. 

analysis 


ascertain 


accumulate 


anarchy 


assailants 


accurate 


anatomical 


assassin 


ache 


ancient 


asphalt 


acknowledgment 


angels 


assiduous 


acquiesce 


annihilate 


assuage 



Vt- 



72 



THE UNIVEB8AL HPELLINCt BOOt 



I 1 $ .' 

II! 





8. 




acquainted 


anonymous 


asthma 


acquittal 


antique 


astronomy 


acoustic 


aggregate 


atheism 


adept 


antipathy 


arena 


abridge 


accuracy 


affright 


acrostic 


accelerate 


abdicate 


apathy 


acme 


abeyance 


ancestry 


athlete 


abrogate 


aversion 


4. 

anxiety 


abstinence 


acres 


aperture 


assignee 


across 


apology 


analogous 


addition 


apoplexy 


attachment 


adhere 


apostle 


alphabet 


adjoin 


apparent 


audible 


affability 


apostrophe 


authority 


aghast 


appalling 


auger 


agile 


5. 

apparel 


augur (2) 


aggrieve 


appearance 


author 


aisle 


appellation 


autocrat 


alcohol 


apprehension 


autumn 


allege 


aqueduct 


auxiliary 


alley 


aqueous 


avenue 


alpaca 


anthracite 


avoirdupois 


abstruse 


aborigines 


awkward 








PABT IV 


7 


athwart 


6. 

annexation 


axiom 


almanac 


aught (» 


arraign 


abnormal 


asked 


adieu 


absolute 


awed 


airy 


accomplice 


altar at 


awning 


ankles 


anguish 


almonds 


almost 


afglian 


already 


ague 


arctic 


artifice 


always 


7. 
allspice 


a<lmittance 


apiece 


allegiance 


advertise 


accede 


alias 


attorney 


assess 


ascension 


alienate 


abscess 


abstinence 


associate 


ascendant 


apostasy 


amiable 


asbestos 


asparagus 


association 


adamant 


bigamy 


apothecary 


beguile 


8. 

bulletin 


alligator 


Ijailitt' 


•leverage 


begrudge 


ballad 


bias 


bulwark 


balmy 


bicycle 


brunette 


banana 


bier (2) 


brethren 


bargain 


biennial 


briille 


barouche 


bilious 


bridal 


battalion 


billiardn 


brigadier 



II 



I: 



74 



THE I7NIVEB8AL Hl'EIXINO BOOK 





9. 




bayonet 


biscuit 


Briton 


Iwzaar 


l)rilliant 


Britain 


l)eau 


bivouac 


Brit^mnia 


i)eanteou8 


bivouacked 


bronchitis 


Ixilejiguerers 


blanmble 


brooch 


helieve 


l)lanc-nmngo 


l>ruiMei« 


twiiefivctor 


bleach 


bureau 


lieiiefteent 


bludgeon 
10. 


burial 


beneficial 


lK)rough 


burlesque 


iKiHieging 


liosoni 


busiest 


bevel 


bounteous 


Imsily 


bachelor 


balance 


business 


burglary 


brought 


buoy 


buffalo 


bough (2) 


buy IS) 


barren 


brief 


bonus 


boudoir 


breadth 
11. 


l>alk 


buoyant 


benign 


buying 


behavior 


iMiboon 


bequeath 


benumb 


Ijuggy 


baptize 


bouquet 


blazing 


l)ereave 


benefit 


Ittilance 


bunion 


bwlice 


brazen 


l)enzine 


Imuble 


l)eautify 


bristles 


blonde 


brimful 


betrayer 



bnnii,'iHint 

beastliness 

calendar (SI 

winily 

caprice 

cameo 

campaign 

camphor 

cancel 

cjij)tain 

carat 

carcass 

carouse 

carriage 

cashier 

cataract 



catiistrophe 

catarrh 

cayenne 

cedar 

ceiling (2) 

celestial 

celery 

Cemetery 



Pabt IV 

12. 

cliillilain 

chinmey 

chimes 

chisel 

chloroform 

choir (« 

chieftain 

choral 

18. 

chord (2) 

chorister 

chronometer 

cipher 

circuitous 

citjidel 

civilities 

civilize 

14. 

clerical 

clicjue 

coalition 

cocoa 

codicil 

coi'i'ce 

conscientious 

convalescent 



75 



conscr. iii > 




coincide 




conscious 




f'insent 


1 


consignee 

consolatory 

eholcnt 


i 


conveyance 




eoDiH- 


J 


<i)(jiiifte 


1 


coral 


1 


corpuscle 


1 


corpse 


P 


cough 


t 


cuisine 


1- 


councillor 


counterfeit 


1 


coupon (21 


■ 



courier 

courtesy 

cowardice 

crescent 

cried 

crisis 



76 



THE UNIVERSAL 8PELLINO BOOK 



m 



■ 





15. 




census 


colonel 


critical 


centennial 


column 


criticism 


centre 


cohesive 


crooked 


cereals 


coming 


crochet 


ceremonies 


commercial 


crocodile 


chagrin 


committee 


ci'0(iuet 


chalk 
chamois 


committing 
comparing 


crucify 
cruising 


changeable 
chaos 
charade 
chastisement 


16. 

compel 
conciliate 
conducive 
conical 


crystallize 
cupboard 
curiosity 
cycle 


chasm 


concealed 


oyck. > 
cymbtii<2) 


chattel 


concede 


cheerily 
cheques 


congenial 


cynical 


conqueror 


cypress 




17. 




chestnuts 


chandelier 


czar 


callous 


compassed 


cousin 


creosote 
collofjuy 


clothe 
crutch 


captious 
chloiul 


climax 


chyle 


conceive 


cavalry 
capillary 


chyme 


champagne 


conceit 


crevice 


calumny 


canoe 


caucus 



cartilage 

calisthenics 

cigar 

chapel 

copy 

chasten 

couple 

chronic 



christen 

chalky 

condemn 

carbine 

coffee m 

catsup 

coercion 

colonize 



concurred 

defendant 

dilemma 

donkey 

disguise 

digit 

dairy 

diary 



PART IV 

18. 

colic 

currants 

calico 

chocolate 

cauliflower 

cinnamon 

curable 

cupola 

19. 

courageous 

constellation 

cabbages 

creator 

coalesce 

cordial 

copier 

confectionery 

20. 

consequence 

diminutive 

demeanor 

diphtheria 

deference 

development 

deficit 

descendant 



77 

canker 

Christmas 

covetf)us 

corruptible 

criticise 

chargeable 

civilian 

clumsiness 

chemistry 

chivalry 

cordially 

cleanliness 

charlatan 

cochineal 

cinnanum 

chrysalis 



chicory 

dissolve 

desperate 

dependent 

dulness 

diagnose 

debarred 

disciple 



78 



THE UNIVEKSAL SPELLING BOOK 





21. 




divine 


daguerreot3'pe 


dandelion 


discern 


dispense 


detachment 


disburse 


dungeon 


tlerogatory 


discipline 


deity 


diffuse 


duteous 


diphthong 


dictionary 


dispel 


<lerisi(m 


digestible 


decimal 


dutiful 


docile 


dense 


disease 
22. 


data 


deceive 


despatch 


debaucli 


deign a) 


dissipate 


detach 


dissyllable 


delirious 


dwtile 


depot 


deceit 


diamond 


dradge 


dahlia 


dwindle 


debut 


dollar 


dizzily 


deiile 


dyeing 


dialogue 


deluge 


dungeon 


dynamics 


dynasty- 


23. 

duet 


devious 


do igh(2) 


disappear 


diaphraji;rn 


diinight 


description 


despondent 


disk 


despair 


defraud 


daughter 


decide 


depth 


dishonor 


discomfited 


discretion 


demagogue 


dispossessed 


divisible 


deficiency 


default 


diurnal 



derrick , 

double 

excellence 

ex]iil)it 

eva-sion 

eighth 

equivocal 

epistle 



easel 

ecstasy 

epilejjsy 

exchequei' 

etymology 

ellipse 

equipage 

edible 



exonerate 
evanescent 
'■electic 
eulogy 

<'«i{le 
efface 
er«M« 



TAUT IV 

24. 

domineer 

domicile 

eligibility 

embezzle 

eccentricities 

efficacj' 

exjjense 

efficiency 

26. 

existence 

enemies 

errand 

extraordinaiT 

entrance 

excellent 

enrolment 

ff-hoiiiji 



79 



26. 

embiiri'as! 

emerge 

emineot 

effervesce 

ec/\('ntr'u- 

episod. 



mg 



debris 

<lvvarf 

examiner 

execrable 

erroneous 

(^legy 

envelopc 

excursion 



essential 

eager 

economv 

explicit 

eitlier 

epitome 

enormous 

i>Vi'i( 



'lecti'ician 
e<|U)liliniin) 

e(jirtfw^. 

exerfion 

edifice 

erticient 

etiquette 



80 



THE UNIVEESAL SPELLINa BOOK 





27. 




1 extreme 


editor 


exorbitant 


' esquire 


epitaph 


exhaustible 


exhaust 


euphony 


expatiate 


exhort 


effervescence 


enterprise 


enroll 


elegant 


erysipelas 


expel 


extirpate 


evident 


emissary 


fuchsia 


furry 


exhilarate 


frigid 
28. 


forehead 


facetious 


facsimile 


fertilize 


Fahrenheit 


fracas 


forceps 


fossil 


forte (2) 


flambeau 


flaunt 


fierce 


freight 


franchise 


frontier 


feudal 


fresco 


feud (2) 


furnace 


fright 


financial 


forcible 


fraught 


fiery 
29. 


fascinate 


f facile 


faucet 


ferocious 


i financier 


facilitate 


fulfil 


1 • feign (2) 


friend 


familiar 


fiend 


fledged 


finally 


fractious 


fumigate 


fissure 


furlough 


February 


frivolous 


falcon 


fibres 


feint (« 


folchion 


fiendish 


foreign 



rfi' a* '*£' 







PAHT IV 


81 






30. 






felony 


fifthly 


fibrous 




foliage 


fifteenth 


frontispiece 




fete (2) 


flourish 


flat-iron 




finesse 


fiasco 


flexibility 




foretell 


fussiness 


fatiguing 




facial 


gnash 


factious 




flippant 


giraffe 


frolicsome 




felon 


gnat 
81. 


gorgeous 




freckle 


granary 


grateful 




gauge (S) 


gaudy 


group 




guarantee 


geranium 


gluttonous 




graphic 


gymnastics 


grievous 




guardian 


gnaw 


ghastly 




guinea 


gyp«y 


grandeur 




gingham 


guitar 


guillotine 




ghostly 


glisten 


garrison 






32. 






glossary 


gases 


gasalier 




glazier 


gymnast 


galleries 




guttural 


gable (Z) 


guest (2) 




gratuitous 


guidance 


grenadier 




grammar 


grotesque 


gaiters 




grown 


gopher 


gracious 




guise 


good by 


gluey 




gaunt 


gratis 


gherkin | 

i 











82 



THE UNIVERSAL SPELLING BOOK 





88. 




g«y 


gnarled 


gristle 


goal 


ghost 


gusto 


gallon 


gaseous 


gypsum 


greasy 


glycerine 


growth 


guide 


guerilla 


giant 


gouge 


ghostliness 


grieve 


guileless 


guttapercha 


grief 


gulch 


genealogy 
34. 


gauze 


geyser 


gorilla 


gout 


gazelle 


gazette 


gibe 


glacier 


heresy 


guile 


gossamer 


hallelujah 


hostler 


havoc 


hyacinth 


height 


heinous 


hosiery 


hurried 


hydraulic 


hippopot^inius 


heroic 


hypothesis 


hydroplioV>ia 


haughty 


hymn (2) 


35. 

hyphen 


hazard 


harangue 


hygiene 


hiccough m 


history 


hemorrhage 


humorous 


hoeing 


hypocrisy 


hoping 


homeopathy 


hideous 


hilarious 


honeysuckle 


huge 


hue (2) 


hyena 


handkerchief 


heai-d m 


heifer 


hoarse 


hierarchy 





I'AKT IV 






36. 




hickory 


hydropathic 


harassing 


halves* 


hippodrome 


habituate 


heirship 


harle(iuin 


halcyon 


handsome 


hoeing 


hominy 


hatchet 


hurriedly 


high m 


hymen 


hideous 


historic 


hogshead 


huckleberiy 


hurricane 


heaven 


Iieinousness 


hypocrite 


herbaceous 


humiliate 


hospital 


homogeneous 


liymensal 


itself 


illegible 


irretrievable 


immense 


inaudible 


indepemJent 


invincible 


indict CI 


incense 


ingenuous 


isthmus 


instttll 


intrigue 


inseparable 


impromptu 


issuing 


impetuous 


inciriiun 


icicle 


incredible 


38. 

interrogatory 


insidious 


irresistible 


impassttl)le 


imitate 


isolate 


interred 


implement 


illicit 


inHamniatory 


imagine 


ivy 


indigestible 


island 


inveigle 


infidels 


interfere 


intercede 


intensely 


innocuous 


irrepressible 


immerse 


imminent 



83 



84 TH£ 


UNIVBBBAL SPEUJNO 


BOOK 




39. 




initial 


indispensable 


imaginary 


iron 


incandescent 


image 


iota 


indebtedness 


indefinite 


impatient 


idol (2) 


instil 


irony 


intelligible 


impious 


irrigate 


infallible 


irrelevant 


indigenous 


incrtable 


impressible 


ivory 


jiuiocence 
40. 


jocular 


isosceles 


ineligible 


jeweller 


inflammation 


irrevocable 


judgment 


inoculate 


inexomble 


Jehovah 


irrigation 


indebted 


joking 


inveigh 


jeopardy 


jealousy 


initiate 


juiciness 


joining 


jovial 


jeopardize 


knew (2) 


jilt 


joyous 
41. 


knotty 


jaundice 


judging 


knows 


juicy 


janitor 


knocks 


jostle 


journey 


knowledge 


kleptomaniac 


knapsack 


knave (2) 


knock 


knolls 


kernel 


kiln 


knives 


kerchief 


knuckle 


knavery 


kerosene 


knell 


knelt 


knife 



knit 

knight (» 

knee 

laughter 

linen 

lichen 

loitered 

lozenge 

loose 

liege 

lexicon 

luscious 

levelled 

linguist 

loathe 

lilies 



languid 

liquidate 

leviathan 

language 

laugh 

Ijre 

lapse 

lieu 



PAHT IV 

42. 

knead (» 

kangaroo 

locomotive 

lathe 

lapel 

launch 

luncheon 

larceny 

43. 

lattice 

lettuce 

lynx (2) 

leisure 

leoparfl 

lion 

lacerate 

lucid 

44. 
lynch 
lily 
lens 
lava 
loosen 
luxury 
laving 
liquefy 



S5 



licorice 

larynx 

label 

liquor 

lose 

losing 

lizard 

lieutenant 



length 

lustix- 

ludicrous 

liniment 

lovable 

latchet 

logarithm 

light 



lyrics 

lac(juer 

lief 

ledger 

leopanl 

leper 

laudanum 

lineament 



86 THE UNIVEKHAL HPELUN** 


BOOK 




46. 




league 


likelihood 


legacy 


livelihood 


literal 


morsel 


machinery 


mercenary 


mysteries 


missile 


muscle 


m(mrnf'ul 


miscellaneous 


mahogany 


mayor (2) 


malady 


maintaining 


multiple 


mortice 


nuuiicipal 


nmsing 


minion 


mimicking 
46. 


monarchs 


malice 


myriail 


martyrs 


morgue 


mignonette 


meant 


militia 


nmtinous 


metre 


momentous 


meliiueholy 


miniature 


melodious 


massacie 


moisten 


marriage 


mortgage 


mien (2) 


medal (2) 


mechanic 


mighty 


myrtle 


mosquito 
47. 


moustache 


mesmerize 


menagerie 


monetary 


mistletoe 


numnur 


magnificent 


mackerel 


mountainous 


meteor 


monosyllable 


model 


martial w 


measles 


iv,etali2) 


nmsician 


meridian 


manfcuvre 


moneys 


meagre 


mischievous 


merino 


ma«lden 


mattress 


maximum 





I'AHT IV 


87 




**• 




melon 


mistiness 


moccasin 


mortise 


medicine 


moneyless 


nioMaic 


marriageable 


mamiscript 


macaroni 


molasses 


movable 


niorphino 


marmalade 


millennium 


maintain 


marine 


might (2) 


mackerel 


mischief 


myth 


manageable 


masquerade 
49. 


mii'th 


negotiate 


nausea 


nervous 


neuralgia 


naphtha 


naughty 


neutral 


ne{-ess<irily 


nutritious 


novice 


niece 


nucleus 


nonsense 


nominative 


nineteenth 


niche 


neighbor 


naval 


nickel 


nephew 


nitre 


nominee 


nymph 


normal 


nuisance 


^0. 
neuter 


nauseous 


nugget 


notation 


nationality 


nigh 


opaque 


onslaught 


naught 


oriole 


ttrdinarily 


nought 


obloquy 


orchestra 


opulent 


optician 


opposite 


ordinance 


obsequies 


owes 


o'clock 


obsequious 


oyster 



MICROCOPY MSOIUTION TEST CHAtT 

(ANSI ond ISO TEST CHART No. 2) 




m^tjL 



S /APPLIED \K\A3E. Inc 

H^ 1653 Eost Main Street 

'.S: Roch«tef. New rorW U609 USA 

B (716) 482 - 0300 - Phone 

S (716) 288- 5989 -fa* 



88 



THE UNIVERSAL SPELLIX(J BdOK 



; I" 





51. 




ocular 


occurrence 


oblique 


orifice 


orphan 


once 


onyx 


opportunity 


octopus 


obeisance 


operation 


opium 


obsolete 


occurred 


ocean 


oscillate 


omitted 


officious 


onion 


occasions 


orchestral 


ostrich 


obscene 
52. 


oratorio 


oxygen 


official 


obstacle 


orator 


opera 


officer 


ordeal 


participle 


phase 


orthoepy 


predecessor 


pierce 


oxalic 


promissory 


psychology 


ought (2) 


petition 


paitial 


ooze 


piteous 


pigeon 


plover 


privilege 
53. 


package 


puzzle 


parable 


pittance 


prorogue 


psaltery 


primer 


palace 


payable 


peddler 


perceive 


prude 


pennon 


plague 


policy 


politician 


penniless 


purchasable 


pheasant 


precision 


picnicking 


polygamy 


preparation 


presence 


pickerel 



PART IV 



89 



pursuit 

pilfJilU 

perennial 

precise 

precede 

proceed 

pencils 

phonography 

pedal 

plaid 

participle 

placid 

plausible 

persistence 

pitiable 

passion 



paradise 

phaeton 

palate 

perseverance 

porpoise 

pancreas 

physiology 

palpable 



54. 

parallelogram 

parchment 

perceptible 

Presbytei'ian 

pore m 

pyramids 

pencilled 

poem 

55. 

pistols 

prophetic 

periodicals 

pompous 

portrait 

patient 

piazza (21 

piteous 

56. 

palatial 

porcelain 

phosphorus 

phrenology 

parliament 

psalm 

pleurisy 

phlegm 



potential 

pedagogue 

phosphate 

pneumatic 

persuade 

principle (2) 

I)leasant 

particle 



prodigious 

pi'opagate 

police 

parachute 

precipice 

prairie 

porridge 

precious 



piece (2) 

poison 

peasantry 

precincts 

precocious 

prescience 

pressure 

plebeian 



90 



THE TN-IVERHAL SPELLIMJ BOOK 



m 





87. 




piety 


physique 


process 


preferred 


plenteous 


piano 


pneumonia 


paroxysm 


picture 


petroleum 


plateau 


pitcher 


prestige 


phantom 


precedent 


paralysis 


porous 


patriarch 


pharmacy 


parochial 


palm 


purify 


pier (2) 
58. 


phrase 


poultice 


poor 


pewter 


practice 


pernicious 


peculiar 


practise 


jienitentiary 


priests 


pronunciation 


paralyze 


prettily 


pamphlet 


pinnacle 


I)rovinciai 


poignant 


palaver 


peaceable 


parasol 


pavili(,n 


pitiful 


particle 


proselyte 


prosody 


plaintiff 


59. 

putrefy 


physician 


psiradise 


potatoes 


querulous 


quite 


quarrel 


quartz (2) 


quiet 


quotient 


quest 


quorum 


(juahn 


(juery 


quinine 


queen 


quackery 


quadrille 


quotation 


recruit 


quoits 


remittance 


rhetoric 



rouge 

rheuinatisni 
rhytJiiii 

receive 
leconipen.se 
razor 
I'o.sette 
rhubarb (2) 



reiterate 

lan.soin 

receptiicle 

reijuiein 

leeonnuend 

resistance 

reiiieiiil)raiice 

repetition 

ridiculous 

reconcile 

receijjt 

redundant 

reindeer 

retrieve 

rogue 

realm 



PART IV 

60. 

ruffian 

rarefv 

reservoir 

ratio 

rendezvous 

radical 

rhyme m 

recogmze 

61. 

reformatory 

roiled 

reception 

reci|je 

ridge 

resplendent 

required 

rhinoceros 

62. 

refulgent 

route 

rejoice 

recollect 

regalia 

rhymer 

rennet 

ripple 



!)1 



reprieve 

refrigerator 

raisin 

rhapsody 

r(!in (.1) 

rescind 

ravenous 

resources 



reverential 

receding 

revellers 

response 

religious 

raspberries 

reconnoitre 

rescue 



right (« 

rascal 

raccoon 

roughen 

rations 

referred 

rain-gauge 

rasher 



92 



THE UNIVERSAL SPELLINO HOOK 



r}"e(3) 

redoubt 

reigneth 

routine 

rectify 

review 

radius 

reprieve 



sieve 

sacrilege 

sumach 

supersede 

skeleton 

stereotype 

sluice 

skein 



surname 

schedule 

susceptible 

suite (ii 

senior 

separate 

scuttle 

sagacious 



63. 

rummage 

riddance 

rueful 

roguish 

reminiscence 

recreant 

reckoner 

revenue 

64. 

sauce 

similar 

sure 

sterile 

sensible 

spontaneous 

shoulder 

splendor 

65. 

slender 

stretched 

salubrious 

sepulchre 

scimitar 

sacrilegious 

sacrifice 

severe 



resistance 

regatta 

nidiment 

receivable 

regime 

recourse 

rebel 

restaurant 



stomach 

synthesis 

systematic 

symmetry 

solitaire 

soldier 

silhouette 

Saturday 

smooth 

smother 

sleight (2) 

shrewd 

sense 

stencil 

soiree 

strychnine 



PABT IV 



swindle 

sycuiuore 

shovel 

specimen 

syllable 

suasion 

sibyl 

spinet 



sickle 

stirrup 

squirrel 

shepherd 

surgeon 

surname 

seizing 

sight (2) 

sigh 

sought 

slough 

straight (2) 

sinew 

spigot 

solemn 

specie 



66. 

sulphur 

sulistantially 
symbol B) 

supremacy 

sandwich 

sirloin 

spectrum 

species 

67. 

slyly 

sanJine 

singeing 

scholars 

sultriness 

shovelling 

suefl 

sheath 

68. 

salad 

sachem 

scythe 

seized 

shield 

scrofula 

sausage 

scissors 



sanctioned 

siphon 

stationary 

s')wer 

sealed 

shining 

siren 

spicy 



sapphire 

sauciness 

serenade 

secrecy 

scheme 

squad 

shrewd 

smoulder 



souvenir 

synopsis 

sphinx 

seethe 

scramble 

said 

sword 
spinach 



M 



THii UNIVEHSIL SPELLING BOOK 



•sanguine 
suspense 



synonymous 

stijik m 



superncml 


surcingle 


scandalous 


subtle 


suital)le 


salmon 


sleeve 


stereoscoj)e 


skilfully 


synonym 


science 


subpoena 




70, 


scene (2) 


sturgeon 


sloping 


singeing 


stirring 


stupefy 


satirical 


sergeant 


serviceable 


sardine 


secede 


soliloquy 


siege 


sylvan 


speech 


sapphire 




71. 


scent (2) 


seraph 


sylph 


stylish 


spoonful 


sobriety 


scruple 


stampede 


sheriff 


symptom 


subaltern 


sprightly 


strategic 


slaughter 


soprano 


serent! 



sweat 

scathing 

sincere 

solemn 

sphere 

satchel 

shriek 

sequel 

salary 

surplus 

surplice 

succeed 

sonorous 

sugar 

sympathy 

speedily 

selvage 

shekel 

suction 

schoonei- 

squander 

shrivel 

surfeit 

sonata 



somerwiuft 
«tiiiiiilii.s 

succession 

solemnize 

saltpetre 

tiiHuilence 

tuition 



tncit 

telegraph 
truly 

traitor 

tyrant 

truant 

telephone 

tomato 



tomahawk 

trivial 

troche 

trestle 

trespass 

triennial 

tyranny 

triphthong 



I'AifT IV 

72. 

steafiifst 

scflition 

survey 

silicate 

suhterranean 

superstitious 

tortoise 

tranquilhty 

73, 

tantalize 

typhus 

theat'es 

thieving 

talents 

tcjrture 

terrace 

terrier 

74, 
threshold 
territories 
toothache 
trisyllable 
tureen 
tent<icles 
treacherous 
typhoid 



95 



satellite 

syllogism 

sytiagogue 

suicidal 

scenery 

suspicion 

tassels 

tenacious 

thoroughly 

twelfth 

treacle 

thought 

touch 

trouble 

tongue 

threw (2) 



tailor 

tenant 

tmveller 

tremendous 

trapeze 

two (3) 

tragedy 
tableau 



96 



THE CNIVERHAL WPELLINO BOOK 








76. 




trachea 


thwart 


Uriff 


thigh 


tissues 


tapestry 


tight 


twirl 


tabular 


taught 


taunt 


tryst 


through m 


thyme m 


tenific 


tether 


thief 


tniceable 


fying 


toughen 


towelling 


tartar 


tonnage 
76. 


tran(juillize 


trousers 


toilet 


typical 


triphthong 


triple 


'tapioca 


thievish 


thistle 


tonsil 


iiPtil 


unchangeable 


uneasily 


unparalleled 


union 


unrobing 


undeniable 


undoubted 


universal 


unskilful 


umbrella 


utility 


using 


unsuccessful 
77. 


unanimous 


unique 


usury 


utensil 


villain 


valleys 


ugliest 


village 


volume 


voice 


violence 


various 


vigilant 


variegated 


voluble 


visible 1 


vacillating 


view 


vizier 1 


voracious 


victuals 


volition 1 


valise 


virtue 


verdure 1 



vertical 

vege' .ble 

valiant 

vengeance 
viewed 
veil (S) 
vein (2) 
valet 



VICIOUS 

wrestle 

waltz 

wield 

wrinkle 

whistle 

wily 

weapon 

wooed 

wrench 

worth 

whey 

wrist 

wreath 

wroth 

wreak 

7 



I'AMT IV 

78. 

vesicle 

vermicelli 

victualler 

vehicle 

vexations 

veranfia 

vermilion 

vying 

wizard 

wooUan 

wholly 

witiiessed 

Wednesday 

wretch 

women 

wield 

80. 

weird 

writhe 

v/rangle 

wainscot 

wigwam 

■ lolesomo 
wryness 
wheelwright 



fT 



vigorous 

vassal 

vicious 

virtually 

very 

Versatile 

ventilate 

version 



victualler 
winning 
wondering 
writing 

w'.rshipped 

wrapped 

whose 

wharf 



weight (2j 

wrought 

waltzed 

wizard 

wretched 

whooping 

whistling 

yea-st 



U6 



THE rxiVEIIMAL Sl'ELLINci l;U()K 



yolk 

yield 

yaclit 

/ealuiiH 



yeoniuri 
yawl 
yeurii 
zephyr 



yew 

jeHteniuy 

/oology 

zinc 



Words Hi'lcctcd l>y 
tional Asuocintinii for 
from different cities 
July, 1908 : 

which 

separate 

develop 

whether 

February 

Ijeneficial 

grammar 

accommodate 

embarrass 

business 

acquiesce 

privilege 

parallel 

judgment 

until 

management 

analysis 

lettuce 



It committee of the National Kduca- 
the miellillft contest U'tween [ '.M)iU 
of the United h'tate!', in (ievel.ind, 



potato 

iron 

together 

beginning 

surprise 

thorough 

Negroes 

fulfill 

principjil 

professor 

descendant 

government 

analyze 

detiiined 

governor 

preparation 

vertical 

prejudice 



sinn'lar 

admittance 

irrelevant 

foreigner 

ileceit 

hygiene 

seize 

niece 

alley 

ceiling 

chimney 

necessarily 

partition 

capital 

nuiscle 

cleanse 

victuals 

disease 



- ^ 



elm 
Pl^'cede 

•livisihli. 

"ceiimmco 
•-''•ininitteo 
'lixapfjt-ar 
"liNchief 

clmmcter 

pui-Mue 

origin 

exercine 

Jmndkerchiof 



PART IV 

••egretted 
noticoaMe 

niist'lii('V(iii.s 
ciiri().sitv 

niiiiiatiirc 

pofiii 

'•n^tliren 

"inl)ii'll)i 

persovei^' 

arctic 

particular 

'Kljaei'iit 

PiiJiipkiii 

except 

•^cognize 

convenience 



99 



HiilliiK'ry 
sovereign 
tt'staurant 
sever, 

laboratory 

Ixilloon 

geograpliy 

ci»stern 

"lissjjell 

e<|uipage 

cemetery 

coiiscier 

architect 

stntionery 

athletic 



'5 1 



PART V 



Hi-' 



Note 1— Explain the meanings of new words when assigning 
each lesson. 

NoTK 2.- I'upils nIiouW write short simple sentences including 
new wonis as they are jfiven out l>y the teacher. 

CoMMKRciAi, f'oUeges and Business Schools find that 
business men have a special vocabulary. The following 
lessons have been compiled from li.sts used in Commercial 
Colleges and Business Schools and other list? supplied by 
business men. They will be found to be of great value in 
the higher classes of PubUe Schools, in Continuation 
Classes, and in Commercial Colleges and Business Schools. 



accede 

advantageous 

accrued 

admittance 

accountant 



acquainted 

adeiiuate 

acquittal 

absorbed 

adjourn 



1. 
adjust 

accommodate 
accomplice 
abbreviate 
acclamation 

2. 

abridgment 
administrator 
acknowledgment 
acetylene 
abeyance 
Km 



abscond 

accessible 

acquisition 

accomplish 

acceptable 



abstinence 

acquiesce 

accumulate 

aggravate 

aforesaid 



abhorrence 

accessories 

achievement 

accuracy 

annuity 

amendment 

amanuensis 

alcohol 



PART V 

3. 

ad valorem 

acquii'enieiit 

affidavit 

aggressive 

anniversary 

antedate 

alibi 

allowance 



101 

affiliation 

aerate 

aerial 

affirmative 

amenable 

alimony 

ambulance 

allotment 



allege 

annul 

antidote 

announce 

apropos 

attorney 

apothecary 

athletic 



assimilated 

apprentice 

association 

appendicitis 

anonymous 

ardnous 

artificial 

arrears 



alias 

antiseptic 

anthracite 

aluminium 

alienist 

appropriation 

arraign 

approximate 

5. 

appurtenance 

att^ichment 

appalling 

arson 

auspicious 

auditor 

auctioneer 

augment 



appertain 

attestation 

assignee 

appellant 

applicable 

asphyxiate 

aspirant 

assessor 



associate 

assumed 

arbitrator 

architect 

auxiliary 

appetite 

adherence 

atlherents 



102 



THE UNIVERSAL SPELLING BOOK 



assignment 


6. 

authority 


asceticism 


ascertain 


autonomy 


aperture 


appraiser 


autunmal 


acceptance 


assiduous 


avarice 


aqueduct 


ampere 


ballast 


benzine 


business 


blamable 


brokerage 


bookkeeper 


bias 


benevolent 


bankruptcy 


balmoral 


billets 


beneficial 


7. 
bequeath 


balance 


benefactor 


bailment 


bulletin 


bureau 


barrister 


bullion 


buoyancy 


beneficiary 


boycott 


bacteria 


centennial 


chargeable 


brochure 


cancellation 


chattels 


buffet 


catalogue 


claimant 


certified 


calendar 


client 


certificate 


8. 

capitalist 


chicanery 


caret 


cereal 


clemency 


censor 


category 


chancery 


calumny 


clerical 


circuit 


chronicled 


complacency 


committee 


chute 


commendable 


compliance 


circumstantial 


computation 


competent 


chamois 


compromise 


comment 



PART V 



103 



circulation 

clientele 

chaperon 

cite 

compendium 

complement 

compliment 

commodious 



commune 

conununity 

conunendahle 

comnmtation 

contagiou.s 

convalescencf! 

controvert 

confederate 



conviction 

conspiracy 

constancy 

conscientious 

correspondence 

collateral 

column 

corruptible 



9. 

comprehension 

comparatively 

commeicial 

complainant 

C(mfectionery 

conciliate 

contemptible 

conveyance 

10. 

conference 

concise 

conspicuous 

conducive 

conception 

contractor 

c(mvene 

contraband 

11. 
concurrent 
conclusive 
concentrated 
consignor 
covenant 
cremation 
cultivate 
coroner 



compulsory 

con;bine 

compiler 

compatible 

consensus 

concession 

consolidate 

consistency 

consignee 

concrete 

ccmfiscate 

contingent 

connoisseur 

conduit 

copyist 

courtesy 

credence 

co<licil 

credential 

colleague 

collision 

coup 

criterion 

counsel 



104 



THE UNIVEB8AL SPELLING BOOK 



I: 





12. 




culinary 


currency 


cyclometer 


covetous 


curriculum 


coterie 


cognizant 


cordially 


counterfeit 


criticise 


coupon 


current 


contrast 


develop 


detriment 


celebrity 


desirable 


designer 


crisis 


dessert 


deliberate 


chauffeur 


designation 


d3ficiency 


chandelier 


13. 

despondency 


decipher 


copyright 


delegate 


derision 


deficit 


defendant 


derrick 


depreciate 


denominate 


default 


deponent 


delinquent 


dependent 


debentures 


debris 


detention 


despicable 


demoralize 


derogatory 


department 


damageable 


deprecate 


d( natch 


14. 
deception 


deleterious 


device 


defalcation 


demurrage 


decorative 


demise 


delirious 


deference 


decease 


discrepancy 


dissimilar 


dimension 


disqualify 


disbursement 


diagnosis 


dividend 


discipline 


dissolution 


diploma 


discriminate 


discretion 


diligently 



directory 

dispense 

diminutive 

disrountenance 

dutiable 

duplicate 

dynamo 

document 



donor 

dyeing 

dilemma 

ecstasy 

enterprise 

enamel 

enabling 

enthusiastic 



embellish 

enhance 

endorse 

embarrass 

esteemed 

electioneer 

eloquence 

executor 



PART V 

15. 

diffidence 

dilapidated 

dissect 

disposition 

egress 

economic 

efficient 

edible 

16. 

employment 

edition 

easement 

efficacy 

emergency 

engross 

environment 

enrolment 

17. 

enunciation 

erasure 

establish 

erroneous 

expedient 

exhaustible 

exaggerate 

exigency 



105 



dissent 

diaries 

dirigible 

distrain 

eleetiician 

embezzle 

emanate 

envelope 

effectual 

enumerate 

eminent 

emulate 

eradicate 

estimate 

epidemic 

essential 



equivalent 

eliminatf 

eligible 

equipped 

exceeding 

expiration 

exemption 

explicit 



10«) THE 


ITVIVERHAL SPEI.I.INO llOOK 1 




18. 




exorbitant 


extension 


emigrant 


excellence 


evidence 


exemplary 


exonerate 


exponent 


encomium 


equitable 


existence 


financial 


exchequer 


extenuate 


fraudulent 


excessive 


expedite 


forcible 


evolution 


extemporaneous 


fumigate 


expenditure 


executrix 


fresco 


facetious 


19. 

fluctuate 


feasible 


fascination 


fraternal 


franchise 


facsimile 


facilities 


fictitious 


fixtures 


fundamental 


frivolous 


fratricide 


forgery 


fidelity 


formally 


flexible 


fiscal 


forfeit 


faulty 


finale 


formidable 


finally 
20. 


finesse 


gauge 


graduate 


height 


guarantee 


guidance 


heinous 


government 


guardian 


hazardous 


gratuitous 


genuine 


hindrance 


granulated 


grantor 


habitual 


grievance 


gullible 


hypocrisy 


gymnasium 


glossary 


honorary 


gazette 


garnishee 


hereditary 



I'AliT V 



107 





21. 




hemorrhage 
lumieoiMitliy 


illogical 
illiterate 


interlacing 
institution 


humane 


inipossihle 


inevitable 


identificjiti >ii 


iilieit 


indicate 


infidelity 
illustrate 


implicit 
immigrant 


integrity 
inaccessii)Ie 


irrelevant 


impious 


indulgent 


iirepjirable 


impanel 

22. 

in(|uiry 


incendiary 


insist 


intervene 


inventory 


incorporate 


install 


intolerant 


incandescent 


insufficient 


influential 


interference 


inefficient 


invoice 
incidental 


indorsement 
intercourse 


inscription 
incessant 


intersperse 


inaugurate 


interstice 


insulation 


indispensable 
23. 


invalid 


incinerate 


iniquitous 


intercede 


intrinsic 
intangil)le 


inadmissible 
incongruous 


impede 
inclict 


intermittent 


instigate 


insidious 


ingredient 


incompetent 


indigenous 


intestate 


illusion 


indolence 


indenture 


imagine 


incumbent 


intelligible 


incipient 


indemnify 



108 



THE UNIVUUAL flPEIXINa BOOK 



I' 





24. 




insolvent 


indebted 


initiate 


immunity 


inconsistent 


inimitable 


indelible 


intersect 


inversely 


intrinsic 


infamous 


incipient 


incision 


indomitable 


impromptu 


insertion 


inseparable 


impertinent 


infallible 


indiscreet 


imminent 


intricate 


inoculate 


irritable 


irresistible 


86. 

infringement 


judicial 


illegible 


independent 


justify 


irregularity 


implement 


juvenile 


irretrievable 


impugn 


kodak 


illegal 


innuendo 


knowledge 


initial 


jeopardize 


kerosene 


inherent 


jurisdiction 


legacy 


injunction 


journalize 


lubricant 


laboratory 


26. 

lithograph 


lease 


ligament 


lieu 


lucrative 


larceny 


lading 


leisure 


luncheon 


liability 


livelihood B 


limitations 


lessen 


lineal 1 


litigation 


legitimate 


linoleum 1 


liniment 


liquidate 


libel 1 


lu uriant 


legible 


lien 1 



manufacture 

management 

malignant 

maritime 

manuscript 

marvellous 

manual 

maturing 

mileage 

monopoly 

morsel 

niissile 

morgue 

microbe 

mortuary 

miniature 

nominal 

negotiate 

negligence 

necessary 

nuisance 

notary 

numerical 

ninety 



PABT V 

27. 

maintenance 

mausoleum 

marital 

mandamus 

memorandum 

metre 

mercenaiy 

medium 

28. 

movable 

mechanician 

nnmeograpli 

misdemeanor 

misinterpret 

nionitor 

miscellaneous 

mucilage 

29. 
notable 
naturalize 
naphtha 
nicotine 
nocturnal 
nonentity 
negative 
narrative 



109 

memorable 

medically 

meritorious 

metropolis 

mercantile 

mediocre 

nieningitis 

mortgage 

millinery 

moneyed 

municipjil 

monetary 

monopoly 

minutia; 

monologue 

monogram 

nonpareil 

niche 

novitiate 

nutritious 

nascent 
oblivious 
obligation 
olniate 



i t 



m 



THE CNIVEK8AL SPELLING BOOK 



»: 



i 





SO. 




obedient 


occurred 


outrageous 


obituary 


owing 


opiate 


obxtinate 


organizer 


ordinance 


obtainable 


omission 


ordnance 


olivious 


opponent 


ostracise 


obstruct 


originally 


ominous 


obstacle 


onerous 


optimism 


observant 


opportune 


ostensible 


opemtion 


81. 

periodical 


jierennial 


occupation 


IJertneate 


jjaralysis 


opulent 


petition 


perishable 


officious 


jMirtition 


peritonitis 


pamphlet 


fwpier-maclie 


parsimony 


perceive 


pa!, listry 


panacea 


peaceable 


perimeter 


pavilion 


parchment 


perjury 


panel 


pessimism 


82. 

plagiarist 


preferred 


plumber 


paresis 


practicable 


plenteous 


propitious 


privilege 


pittance 


preponderance 


proprietor 


phlegm 


preliminary 


precedent 


plaintiff' 


promissory 


premium 


placiil 


precision 


prosecute 


pique 


prodigal 


premises 



proviso 

prudential 

presage 

prrmiontiile 

pr(){)oitioii 

preface 

pi'omiiu'iit 

preierahly 

ptomaiiio 

pyi-oteelinics 

perpetuity 

physique 

propagate 

protest 

pecuniary 

prevalence 



remonstrance 

remedy 

rarity 

refund 

refrigerator 

remunerative 

revise 

reputation 



PABT V 

83. 

practise 121 

piopliesy 

prerogative 

precinct 

prescience 

procedure 

pi'estige 

I)ro rata 

34. 

I)ersonate 

l)reanil)le 

portend 

•luotation 

•luarantine 

quit-claim 

quorum 

quandary 

35. 

recurrence 

reprimand 

rebate 

remittance 

resources 

registrar 

respectively 

recipi-oaite 



111 



punctual 

•"istscript 

pneumatic 

poison 

policy 

politics 

purveyor 

pinsuant 



receipt 

restaurant 

reimlmrse 

recollect 

re(|uisite 

renumerate 

revival 

reversion 



re(|nisition 

responsible 

reliability 

registration 

ledemption 

remand 

renewal 

reconnnend 






112 



THE UHIVEKMAL 8PEIXIN<t BOUK 



m 





86. 




retrieve 


recipient 


reversible 


retrospective 


raiment 


resuscitate 


reluctance 


i-emnant 


residential 


residuary 


recipe 


reclamation 


reticent 


ream 


rescind 


redupli ite 


replete 


receptacle 


recede 


reminiscence 


realty 


ratify 


renunciation 
87. 


repertoire 


replevin 


serviceable 


sequel 


rapacious 


satisfactorily 


satiate 


rendezvous 


sacrifice 


serial 


routine 


secede 


salvage 


rigorous 


semblance 


salient 


ritual 


separate 


signature 


remodelled 


session 


schedule 


rave'iing 


simultaneous 


saleable 




88. 




scrutinize 


speculate 


stationary 


sanatorium 


spermaceti 


stationery 


sinecure 


specialty 


sterilize 


schism 


speculation 


stereotype 


souvenir 


specie 


strategy 


soliciting 


specification 


surplus 


solvent 


specialize 


substantial 


soiree 


synonymous 


specimen 



Hiiperscrilie 

HUpt'rne(lo 

Huff'raffe 

Hupplenieiit 

summary 

8uh.stitiite 

Hu))p()ena 

Hiirrogiite 

HacrilegioiiN 
sustenance 
symptom 
tangible 
ariff 
tapestry 
acit 
testimony 



treatise 

typewriting 

tuition 

tlieoretical 

typography 

typical 

tuberculosis 

turbine 



PAKT V 

80. 

subsfantiato 
Hiirct) 

siipfrintondcnt 

susiuptiblo 

Hiibse(nient 

siiIxTliciai 

snrrt'ptitioiis 

surveillance 

40. 

femjKtrarv 

testator 

tenancy 

testamentary 

transferaitlc! 

texture 

tenfleney 

tenacious 

41. 

unintelligible 

usury 

utility 

unvalued 

ultimatum 

uni(jue 

unsaleable 

unmistakable 



113 



subterfuge 

subtle 

systeniaHe 

symlicate 

sync(»|H! 

succinct 

subtile 

sint^eure 



teclmi(|uu 

tourist 

toboggan 

trivial 

tenement 

tnivciling 

transient 

transcribe 



underrate 

utilitarian 

vi'.iiiing 

variable 

valirl 

vacillation 

variegated 

verbatim 



114 



THE UNIVEKSAL SPELLING BOOK 





42. 




verity 


vicissitude 


voluble 


venial 


vivacity 


vying 


veterinary 


villain 


vigilance 


vestige 


vignette 


vaccinate 


veneer 


voidable 


wholly 


verbal 


vocabulary 


waive 


vindicate 


voucher 


warranty 


vitriol 


voluntary 





PART VI 



•^sss ar .X " ■"*" '"" <"—" 



Abitibi 

Abyssinia 

Adelaide 

Aden 

Adirondac 

Adriatic 

Afghanistan 

Africa 

Ainsworth 

Alabama 

Alaska 

Albemi 

Alberta 

Albany 

Aleutian 

Alexandria 

Algeria 

Algiers 

Badajos 

Baden 



Alleghany 

Almonte 

Alsace 

Altai 

Amherst 

Amherstburg 

Amiens 

Amsterdam 

Andaman 

Andes 

Anglesey 

Anticosti 

Antigua 

Antilles 

Antioch 

Apennines 

Arabia 

Archangel 

Bagdad 

Bahama 



Archipelago 

Argentine 

Arizona 

Armagh 

Amprior 

Assiniboia 

Assiniboine 

Arkansas 

Atlanta 

Atlantic 

Athabasca 

Australia 

Austria 

Aylmer 

Ayr 

Azores 

Azof 

Babelmandeb 

Baikal 

Balearic 



116 



THE UNIVEK8AL 8PKLLING BOOK 



Balkan 


Belleville 


Brandon 


Balmoral 


Beloochistan 


Bradford 


Baltic 


Benares 


Brampton 


Baltimore 


Bengal 


Brantford 


Banff 


Berlin 


Bristol 


Bangkok 


Bermuda 


British Columbia 


Bangor 


Berne 


Brockville 


Barbadoes 


Berthier 


Brussels 


Barrie 


Birmingham 


Brituen 


Batavia 


Blenheim 


Breslau 


Battleforil 


Bolivia 


Bruges 


Beauharnois 


Bordeaux 


Buckingham 


Beauport 


Bombay 


Buenos Ayres 


Behring 


Bosphorus 


Buffalo 


Belfast 


Boston 


Bulgaria 


Belle Isle 


Bowman ville 


Cabul 


Belgium 


Bracebridge 


Cadiz 


Cairo 


Canton 


Cayenne 


Calais 


Caraquet 


Cayuga 


Calcutta 


Carberry 


Ceylon 


California 


Cardston 


Chaleur 


Calgary 


Caribbean 


Champlain 


Campbelltou 


Carleton Place Charlottetown 


Canada 


Carlisle 


Chatham 


Canary 


Carman 


Chaudiere 


Candahar 


Carolina 


Chautauqua 


Canso 


Carthage 


Chelsea 


Canterbury 


Castille 


Cheltenham 





PART VI 


117 


i 


Chesapeake 


Clinton 


Cornwall 




Chicago 


Coaticook 


Corunna 


\^ 


Chicoutimi 


Cobourg 


Cote.St. Antoine 




Chili 


Collingwood 


('oventry 




Chilliwack 


Cologne 


Cranljrook 


'i; 


Chimborazo 


Colorado 


Crimea 




Chippawa 


Comox 


Cronstadt 


:;H 


Christiania 


Coniuiiight 


Cumberland 


1 


Cincinnati 


Connecticut 


Cyprus 


■■J 


Cleveland 


Corfu 


Dakota 


% 


Dalhousie 


Dawson 


Detroit 


^^M 


Dalmatia 


Delaware 


Dnieper 




Danube 


Delhi 


Dniester 




Dardanelles 


Deloraine 


Dresden 


i 


Darien 


Denmark 


Drogheda 




Dartmouth 


Denver 


Dubuque 




Dauphin 


Deseronto 


Duluth 




Davenport 


Des Moines 


Ebro 


' 


Ecuador 


Emerson 


Escjuimalt 


( 


Edinburgh 


England 


Eu'ihrates 




Edmonton 


Ephesus 


E. jpe 




Egypt 


Epirus 


Everest 




Elbe 


Erie 


Falkland 




Farnho^m 


Florence 


P'raserville 




Fernie 


Formosa 


Fredericton 


\\. ■ ; 


Fiord 


Fort Steele 


Galicia 




Florida 


France 


Gait 




Galveston 


Gahyay 


Gananuque 

• 





118 



THE UNIVEE8AL SPELLING BOOK 



Gflnges 


Gibraltar 


Greenwich 


GenesHee 


Glace Bay 


Greenwood 


Genev.i 


Gladstone 


(iretna 


Genoa 


Glasgow 


Guelph 


Georgia 


Golden 


Guernsey 


Germany 


Gottingen 


Guiana 


Geysers 


Granby 


Guinea 


Ghent 


Grand Forks 


Hague 


Halifax 


Havre 


Himalaya 


Hamburg 


Hawaii 


Hindostan 


Hamilton 


Hawkesbury 


Hoang-Ho- 


Hampshire 


Hayti 


Honduras 


Harz 


Hebrides 


Honolulu 


Hastings 


Heidelberg 


Hull 


Hatteras 


Helena (St.) 


Hungary 


Havana 


Hereford 


Idaho 


Haverhill 


Hesnaler 


Illinois 


Indiana 


Ireland 


lUly 


Indianapolis 


Irrawaddy 


Jamaica 


Iowa 


Isthmus 


Japtm 


Java 


Jerusalem 


Juan Fernandi / 


Jena 


Joliet 


Kalamazoo 


Jersey 


Johannesburg 


Kamchatka 


Kamloops 


Kentucky 


Kingston 


Kansas 


Kenora 


Kingsville 


Kaslo 


Kildonan 


Korea 


Keewatin 


Killarney 


Kootenay 


Kurdistan 


Labrador 


Lachine 



Ladner 

Laggaii 

Lancaster 

Leamington 

Leicester 

Leipsie 

Leti' bridge 

Levis 

Lima 

Macassar 

M.ii kenzie 

Mackinac 

Maeleod 

Madagascai- 

Madeira 

Madras 

Madrid 

Maelstrom 

Magellan 

Maine 

Majorca 

Malay 

Malta 

Manchester 

Maisonneuve 

Manchuria 

Manito))a 
Manitou 



PART VI 

Lincoln 

Lindsiiy 

Lishon 

Listovvel 

Li-,ei'pool 

Longueuil 

London 

Louisliurg 

Louise 

Manitoulin 

Manjuette 

Marseilles 

Martini(|ue 

Massachusetts 

Matterhorn 

Mauch C!hunk 

Mauritius 

Mecca 

-Medicine Hat 

MelI)ourne 

Memphis 

Menai 

Messina 

Mense 

Mexico 

Michigan 

Michipicoten 

Milan 



119 



Louisville 

Los Angeles 

Louisiana 

Lowell 

LuceiTie 

Lueknow 

Luzon 

Lynn 

Lyons 

Milwaukee 

Minnedosii 

Minneapolis 

Minnesota 

Miramichi 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Mobile 

Mocha 

Moncton 

Montana 

Mont Blanc 

Moi>tercy 

Montevideo 

Montgomery 

Montmorency 

Montreal 

Moosejaw 

Moosomin 



120 



THE CNIVER8AL SPELLING BOOK 



Morden 

Morocco 

Moscow 

Niintucki't 

Naj)aiU'i^ 

NaplcH 

NiU'rafliinsctt. 

Natal 

Neliraska 

Nelson 

Neejmwa 

Nepigon 

Netherlands 

Nevada 

Nuliia 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Omaha 

Ontiirio 

Orangeville 

Pacific 

Paisley 

Palestine 

Pamjjas 

Panama 

Paris 

Paraguay 

Pekin 



Monnt^iin View 

Moyio 

Mozaml)ii|U(^ 

Newark 

New Hrnnswiek 

Newcastle 

Newfoundland 

New (iuinea 

New Haven 

New IIanii)shire 

New Orleans 

New iWestminster 

New York 

New Zealand 

Oei mia 

Oregon 

Orillia 

Orinoco 

Orkneys 

Osliavva 

Pembroke 

Penetanguishene 

Pennsylvania 

Pere Marquette 

Persia 

Peru 

Peterborb 

IV'trolea 



Munich 

Nakusp 

Nanaimo 

Niagara 

Nicaragua 

N ice 

Nicolet 

Niger 

Nile 

Nipi.ssing 

Northfield 

Norwiiy 

Norwich 

Nova Scotia 

Odessa 

Oshkosh 

Oswego 

Ottawa 

Owen Sound 

Ozark 

Piiiladelphia 

Philippines 

Pha.'nix 

Picton 

Pittsburgh 

Platte 

Plymouth 

Poitiers 



tAKT VI 



l^oland 

Pompeii 

Portage la Prairie 

Portkiul 

Port au Prince 

Port Essington 

Pyrenees 

Queensland 

Kenfrew 

Regina 

Revelstoke 

Rheiins 

Rhode Island 

Rhodesia 

Rutland 

Saghalien 

Saginaw 

Saguenay 

Sahara 

Saint Boniface 

Saint Hyacintlie 

Salisbury 

Samoa 

San Diego 

Saiulon 

San Francisco 

San Jose 

San Juan 



Port Hope 

I'ort Moody 

I'orto Rico 

Portsmouth 

Portugal 

Potomac 

Qu'Appelle 

Quito 

Richelieu 

Richmond 

Ri<ieau 

Kimouski 

Rio Grande 

Rio Janeiro 

Sackville 

Santa Cruz 

Santa Fe 

Santiago 

Sarnia 

Saskatchewan 
Savoy 

Sault St. 
Marie 
Scotland 
Scranton 
Seattle 
Seine 
Selkirk 



121 

Poughkeepsie 
Prescott 
I'riiK li All-ert 
Pnnce Edward 

Island 
Providence 
Quehec 
Raleigh 
Rocluister 
Rome 
RoHsland 
Rouen 
Roumania 
Russia 
Sacramento 
Servia 
Shanghai 
Shelburne 
Sherbrooke 
Siam 

Sierra Leone 

Seoul 

Sinai 

Singapore 

Sioux 

Slocan 

Smyrna 

Socotra 



I 



i 122 THE 


UNIVERSAL SPELLING 


BOOK 


SomerHet 


St. C'atharines 


Strathroy 


Soi'cl 


St. Joim 


Suez 


Souris 


St. Lawren((! 


Sumatra 


Soutlmnipton 


St. Louis 


Summerside 


Spain 


St. I'aul 


Sus(|uehanna 


Spitzbcrjieii 


St. Petersburg' 


Sweden 


Springhill 


Stratford 


Switzerland 


Stockholm 


Stiathcon.i 


Sydney 


Syracuse 


Tacoma 


Tadousac 


Tangier 


Three Rivers 


Trail 


Tasmania 


Tierra del Fuego 


Transviuil 


Tchad 


Tiiubuctoo 


Trenton 


Teheran 


Tobolsk 


Trinidad 


Temiscaming 


Tokio 


Tripoli 


Teneriffe 


Toledo 


Truro 


Tennessee 


Topeka 


Tunis 


Terre Haute 


Toronto 


Turin 


Texas 


Toulon 


TurkesUm 


Thames 


Toulouse 


Tuikev 


Thebes 


Tracaciie 


Tyrol ' 


Thibet 


Trafalgar 


Ungava ' 


United States 


Uruguay 


Utica 


Ural 


Utah 


Utrecht 


Valencia 


Venice 


Victoria 


Valleyfield 


Vera Cruz 


Vienna 


Valparaiso 


Vermont 


Virden 


Vancouver 


Versailles 


Virginia 


Venezuela 


Vesuvius 


Vistula 



Past vi 



123 



Volga 


Vosges 


Wales 


Westniount 


Warwick 


Wetiiskiwin 


Warsaw 


Wheeling 


Washington 


Wight 


Waterloo 


Wilkesharre 


Wellington 


Windsor 


Yarniouth 


Yniir 


Yenisei 


Yokohama 


Ynkon 


Zanzibar 


Zambesi 


Zuider /ee 



Wabash 

Winnipeg 

Woodstofk 

Woolwich 

Worcester 

Wyoming 

Yungtse Kiang 

Ypsilanti 

Yucatan 

Zurich 



t'l 



PART VII 



Words of limlUr sound, but spslled differently and having different 
meanings. 

Note I.— Pupils nhouhl find the meuniiig of tliv following wonls 
in the dictionary, unit write Hhort HentoncuH illuNtratinj^ their und. 

Nt>TK 2. -Pupils should also write from memory wonN, not, xAown 
in (bin tint^ which also huve nimilur Roundn and are ftpelled differently 
and liave different meaniuga. 

1. 



air 


ere, heir ' 


aunt 


ant 


ale 


ail 


ate 


eight 


all 


awl 


aught 


ought 


alter 


altar, halter 


assent 


ascent 


bade 


i 

bad 


telle 


bell 


bale 


bail 


bear 


bare 


bawled 


ball, baUl 


' beer 


bier 


bard 


barred 


passed 


past 


bruise 


{ 

})rews 


t. 

bred 


- bread 


beau 


bow, bough 


bridal 


bridle 


buy 


by 


bowl 


liole 


birth 


berth 


beach 


beech 



124 





PAI 


IT VII 


12 






4. 




Briton 
berry 
brute 
blew 


Britain 
bury 
bruit 
blue 


lesson 
bate 
calenda 
chaste 


lesson 
bait 

wdender 
chased 


cruel 
climb 
clause 
coarse 


crewel 
clime 
claws 
course 


6. 

cord 
tied 
canvas 
corps 


chonl 
tide 

canvas's 
core 


colonel 
canon 
cession 
choler 


e 

kernel 
cannon 
session 
collar 


t. 

ceiling 
cellar 
ode 
cent 


sealing 
seller 
owed 
scent sent 


site, cite 
choir 
cygnet 
creek 


7 

sight 
quire 
signet 
creak 


coward 
chews 
currant 
desert 


cowered 
choose 
current 
dessert 


dear 
doe 
need 
dun 


8 
deer 
dough 
knead 
done 


die 
dost 
dire 
ewe 


dye 
dust 
dyer 
yew 





12(5 


THE VNIVEBHAL 


BPF.M.INa BOOK 




earn 
duo 
see 
exercise 


S 

urn 
<lew 
sea 
exorcise 

IC 


faint 
fain 
no 
fair 


feint 

fane, feign 
know 
fare 




feet 
fore 
forth 
fowl 


feat 
four 
fourth 
foul 

11 


flour 
flocks 
Jane 
gate 


flower 
phlox 
jeiin 
gait 


' 


threw 
gilt 
gilder 
grate 


through, 
guilt 
guilder 
great 

1 


grater 
side 
meet 
grisly 

2. 


greater 
sighed 
meat, mete 
grizzly 




flue 
gored 
Greece 
guest 


flew 
gourd 
grease 
guessed 

1 


gambol 
hale 
hall 
! hair 

3. 


gamble 
hail 
haul 
hare 




board 
rabbit 
holy 
hvmn 


bored 
rabbet 
wholly 
him 


hoes 
indite 
our 
lain 


hose 
indict 
hour 
lane 





PART VII 


127 






14. 


! 


hero 
lax 
mean 
mail 


hear 
lacks 
mien 
male 


main 
nnght 
manner 
mantle 

6. 


mane 
mito 
manor 
mantel 


marshal 
metal 
medal 
mower 


martial 
mettle 
meddle 
more 


nuxh; 
niiieoiis 
nice 
nuilu 


moucd 
nmcus 
gneiss 
mewl 




16. 




missed 
mm 
ore 
paU 


mist 
none 
oar, o'er 
pale 

1 


one 
prize 
pane 
plane 

7. 


won 
pries 
pain 
plain 


plains 
plait 
praise 
pallet 


planes 
plate 
preys 
palate 

11 


pair 
peace 
peal 
peak 

I. 


pare, pear 
piece 
peel 
pique 


peer 

please 

plum 

pour 


pier 

pleas 

plumb 

poi-e 


principal 
peilal 
prophet 
pumice 


principle 
peddle 
profit 
pomace 



128 



THE UNIVEESAL SPELLING BOOK 



19. 



practice 


practise 




red 


read 


quarts 


quartz 


i 


read 


reed 


rein 


rain, reign 


1 
1 


right, rite 


write 


raise 


rays, raze 




rote 


wrote 






20. 




wretch 


retch 




scene 


seen 


rude 


rood 




sale 


sail 


lutt' 


rough 




saleable 


sailable 


rye 


wry 




sleight 


slight 






21. 




serge 


surge 




sailor 


sailer 


so 


sow 




succor 


sucker 


steel 


steal 




style 


stile 


soul 


sole 


2 


symbols 
2. 


cymbals 


tail 


tale 




two 


too, to 


tacks 


tilX 




their 


there 


travel 


tr.; -ail 




throne 


thrown 


throws 


throes 


2 


tolled 
3. 


told 


thyme 


time 




wade 


weighed 


vain 


vein, vane 




way 


weigh 


vide 


vied 




wait 


weight 


vial 


viol 




waste 


waist 



PART VTJT 



DICTATION EX^kUoiiy 

Illustrating the use of some of th. „,ore difficult words in the 
preceding parts of the book. 

REV"J1-;\VS (JF I'AKT I 
He used a.i erase.- to erase tl.e w..r,I "dairy." wlneh lie 
had wntteu hy mistake for "d.ary - i. a pamphlet 

The subjects I like best are grau.n.ar, hygieue, arith- 
metic and geography. 

She was absent from school for two months. She had 
an atta.k of measles followed bv catarrh. 

The laborer grew f5ne rhubarb in his garden, and he 
gave some to the janitor. 

We had a pleasant tin>e playing cro,,uet with the sur- 
geon and the sculj.tor last \\-ednesday 

ent!^r',7''' ' f """"' ™""*^ '""" ''^'" ^''^ ^-^ <"^S^' to 
enter the academy. .j b <■" 

^^^He^wore moccasins, a.id had gaiters buckled ro,n,d his 

emll^i^^r' ""^ ""^ ^'""' "' '""''"' ' "■"""" ''"" °^ 
Each skein was spun by my niece. 
® 128 



130 



THE UNIVERSAL SPELLING BOOK 



The editor tried to play the surveyor and tlun ran away 
but he was caught by tlie sheriff who followed him in a 
sleigh. 

My pigeon Hew from the back of the heifer to the back 
of the pony. 

The captain would allow no nonsense on his yacht. 

I do not believe that he received the chisel before the 
twelfth of January. 

You should separate those two boys and keep them in 
separate seats. 

John used a sickle to cut some timothy in the 
meadow. 

His Majesty the King is the finest sovereign of his 
dynasty. 

The governor was an autocrat whose tyranny nearly 
led the government, the parliament, and the populace 
into rebellion. 

The viceroy was a patriot who was loyal to his 
monarch, and he deserved the monument that was 
erected to his memory. 

The avalanche destroyed in a few minutes the results 
of centuries of development. 

The policemen kept the "way clear for the mayor and 
his sovereign, on their way to the council chamber, 
where they were received by the aldermen. 



REVIEWS OF PART IV 

The missionaries did their best to ameliorate the con- 
dition of the aborigines and reduce their appalling death 
rate. 



PART VIII 



131 



The pastor had an attack of a,,o,,loxv as h. was 
walking ,n the : ,sle towards the altar " 

The a.torney and tlie bailiflf were unal.le to .ecnre 
udmmance because tliey found a hi^rher authority 
already m cha.-ge of the criminal. ^ 

The brigadier led his battalion to victory with fixed 
bayonets, and then the soldiers bivona.-ked at the foot 
of the mountain. 

The thief and his accomplice committed burglary iu 
the home of a bachelor who ha.l retire,! from business. 

The beauteous and brilliant daughter of the chorister 
was the belle of the bazaar. 

The captain was the constant companio.i of his chief- 
tain during the campaign, and saved his life in' the 
attack on the citadel. 

The conscientious cashier refused to accept counterfeit 
money. 

The committee made a „ ,'.,1 comparison of the 
different exhibits at the Ce . d, and reported their 
criticisms to the directors. 

He was so cynical, so changeable, and .so tvrannical 
that he was called " the czar" 

My cousin threw chestnuts at the chandelier 
The captious colonel led the cavalry to the ravine 
wtiere the enemy was concealed. 

He was criticised because he lit a cigar iu the ehapel 
festivar ' " ""^ "^ «l'o^^<'late at a Christmas 

He was condemned for his lack of chivalry. 
The defendant was charged with stealing chicory and 



132 



THK INIVKliSAL Hl'EI.I.lNd ll(H)K 



11 



confectionery. His dcint'iiiior iiidiciitcd (liat lie hhs a 
desperate charaeter. 

He was cordially received when lie threw off his 
disjfuise, and revealed liis extraordinary ability. 

After his debauch he became delirious, and had to be 
placed >inder control. 

The demagogue was discomfited l>y the proof of his 
dishonor. 

The despatch states that a ba-; of diamoiuls mys- 
teriously disaj)peared from the depot. 

The dwarf exhibited many eicenlricitic s, some of 
which were embarrassing to his friends who were eager 
to save him from his enemies. 

The eminent electrician h)st his e((uilibrium and fell 
from the edifice. 

The facetious editor wrote a humorous epitapli. 

They fought ferociously on the frontier last Feliruary. 

S(mie frolics(mie young men in gorgeous costunu>s 
paraded through the town on the flfteeiith of December. 

The freckled g^ psy with the gaudy clothes played the 
guitar well and gave a good gymnasti.', exhiliition. 

The height of the giant gorilla was more than si.\ 
feet. 

He had a humorous hypothesis for everything, and we 
were therefore continuously liilarious. 

The immense army attacked with such impetuous 
force that they were irresistible and iuvincilile. and the 
defeat of the enemy was irretrievable. 

He was a good speaker, jocular and impressive, but 
his remarks are sometimes irrelcvaut. 



I'AHT \ in 



i;;;! 



I tl,^,^,,,,,,..,,jki,,jrvvh..Mh.t,-i..,l,o initiate,,.,. 
innoee„(M'. J"^|'u^ 

I" mv .i,>,lfjm,.„t .1,,. .JH„it..,- is ffuilty of l,m.e„v a„d 
should 1m. ,„„iisl„.d for l,is knav,.,.y. 

Tl,e lie„„.,uu,t o,u„,. to th. l„>„.h,.o,. i„ „ I,,,,,,,.!,, „„d 
r('t,i,.iii.d on 11 ioco„,otiv... 

I .sa«' u lio„, a leopa,-d, and a lynx in th. .n.nagerie. 

Tl„.,v is every likelihood of the ,.>..anizatio„ of a 
Ieairnetop„,.,fy,;,„|,i,,i,,„i,,,.,iti,,^ 

th,-0H ,ng ,n,ss..les at, the ,u,.yo,.\s ,.a,Tiage. 

S<.>,ie of the militi.. I.eeanie' ,nuti„o,.s, l.„t thev were 
quieted ... tn..e to p.-evei.t a .nassaere. 

The ,neel.a,.i. with the red nun.staehe l,ee.^me ,nela„- 

mlu-riaj ' '' " """■'^"'"' '■" ^"' '"■"P"'-^>- "ff^''- '-^ 

The mnsieia,. says that in n,onntaino,.s dist,.i,.ts he 
otte.. sees i„ag,iitleeiit ineteoi's. 

a ttaef T >'""■"!•"'<'»« ^.v«'->'. and ,.ot be so iiable t., 
attacks ot i.e.i.'alKia. 

% nephev^ is payinjr atte..tio.. t,. the ,.ieee of ,^,. 
ne.ghbo,-. She is an orphan. '' 

The onion has a stroi.ir odo.-. 

The o,.,Uo>. advise,! „s to avoid the nse of obsee... 
"'"' "''^"'''»- '■•'.ijrnage on all oeeasions. 



134 



THE UNIVERSAL SPELLING BOOK 






'M 



My predecessor was dismissed for tiirowing obstacles 
in tlie way of an officer who was discharging his duty. 

It is the privilege of every free man to petition for his 
rights. 

When the politicians were picnicking, a penniless 
peddler asked them for a pittance. 

The pedagogue tried to persuade the pagan to give up 
pretence and follow principle. 

The policeman found a brace of prodigious pistols on 
the prairie. 

We ate our porridge on the piazza, within a few yards 
of the precipice. 

The peasantry occupy homes that are by no means 
palatial. 

The chemists have discovered a new process by which 
they can purify petroleum. 

The pious patriarch had a slight attack of paralysis, 
but he is now ill with pneumonia. 

It is a pernicious practice to practise theft. Such a 
practice is sure to lead to the penitentiary. 

I lost my parasol on the pinnacle of the pavilion. 
The plaintiff made a pitiful plea for compensation lor 
the mistake of the physician. 
They uad a quarrel about a bag of potatoes. 
The ruffian was caught in his rendezvous. He did not 
receive his punishment yet, because the judge granted 
him a reprieve. 

I recognized him at a reception in the reformatory. 
It is ridiculous to attempt to reconcile such conduct 
with a truly religions man's life. 



PART VIII 



135 



The boy admired tlie splendor of the gold laee on the 
.hoiilder of tlie soldier last Saturday. 

A shrewd and sensible man will not eat or drink what 
will injure his stomach. 

Try and separate the tangles of this skein of yam. 

The pen will some day supersede the scimitar. 

The supremacy of the king is admitted by all. 

The scholars allow the squirrel to play in the yard of 
the school without trying to hurt him. 

The sachem gave me this sceptre as a souvenir. 

A satchel would be a suitaole present for a surgeon. 

The lecturer skilfully showed the relation of science 
to religion. 

That stylish sergeant squanders most of his salary for 
clothes. 

The new soprano sings like a seraph. 

There has never been any good reason for a suspicion 
that he was plotting for the succession to the throne. 

The telegraph and the telephone are two of the 
greatest inventions of modern times. 

He has fine talents, but he is a traitor and a tyrant. 

The Indian threw his tomahawk and killed the settler 
on the threshold of his home in the new territory. 

The tailor has a bad toothache. 

The union passed a unanimous vote of sympathy with 
the unsuccessful candidate. 

The villain was guilty of various kinds of violence in 
the village, and he finally stole a valise. 

She proved to be very versatile as we sat on the 
veranda on Wednesday evening. 



136 



THE UNIVEIWAL HPELLINd BOOK 



The wizard wore a woollen cloak that wholly I'ovfred 
his body. 

Several ^ ■ men wituessed the attaek of the wily wretch 
who fatally wielded his weapon on the wharf. 

The wheelwright was wretirhed, but he would not 
yield to the yeoman. 

The boys went up the road whisiling and whooping 
yesterday. 

REVIEWS OK HART V 

Were you aetiuainted with the accountant wl>o ab- 
sconded ? 

Abstinence from alcohol may enable you to accumu- 
late wealth. 1 

He made an affidavit to pi-ove an alibi for his 
amanuensis. 

The assignee was taken to the shop of the apothecary 
in an ambulance. 

The athletic attorney easily outran the assessor. 

The apprentice had a successful operation for ap- 
pendicitis. 

The auditor received an anonymous letter charging 
him with having too great au appetite. 

The auctioneer was appointed arbitrator between the 
architect and his bookkeeper. 

The aqueduct was built by authority of the city. 

The barrister was his benefactor and saved him from 
bankruptcy. 

The claimant made a catalogue of the chattels, and a 
statement of the amounts chargeable against the estate. 



PART VIII 



137 



Tlie citjiitalist iii-jtfil cleineiu-y after hi; Iwul ivail tin' 
del'loi-'s ijcrtiHcatf. 

T le clpricttl iiointiiittee rei-omiiifiKli'd a (compromise, 
which was a conimKiidahle cmirse to achipt. 

After a iconferfni'H with th iitractor we deciileil to 

use eoncrete for tlie foundation 

The coroner told tlie jiir\ tJMt he thoiijrlit tlieri' wuh 
conclusive evidence of u ooiiH|)iiiu v. 

The counsel read a codicil to the will as collateral 
evidence. 

The chauffeur a<counted for the deficiency in power liy 
saying that the lairrent was not properlv turned on. 
He wa.i a delegate to the copyright convention. 

He could not decipher the despatch al>out the decease 
of his friend. 

The discovery of tlie defalcation led to the dissolution 
of the partnershij). 

She worked diligently and with great discretion for her 
diploma. 

The electrician made a duplicate copy of tlii' new 
dynamo which he inv(nte<l, an' which lii' claime<l to he 
a very excellent and economic machine. 

The employment of the most eminent men available in 
the emergency was tli<> i-ssential step to era<liiate the 
epidemic. 

The enrolment of enthusiastic men enabled him to 
estalilish his great factory successfullv. 

His ehxiuence and the clearness of liis enunciation, 
together with his explicit statement of facts, enabled him 
to win his case. 



138 



THE UNIVERSAL SPELLING BOOK 



He iB an eligible young man who in highly cBteemed hy 
those who know him In-st. 

The evidence of hiH exemplary conduct exonerated him 
from the charge of fraudulent financial transactions. 

The excessive expenditure was fully justified by the 
excellence of the work. 

The government appointed him guardian for the 
guidance of the young graduate. 

It is illogical to insinuate that because an immigriiiit is 
illiterate he must therefore be lacking in integrity. 

I wish could inaugurate some plan to put an end to 
his incessant intolerance. 

After a judicial trial before a court of competent juris- 
diction the indemnity had to ))e paid. 

The judgment of the cou'' was that the jouiialist was 
guilty of libel, and therof( re ,■, nle for damages. 

We had the privilege of meeting the proprietor of the 
pavilion. 

He made systematic efforts to get the superintendent to 
supersecb him. 

He wrote a treatise on the tariff which he published 
anonymously. 

She made a vignette of the villain who threw tlie vitriol. 



W'-' 



PART IX 



ETYAIOLOOV 



A. LATIN AND GREEK ROOTS 

LATIN EOOTS 

aceP (ocri»), »har|t— acriil, acridity, acrimony, acorliity, eager. 

ftOlduSt »our--ttcid, acidity, acidulu-e. 

acUO, I sharpen— acute, ly, iie»«, acumen. 

tedes, a house— edifice, edit y, iiation, unedifying. 

tequus, eiiual -equalize, ciiuality, e(iuator, equation, equable : ade 

quale, equinox, equity, iniquity. 
BStimO, I value— estimate, estinii'lile, estimation ; esteem. 
ager (agri), a field -ajre, agrarian, peregrinate, pilgrim : agriculture, 

■a!, -ist. 
aCrSrer, a heap— exaggerate, exajtueration. 
ago Uiclua), I do- act, m.tor, activity, ii.tnate, exact, transact; agent, 

agitate, cogent, damage, inauiige, ujtile, agility ; virago. 
allenus, belonging to another— alien, ate, ated, ation, able. 
alo, I nourish— aliment, -nted, ation, iveness. 
alter, another,- alter, naie, nation, -cation ; subaltern. 
altUS, high— altitude, exalt, ation ; altar. 
amo (amicus), I love— amity, amicable, amiable, amorous, amatory, 

enamoured, inimical, enmity, enemy. 
amplUS, large— ample, ampli, .fy, fication, -tude. 
angro (ailjri), I vex— anger, angry, anguish, anxiety, anxious, -ly. 
angulus, a corner— angle, angular, rectangular, triangular, quod 

rangle. 

anlma, the soul or life— anim, -al, ate, ation, -alcule ; inanimate. 
animus, the mind— unanimous, animosity, equanimity, 
annus, a year -annual, biennial, perennial, millenium ; anmiK 
aiinivenrary, annuity, annular, eunlcnary. 
139 



140 



THE T'NIVEBHAL 8PELLIVO HOOK 



i!i 



anttQUUS, 'till or HOPioiit iiiitM|iH'. itiidiiiiit.v. itiitH|iiiiliil. iiiili- 

i)tiariaii ; until-. 
ftporlOt I o|M.'n ti[M>rieut, a|>ertur« ; April. 
app6ll0( I I'lill — ii|i|>eiil, ap|iell iitive, iitlnii. 
aptO* I Ht— adapt, apt, -itiMlc, -ly, -dcnh, u(le(rt. inept, itiule, ly, 

- rit!HH. 
RQUft, water —mpieouM, Hipiatif, iu|ue(lu<'t, ttTifuincoti". iti|MiiiiiMn. 
arblt6r« an ninpirc, a jiid^ -ar)iiU<r, arliiti arc. !iiii..i, at \ , alia, 

OHM. 

arbor, a tree— arWor, -eouM, -eHceiit, -^ttnii, i^t, 

arceO) I ^'"'t up, ^«■^traill -<'iH.Tft', ci»en'ivp, i-iKTiinn ; exerciw. 

arCU9« a Imiw — arc, arca'lu, arc)i, arctu-r, archery. 

ardOOt I hiini—anlent, ar<)or, arduous, ar'>«nn. 

arCTUOf I arjjue — ar|»ucr, ar^fumtMit, atinn, ative. 

arnia, ann^ — arm, ■<)r, -orer, ory, -y, -amiMit, laial. -inticf ; di-^nrin, 

unartntMl. 
aPO, I ploiiffli -arutile, iimrahte, uration. 
Bninrt), art -ait, -int, -i'^an, riric*e, -iHcial. -tiil, -lt-.H: tntrt, inert 

neHH, inertia. 
artUS ("'''ic»/(m), a joint artiole, artini lat*", aU'il, -Htel\, -ation ; 

inarticulate. 
asper, rough— aH|)erity, aspirate, -ution ; exa>H|ifr-at«', -atiim. 
atrOX, cruel — atrocity, atroiriouM, iiu>>4. 
audio, I hear — ami-it, -tor, itory, -ieiH'e, -ilile; iriiiuiiit>le. 
aUgreO i"'"'''*^), I i"<"''oa-»e — au^nnent, ation; ani-lion, -eer, aii^ru-^t . 

-tiiinti ; author, -ily ; auxiliary, unanthm i/t-d, 
aUFtS, the ear aurist, auricle, aurioular ; au-'culattou, 
avaruS, yree<ly - avarice, avaricious, -ly, -ness. 
aviduS, eager — avidity. 

barba, a beard — liarlt, Imrbefl, barl>er, Ijarhel. 

barbaPW rude, sava^^e— harliarian, IkuKu-oum, -ity, -ize, -ism, -ic. 

bOatUS, l essed— lieatitufle, lieauty, Ifeatitic. 

bollum, war — V>ellijrerent, re>«,'l, reV)ellion. 

b6ne, well {ii'**-'l in comjiOKifioH, — l>enofit, t»enevolent, lienisou, 

lienefice, beneticeut. 
blbo, I drink- imbibe, bib, bibber, bibulous, l)ibaciouM ; winobibber. 
bis ('>i), twii-e— bi|MMl, bisect, biscuit, binary, coinbine. 
bonus, good—boon, bounty, bounteous, Imiintiful. 



PAUT IX 141 

breViS, «li..rl -liner. I.n..|lv. I.n.vin, „l,l,r,.v, ut,-. -,iti„„, „|,„. ; 

I'lcviiiiy. 
brUtUS, -I I- l.iiiial, (,,„, ,.y: l,r„li.h. h. ,„-. ; ni.l.iulo. 

OadO (...., ri,h. I l,>il--,,„|„„,.,., ,,,«,, ,,„u|,i, ,,,.,„.|, ,,,„. ,. 

'"■''" '• "'■'•"'<»"«, ■•uin.i.l.-. .■ ...il ■,.. ,(,.,,,(, ,|,.,.i,l,„„„, 

illi'i'lf'iit. otrciilflit, orrti«i(Mi. 

ondo 1."/, ,;.i, , ^ „„„, ..o„ri«.. ,i,«.i,ir. .i,...,s,v,.. ,|,-,.,„„„ 

ev.-i„o„, ,„n,l„n, ,,re.'i«.-. |„,.,.i,j„„ ; ho„,„.„|,.. „.„„.„|„. ,„|,.|,|e, 

calculus, M ht.le ,,el,l,l„ -,.,.l,.Mlu.,.. ,,.l,.„l„l,l„, .,.tu„,, „l.,r- 
ini^i.'.iliiihin.. iii.-aliiiliil.li'. 

candeo, i >»„ wiiitf, i »i,n u,„i„i. .■,„„i„i;,i,.. ,.,„„i„r, „„,„iu. ; 

iiii'cnst!, iiiirtiiitive. 

"*'"' ' '»■ ' "'"tf ••"•"• '""f.'!.-. .Iiant I,;.,,,., n„-a,>rul,„„, 

rt-fiint, uoreiit. 

eaplllus, n Imir «ii|iilliin, ia|.illnr in, lapillilui In. 

OaplOlr./,, ,„,^i I ,ak„ .cii,.,il,l,., -uH™,,, nrity. u,.il„,,.; „.|,t.|ous. 

IV.., -ivat,-. iH, lire; ex.-,.|,t, pr»..„,,t, ii,t,-n'i-|.t ; t-i.lvu, ,1,. 

'■""■''' '" '■"• 'W'fil't, recipient, aceeptulion, wcupatioii. pit. 

reptnr, receptai-le, silMOeptihilitv. 
caput lr.,,,„i.i. the iMiiU-raipitai, napitulatf, nu,,., ™pl.a,ii. .-I,,,!,!.., 

preiipitute, prwipii^e, ri-i'apitulate. 
earo imnii.), flesh- ii„-ariial.., earn..!. ,-al iiaj.'e. .■.rnival, .•arrioii, 

<-airii>,0, fariiivi)ri)ii<4. 
CauO, 11 naii«o~.aus«ti.)ii, ar.-u>.i-. exi'use, lenusiint. 
eaveo (.v,„0, to 1« on oneV Kunr.!- .antioii. .aulioiis -Iv, -tie,,, prn 

oaiition. 
CaVUS, Il .!(. ■ r„ , . , , ucrii, noneave. cuvitv, ixcavatc 

OedO {■;. ,, ( _,„.i,i, I g„ eede, ,tss,„„, eeav, oe„aM„n. a,e 

coiH.ede, exoeeil, precede, piocec.!, recede, .succeed, rece»s, 
BiicccH-i, -ive, -ion, etc. 
celer, »»ift_celerily, aci-eleralc. 

Celeber, icnuwneil— .•elel)ratu, -utetl, ation, celebrity. 
CelSUS, high -excel, excellent, excellence, excelsior. 
censeo, I jiuice, I hlame ccn,or, censorious, censure, consuralile. 
centrum, the centre- central, centrical ; centri|)eUl, iwntnfugal, 

concentrate, concentric ; ecr^cntric. 
centum, a hundred -century, centurion ; cental^., centesimal. Mnti. 
podc. 



142 



THE UNIVERSAL SPELLING BOOK 



I 



,' I 



!' > 



ill 



Cerno {cret), I judge — certain, certify, concern, decree, discern, 

discreet, secrete, secret, secretary. 
circus, a circle — circlet, circular, circulate, circuit, encircle, semi* 

circle. 
CitO, I call or rouse — cite, citation, excite, -ment, incite, recite, 
recitation, resuscitate. 

dvis, a citizen — civic, city, civil, -iaii, -ity, -ize, -ization, uncivil. 

'^lamo, I cry out — claim, acclaim, clamor, clamorous, declamation, 
exclaim, proclaim, proclamation, reclaim. 

clams, clear, bright — clear, clearance, clarify, declare, declaration. 

elaudo {clnd, dm), I close— close, closet, cloister, conclude, conclu- 
sion, include, inclose, recluse, seclusion. 

Clemens, merciful, mild— clement, clemency, inclement, inclemency. 

CllnO, I bond— decline, declension, declivity, incline, inclination, 
acclivity, recline. 

COlO (ct(/0, 1 cultivate — cultivated, colony, colonist, colonial, colonize, 
culture, agriculturist, occult. 

COlO, I strain— colander, eolation, percolate, percolation. 

COmmoduS, convenient — commodious, commodity, incommode. 

COP (cordin), the heart— core, cordial, courage; concord, concordance, 
discord, record, accord, accordant'. 

OOPnu, a horn — corn, cornet, corneous, cornice, unicorn. 

COPOna, a crown — crown, coronation, corolla, coronet, coroner. 

corpus (torpor), the body— corporal, corporate, corporation, cor- 
poreal, corpulent, corpse, corpuscle, incorporate. 

CPedO, I trust, I believe— creed, credit, credible, creditor, credential, 
credulous, incredulity, accredit. 

CPeo, I make — create, creator, creation, creature, creative, recrea- 
tion. 

creSCO icnt), I grow— crescent, accretion, concretion, excresence, 
decrease, increase, increment. 

crimen, a crime — criminal, crimination, recrimin-ate, -ation. 

CPUduS, raw, unriiJO — crude, crudity, crudeness. 

JBPUX {cruc), a cross — crucify, crucifixion, cruciform, crucible, crusade, 
excruciate, crosier, cross. 

cube, or oumbO, I lie down — cumber, cumbent, cumbrance, incubus, 
accumbent, incumbent, recumbent, succumb. 

culpa, a fault— culpable, culpability, culprit, inculpate, exculpate. 

cumulus, a heap — cumulative, aocumul-ate, -ation, -ator. 



i 



il 



PART IX 



143 



eura, care-cure, curate, curacy, curious, accurate, secure, sinecure 
CUrPO (-•.,>•,), I run-current, curricle, courier, concur, incur, occur 

recur, succor, course, concurrence, discourse, incursion, pre- 

cursor. 

OUPVUS, crooked— curve, curvature, curvate, incurvate. 

damno, I oondemn-damage, condemnable, condemnation, indem- 

nify. 

debeo, I owe-deWt, debt, debtor, del«nture, indebtedness. 
deoet. It IS l)ecoming-deoent, decency, decorate, decoratioi, decor- 
ous, indecorous. 
deleo, I blot out, I destroy-delete, indelible, deleterious, ly -ness 
aeUelae, delight-delicacy, delicate, -ly, .„e.s», delicious 
dens (,h,U), a tooth-denUil, dentist, dentifrice, dentition, indent 

indenture, trident. 
densus, thick— dense, density, condense, condensation. 
dens, a god— deify, deity, deist, deism, deilication. 
dleo {dicta), I set aparl^-dedicate, dedicatory, abdicate, index 

mdicate, mdicative, predicate, predicament, adjudicate. 
dexteP, right-handed-dexter, dexterity, dexterous, ly, -ne.ss 
dlco (rfic/), I say-diction, dictate, dictator, dictatorial, addict, bene- 
diction, contradiction, edict, interdict, valedictory, verdict. 
dies, a day— dial, diary, diurnal, meridian, quotidian diet 
disrnus, worthy- dignify, dignity, indignity, deign, disdain, :n- 

dignant, indignation, condign. 
disco, I learn-disciple, discipline, disciplinary, disciplinarian. 
dlVldO, I separate- divide, division, dividend, indivisible, individua' 
dlVlnus, heavenly— divine, divinity, divination. • 
do idal, dil). I give-donor, donation, date, dative, antedate, addition 

condition, edit, editor, perdition, tradition, pardon 
doeeo (dort), I tcach-doctor, doctrine, document, docile, docility 
domlnus, a master, a lord-dominant, dominion, domination, 

dominical, domineer, predominate. 
domus, a house- dome, domestic, domesticate, domicile, domiciliary 
dUblus, doubtful-dubious, dubitation, indubitable, doubt, doubtful 
dueo (rf«c(), 1 lead-duke, ducat, ductile, abduction, adduce, con' 
duce, conduit, conduct, deduction, educate, inducement, reduce 
seduce, traduce, aqueduct, viaduct. 
duPUS, hard-endure, durable, duration, during, indurated, obdurate 
obduracy. 



144 



THE UNIVERSAL SPELLING BOOK 



1' 



i'1 



ebriuSt drunken— inebriate, inebriety, inebriation {n-itk fine) soberly, 
Hobriety. 

egrOO, I am in need- indigent, indigence. 

ego. I — egoism, egotist, *gotize, egotistic, egotism. 

dlegfanS, bandsome — elegant, eleg.uu-e, inelegant. 

emo {f'upf), I buy -exempt, exemjition, pre-emption, jieremptory, 
redeem, redemption ; prompt, impromptu. 

60 {if), I go-eircnit, exit, initiate, iterate, obituary, [leriwb, trunsit, 
transition. 

eqUUSi a horse— equine, et^uip, equijMige, equipment. 

erro, I wander —ere, errant, error, errand, erratic, erroneous, ab- 
erration, errate. 

esse (^"'<), to be- essence, essential, interest, nonentity-, absent, pre- 
sent, represent, misrepresent. 

exemplum, a model— example, exemplary, exemplify, unexampled, 
sample. 

experior {expert), I try— experiment, ex[)erimental, exjjert, ex|(ert- 
nesa, experience, peril. 

exter, externus, outward -external, extraneous, extreme, 
extrinsic. 






t i 



faex (/cc), grounds, dregs— feces, feculence; defecate, defecation. 

faber, a workman— fabric, fabricate, fabricator, fabrication. 

facieSt the face— facial, efTace, superficies, ?ui)erticial. 

faclliS, easy— facile, facility, facilitate, difficult, difficulty. 

facio (/ec, /c), I make— fact, fa*itor, factory, faculty, affect. affecUi- 
tion, artificer, confection, deficient, effectual, manufacture, offi- 
ciate, perfect, proficient, refection, sacrifice, sufficient. 

fallO {/als)t I de(!eive— false, falsity, fallacy, fallible, infallible, fault 

falX, a hook or sickle— falcated, defalcate, defalcation. 

fama, a report— fame, famous, infamous, defame, defamation. 

familia, a family— familiar, -ity, -ize, unfamiliar. 

fanum, a temple— fane, profane, profanity, fanatic, fanaticism. 

farl {fan, /at), to speak— fate, fatal, fable, affable, ineffable, infant, 
nefarious, preface. 

fateor (/e*'*), i acknowledge — confess, confession, professional. 

fattgO, I weary—fatigue, indefatigable, fag. 

fatUUS, silly -fatuous, fatuity, infatuated, infatuation. 

feCUndUS, fruitful— fecund, fecundate, fecundity. 

feliX, happy felicity, felicitous, infelicity, felicitate. 



PABT IX 



145 



fendo (/.,«), I strike or ward off-fender, defend, defendant, offend 

inoffensive ; fence, defence, 
fero (to), I bear or carry-ferry, fertile, confer, defer, differ, infer 

offenng, preference, suffer, tran,ference, colktion, odoriferous,' 

elate, prelate, superlative, translation. 
rerpum, iron-forreous, ferruginous, ferrule, farrier, farriery 
fepveo, I boil or rage-fervor, fervent, fervid, effervesce ; fermenta- 

tion, fever, feverisb, febrifuge. 
festUS, joyful-festal, festive, festivity, festival, infect, fete. 
nDra, a thread— fibre, fibril, fibrous, fibrine 

""'"'plrfidy'"*'^*"'*'' °°'"^^"' ''^'^' '*'»'^«"™> '"«d«'ity. Perfidious, 
ngO Of.r), I fa8ten-flx, fixture, affix, prefix, transfix, crucifix. 
n lus, a son ; flUa, a daughter-filial, affiliate, affiliation. 
mum, a thread-file, filament, filigree, fillet, de/lle, profile 
nngo (/rt), I form-fiction, fictitious, figment, effit-v, figure, flgur • 
tive, transfiguration. - o s *- 

2^;.r t"'*-""!"''' '"«-''*' "-""ity. "ffinity, definite, indefinite. 
nrmus, strong-flrm, firmament, affirm, confirm, infirm, infirmary 
infirmity. •""}< 

flSCM, a money-bag, the public treasury-fiscal, confiscate, con- 
fiscation. 

flSSUm, a cleft— fissure, fissile, fission. 

flamma, a flame-flambeau, inflame, inflammation, inflammatory 

flectO (>^), I bind-flector, flexion, flexible, deflect, inflection, 

reflection, reflex. 

fllKO i/ict), I beat-affiict, affliction, conflict, infliction, profligate 
profligacy. ' * ' 

flO ijla,), I blow-flatulent, afflatus, efllation, inflate, inflation, flute. 
flOS, a flower-floral, florid, floridity, flour, flourish, flowerv, efflor- 

escence. 

fluo (/«rt, Jtu,-), I flow-fluid, fluent, fluvial, fluctuate, aflluence 
conflux, confluence, dcfluxion, effluvia, influence, superfluity 

rodlO (yoM), I dig-fossilize, fossilist, fossiliferous. 

foedUS, a treaty-federal, confederate, confederacy. 

folium, a leaf-foliage, foliaceous, foliate, foil, trefoil folio 

forma, form, shape-formal, form, -ation, -ative, -ality, -ula con- 
formity, deformity, inform, information, performance, te'form 
transformation, uniformity. 
10 



14C 



THE UNIVERSAL SPELLING BOOK 



I'M 

ill 



Ilk 

lis. 

ill; 



fors i/ort), chiiiice— fortune, fortunate, fortuitous, misfortune, anfor- 

tunute. 
fortiSt strong, brave — fortify, fortitude, force, enforce, fortress, 

effort, comfort. 
f^ngO (/racO. I break— frangible, fraction, fracture, fragile, 

fragility, frailty, infringe, refraction, suffrage, irrefragable. 
frater, a brother— frater, nal, -nity, nize ; fratricide ; friar. 
ftauSt deceit—fraud, fraudulent ; defraud. 
trigUSt cold — frigid, frigidity, frigoritic, refriger-ate, -ator. 
ftOnS (front), the forehead— frontier, affront, confront, effrontery, 

front, frontlet, frontiApieoe. 
ftUOP (fruct), I enjoy— frugal, frugality, fruit, -ful, -ness, -lettsness, 

fruition, fruiterer, fructify. 
fUgiO, I flee — fugitive, fugacious, refuge, subterfuge. 
TVilgeOt I shine — fulgent, refulgent, effulgence, fulminate. 
fUmuS, smoke— fumigate, -ation, -ator, perfume. 
fundo (/ud), I K^ir out— fuse, 'fusible, a founder, confound, diffuse, 

effusion, pn-n-sion, suffusion, transfuse. 
fundUSt field, bottom — found, to founder, foundation, fundamental, 

profundity; fund, funds, refund. , 

fUngor i/unct), I perform— function, functional, functionary, per- 
functory, defunct. 

gelu, frost— gelid, gelatine, congeal, jelly. 

tgePO (fire*'), I carry— gesture, gesticulate, belligerent, congestion, 
digest, indigestion, register, suggest, vicegerent, jest, -er. 

gigno (5"?n), I bring forth or produce — generate, generation, genius, 
genial, generic, general, genitive, generous, generosity, genuine, 
gentile, gentry, genteel, indigenous, ingenuous, ingenuity, pro- 
genitor, progeny, regenerate. 

globus, a ball— globe, globular, globulous, conglobulate. 

glacies, ice — glacier, glacial, glacialist. 

gluten* glue— gluey, glutinous, agglutinate, conglutinate. 

gradlor igresa), I go — grade, gradation, gradual, graduate, degrade, 
retrograde ; ingress, progress, transgression, congress. 

gramen, gross— gramin-aceous, -eous, -ivorous, -ifolious. 

grandiS, great— grand, grandeur, grandee, grandsire, aggrandize, 
grandiloquent, grandiose. 

granum, a grain of corn— granary, garner, granule, granulate, 
grange, granate, grenade, grenadier. 



PABT IX 147 

SrratUS, thankful-grateful, gratitude, gratuity, gratify, congratq. 

late, grace, gracious, disgrace, greet, ingratiate, ingratitude 
grravlS, heavy-grave, gravity, gravitate, grief, grieve, grievous 

aggrieve, aggravate. 

gPex Uirty), a flock-gregarious, congregate, aggregate, egregious, 

segregate. 
gusto, I taste— gust, disgust, disgustful, disgustingly. 

baboo (A*), I have-habiuition, habit, ual, cohabit, debilitate; 

exhibit, inhibit, prohibition. 
haereo (Ae.), I stick-adhere, adhesive, cohesion, coherent, hesitate 

inherent, incoherent. 
baeres {hatred), »n heir-heritage, heritable, hereditary, inherit 

-ance, disinherit ; heires.s, heirloom, co-heir. 
halo, I breathe— exhale, inhale, inhalation, aiihelation 
haurlO(A<.«y), I draw-exhaust, -ible, -ion, .less, .ivc; inexhaustible 
nerba, an herb-herbage, herbalist, herbaceous, herbivorous. 
hllarls, cheerful- hilarity, hilarious, exhilaration. 
homo, a man-human, humane, homage, humanity, humanize 

homicide, inhumanity. ' 

hopreo, I shudder-horror, horrid, horrible, horrify, abhor, abhor- 
rence. 

hoptor, I advise-exhort, exhortation, hortative, hortatory, dehorta- 
tory. 

bospes {hospit), a guest—hospitable, hospital, -ity, host hotel 
hostler. ' ' 

bOStis, an enemy— host, hostile, hostility, hostage. 

humeo, I am moist- humid, humidity, humor, humorist 
humorous. 

humus, the grround-inhume, exhume, exhumation, posthumous, 
humble, humility. 

Idem, the same— identity, identical, identify, identifiable. 
Ignis, fire— igneous, ignite, ignition, ignitible. 
imago, an image— imagine, imaginary, imagination. 
impero, I command- imperative, emperor, imperial. 
Impetus, force— impetus, impetuous, -ly, -ness, impetuosity. 
inanis, empty— inane, inanity, inanition. 
inferus, below— interior, inferiority, infernal. 
insula, an island— insulated, isle, isolate, peninsula. 



148 



THE UNIVERSAL SPELLING BOOK 



il 



I13 



integrer, whole— integml, integrity, disiiitoerute, redintegration. 
Ira, anger— ire, ireful, irate, irascible, irritation. 

jaceo, I lie—jacent, adjacent, circumjacent. 

JaclO Uecl), I throw— jet, jaculation, ejaculate, abject, conjecture, 
dejection, interjection, objective, reject, subject, subjection. 

JOCUS, a jest- joke, jocose, jocund, jocular, jocularity. 

JubilO, I shout for joj — jubilee, jubilate, jubilation. 

JU^m, a yoke— abjugdte, subjugate, subjugation. 

JungO 0»c'), I join— junction, juncture, conjunction, conjugal, 
injunction ; join, enjoin, joiner. 

Juro, I sweai — jury, adjure, conjure, [wrjury. 

Judex, a judge : jus (jitr), right-just, justice, justify, injury, judge, 
judicature, judicious, prejudice, judicial, jurisprudeJice. 

juvenis, young— juvenile, juvenility, juniors, juniority, rejuven- 
escence. 

JUVO O'u'), 1 help— adjutant, coadjutor. 

labor, work— labor, laliorious, laboratory, elaborate. 

labor [lapn], I slide— laiHC, relapse, elapse, illapse, collai«e. 

laedO (lid, lu), I hurt — collide, collision, elide, elision. 

lapis (lapid), a stone— lapidary, dilapidate, dilapidation. 

latUS, carried, broad—dilate, latitude, latitudinarian, delay, dilatory, 

illative, oblate, translation. 
latUS {later), a side— lateral, collateral, equilateral. 
laus {taud), praise— laud, laudable, applaud, allow, allowable. 
laxus, loose— lax, laxity, relax, relaxation, prolix. 
lego (legat), I send, appoint— legate, legacy, delegate, allegation. 
lego {het), I read or choo.se— legible, lecture, legion, allege, college, 

diligent, eligible, elegant, election, negligence, selection. 
legumen, pulse, pease, beans— leguminous, legumes. 
levls, light [kro, to raise)— levity, levy, alleviate, elevate, elevator; 

relieve. 
lex (kg), a law— legal, legality, legalize, legislator, legitimate, 

allegiance. 
liber, free— liberal, liberty, liberate, illiberal, livery. 
liber, a book— library, librarian, libel, libellous. 
libra, a balance— deliberate, ly, -ive, equilibrium, indeliberate. 
licet, it is lawful— license, licentiate, licentious, illicit. 
llgnnm, wood— Ugneooa, lignify, ligniform. 



PAKT IX 149 

ligO, I bind— liable, liability, lignmont, leajjuc, liege, allian™, oblige, 

relij^ioti. 
limes, a Uuiidary— limit, limited, illimitable, unlimited. 
Unquo {Ikl), I laive— delinquent, dereliction, reliniiuish, relict relic. 
Unum, flux-linen, linsey, lint, line, lineal, delineate, lineament. 
UqueO, I uielt— liquid, liipiefy, liquofiiitioii, liquidity, liijuor. 
UtePa, a letter-literal, literature, alliteration, illiterate, obliterate, 

letter. 
locus, a place- local, locality, locate, locomotive, dislocate, allocation. 
longUS, long— longituile, longevity, elonjj'ate, prolong. 
lOquor, I speak -Iwiumity, soliloquy, elo<|uenee, elocution, obloquy, 

magniloquent, ventriloi|ui.'it. 
ludO {III,), I play— ludicrous, allusion, elude, illusion, ilelusion, 

delu.sory, prelude. 
lumen, light— luminary, illuminate, illumination, luminous. 
luna, the moon— lunar, lunation, lunacy, liniutic-, sublunary. 
lUO, I wash— ablution, alluvial, deluge, dilution, |)ollute. 
lUStFO, I shine— lustration, illustrious, illustrate. 
lux t/iic), light— lucid, lucifer, elucidate, [jellucid. 
lUXUS, luxury, excess— luxuriant, luxurious, ly, -ness. 

macles, leanne.ss — emaciate, emaciation. 

magrnus [major), great— magnify, magnitude, magistrate, master, 
major, majority, majestic j mayor. 

malUS, bad— malice, malicious, malevolent, malignity. 

malleus, a hammer— mallet, malleable, maul, unmalleable. 

mando, I enjoin— mandate, command, demand, remand. 

maneo (man*), I remain— manse, mansion, immanent, permanent, 
remnant. 

manus, the hand— manual, manufacture, manumission, manacles, 
manuscript, emancipate. 

mape, the sea— marine, mariner, maritime, submarine, mermaid. 

mater, mother— maternal, maternity, matron, matrimony, matricu- 
late, matricide. 

matUFUS, ripe— mature, maturity, immature, premature. 

medeor, I heal— medical, medicine, remedy, irremediable. 

medius, the middle mediate, medium, immediate, mediocrity. 

mel, honey- mellifluous, melliferous, melliflc. 

meminl, I rememlwr; memOP, mindful— memory, memorial, memo- 
TBndum, memoir, commemorate, reminiacence. 



150 



THE CNiVEBSAL SPELLING BOOK 



II 



mens, ttie mind— mental, mentality, demented, dementia. 

mergfO {merit), I plunge— meraion, emerge, emergency, immersion, 
submerse. 

in6rx, merchandise — commerce, commercial, merchant, mercantiln. 

tttttiOV (meiiM), I measure— mete, immense, menHuratioii, dimension, 
commensurate. 

inlirFOt I remove — migrate, emigrate, immigration, transmigration. 

miles, a soldier — militia, military, militant, militate. 

mlneOf I project — imminent, prominent, eminent, eminence. 

minister, a servant — ministration, ministry, aflminister, -trat«, 
-trator. 

minor (mintM), less — diminish, diminution, comminution, minority, 
minute. 

minis, wonder .'ul— miracle 1 admire, admiration, admirable. 

misceo {mixt), I mingle — mixture, miscellaneous, unmixed, promis- 
cuous, intermix. 

miser, wretched— miser, miserable, misery, commiserate. 

mittO (mtM), I send— mission, missile, admit, commisftion, dismiss, 
emissary, manumission, promise, remission. 

modus, a manner— moderate, accommodate, commodious, mode, 
model, modify, modulate, modest. 

mens, a mountain — mount, mound, amount, dismount, paramount, 
tantamount. 

mollis, soft — mollify, mollient, emollient. 

moneo, I advise— monitor, monument, admonish, premonition. 

monstro, I show— monstrous, demonstrato, demonstrable, remon- 
strate. 

mordeo, I bite — mordant, morsel, remorse, remorselesR. 

mors (mori), death— mortal, mortality, immortal, -ize, mortify. 

mos imor), a custom — moral, moralize, morality, immoral, 
demoralize. 

moveo (inof), I move — remove, commotion, promotion, remote. 

multUS, many— multitude, multiple, multiplication, multiplied. 

munus, a gift or office — munificence, communion, -icate, immunity, 
remunerative. 

murus, a wall — mural, immure. 

mus&, a song — muNC, music, amuse, amusement, museum. 

mutO, I chaiige-— mutable, mutation, mutual, permutation, trans- 
mute. 



PAllT IX 



151 



narro, T relnte— nurmtion, narrative, nurmtor. 

nasoor {nan, to Iw >Hirn— nawent, native, iHttinn, nature, innate, 
NU|ionmtural. 

navis, u»liip— navy, naval, navigate, ation, able. 

neotO("''J-!, I tie- connect, annex, annexation, disconnect. 

nerVUS, a sinew -nervous, unnerve, enervate. 

neuter, neither of the two— neutral, •i/.e, ity. 

nihil, nothing-nihilism, nihility, annihil ate, ation. 

nOblllS, wcll-kncnvn-nolile, nnhility, enniihle, ignohle. 

noceo, I hurt— noxious, noisome, innocent, innocuous, annoyance. 

nomen, a name— nominate, nominator, denomination, binomial, 
nomenclature, ignominy. 

norma, a rule— normal, ahnonnal, enormous, enormity. 

nOSCO, COgnoSCO, I know— cognizance, recognition, knowledge, 
acknowle<lge, recognize, prwognition. 

nOtUS. known — note, notjible, notorious, annotator. 

novus, '<w— novel, novelty, novitiate, innovate, renovate. 

nOX {nncl), night— equinox, equiniwiial, no<'turnaI. 

nuUus, none— nullify, nullity, annul, disannul. 

numerus, a numlier— numerous, numeration, enumerate, innumer- 
able, sufierniimerary. 
nuncio, I tell— announce, enunciate, denounce, renounce, pronunci- 
ation. 
nutrio, I nourish— nutriment, nutrition, nutritive, innutritious. 

ObSCUrus, dark— obscure, -ation, obscurely, obscureness, obscurity. 

OCUiuS, the eye -ocular, oculist, binocular, inoculate. 

odor, smell — odorous, odoriferous, odorless. 

OieO, I smell— olfactory, redolent, redolence. 

Oleo or Olesco, I grow— adolescence, adult, abolish, abolition, aboli- 
tionist. 

omnis, all — omnipotent, omni-science, omnivorus, omnibus. 

onus iotier), a burden— onerous, onerary, exoner ate, -ation, -ative. 

opus {oper), a work— operate, -ative, -ation, -ator, co-operate, opera. 

OrbiS, a globe— orb, orbit, orbicular, exorbitant. 

Ordo, law— order, di.sonler, extraordinary, ordain, ordination, sub- 
ordinate. 

OptO, I wish— option, optional, optative, adopt, adoption. 

Orior, I ri.se— orient, origin, originate, exordium. 

OrnO, I deck- ornament, al, -ation, adorn, adornment, ornate. 



152 



THE UNIVEB8AL 8PELLINO BOOK 



OrO( I Apeak — oracle, oration, oral, oratory, orator, ortMon, adore, 

inexorable, peroration. 
08 (oMt't), a bone — oHneoufi, omify, omifie, ONNivorouN. 
OVUnit an egg — oval, ovate, ovally, oviparous. 

pftUtunii a cloak, covering — palliate, palliative, palliation. 

PftndO, I spread —expand, expansive, expanse, pace, tipace, crmpasH, 
surpass, trespa-ss. 

PftngO(j?acO, Ifixor agree— paction, compact, comiiaotnew), impinge. 

PftlfttUin» the roof of the mouth, taste — palate, palatal, {utlatable, 
unpalatable. 

P&lus, a peg or post — pale, paling, palinide, empale, empalement. 

paFi equal — parity, separate, disparity, dis(Hiruge, [wer, peerless. 

pftreOt I appear— peer, appear, apparition, ap[Nirent, transparent. 

pftplo, I bring forth — parent, parental, oviparous, viviparous. 

parOt I make ready — preparation, pare, parade, parry, apparel, pre- 
pare, repair, reparation, i 

PftPS, a part — particle, partake, partition, party, partizan, partial, 
partner, parboil, parcel, apartment, impart, impartiality. 

paSCO {poJ*t)i I feed — pastor, pastoral, pasture, antepast, repast. 

pater, a father— paternal, paternity, patrimony, patron, patronize, 
patrician. 

patlOF (poM), I suffer — patience, patient, impatient, passive, passion- 
ate, compassion. 

patria, one's country — patriot, patriotism, compatriot, expatriate. 

pax, peace — peace, pacify, pacification. 

polio (pull*), I drive — pulse, pulsation, compel, dispel, expulsion, 
impulse, repulsion. 

psUo, I name or call — appellative, compellation, appeal, repeal. 

pendeo, I hang — pendant, pendulum, depend, impend, suspense, 
appendix. 

pendo ip^ns), I weigh— pensive, expensive, expenditure, compensa- 
tion, dispense, recompense, stipend, s*^.iper jiary. 

ponetFO, I pierce — penetrate, penetration, impenetrable 

pes ip^d), the foot — pedal, pedef *, pedestrian, biped, quadruped, 
expedite, expedient, impedim^..^. 

petO, I seek — petition, petulant, appetite, compete, competitor, 
impetus, impetuous, repeat, repetition. 

pln^O ipict)t I paint — picture, pigment, pictorial, picturesque, depict. 

plus, dutiful — piety, impious, impiety. 



fABT IX 



153 



PlaOM, I pleMe-pl,oi.l, complacency, con.pl.i«nt, di.plMM 
iniplocalile. ' 

Planta, a plant - pUnutio.,, plantain, implant, .upplunt, trnn,. 
plant. 

PlaUdO (/V,.,«), I praise-plaudit, applaud, plau.il.le. applause 
explnlu, explution. ' 

Pleo (;V€0, I Hll-plenary, plenty, complement, complete, depletion 
replenish, supply, supplement. 

pUCO, I fol.l-«ppiy, complicate, complex, display, .luplicity, expli- 
cate, implicate, iwiplex, simple, triplet. 

ploro, r wail— deplore, explore, implore. 

pluma, a feather-plumage, plume, plumeless, plumule. 

poena, pain or puni«hmont-p«in. ,«nal, i»nalty, penance, peniten- 
tiary, impunity, rejiont. 

polio, I smooth— (lolish, polite, inter|)olation. 

POnduS {ponder), weight- pound, iMnderous, ponder, preponderate 
imponderable. 

pono {po,U), I place-post, posture, ,»sition, apposite, apposition, 
deposition, dispose, expoeitor, propose, purpose, repose, trans 
position. 

POpnlus, the people-popuUr, populace, population, depopulate 

puhlic, publish, republic. 
pOrto, I carry-porter, portable, export, import, importunity, report 

transportation. 

potens, powerful-,»te..t, potentate, potential, -ity, -ly, impotent, 

omnipotent. 
poto, I drink— potation, potion, potable. 

praeda, plunder- prey, predatory, predaceous, depredation, -ator- 
prehendo, I take— apprehend, comprehension, apprentice, repre 

hend. 

P»«m0 {pre,.), I press-print, pressure, compress, depression, ex- 

press, oppression, repress, suppression, irrepressible. 
pretlum, n price-precious, appreciate, prize, appraise, depreciation 
primus, first-prime, primate, primer, prince, principal, primogeni- 
ture. 

prlVO, I take away- depHve, privation, privative. 
piivns, one's own or single -private, privacy, privilege. 
pPObO, I prove-prolx., probation, probable, approbation, improve, 
disprtjve, reprobate. 



154 



THE t'NIVERSAL 8PEU-INO BOOK 



promo (prompO, I liriiig (urlh, I toll prompUir. |iroiiii.l, |ironn>tly, 
|>roin|ilituil«, imiiromplu. 

prope iprox), near -|)ro|iiiiquit.v. |>ru(.itiiiU!, proxinuiUj, ]ii>|)ro«i- 
mitte, Approach. 

propriUS, one'» own -proper, property, iipproprmte, propriety, im- 
propriety. 

pudor, shame -impuilellt, impudence, repuiliHi.c. 

pugno, I Hght— pugnacioud, pugiliNt, iinpu(tii, repugnance. 

puhnOi » lung— pulmonary, pulmonic, 

polTl* iyiUver), du«t— pulveriie, pulvcralile, pulveriiation. 

pungO (puncO. 1 prick— pungent, puncture. ; < tLucicpn, punctili- 

OUB, punctuality, compunction, expunge, [■, .11,, iippoint. 

purge, I cleanse- purge, purgative, purgatory, purgatorial. 

purUf. clean— purify, purity, puritan, impure, impurity. 

pus (iMr), matter o( a sore- pustule, pustulate, purulent, suppurate. 

p.'tO, I rwkon, I prun — putative, comput«, dispute, deputy, im- 
putation, repute ; .vaiputat^. 

pUtrlS, rotten— imti jiy, putrefaction, putrid, putridity, putrescence. 

qiiallS, of » U liiud -qualify, quality, disqualify. 

quantum, i.JW much— quantity, quantitative. 

qUMrO (?iii». qutt), I seek— quest, question, acquire, disquisition, 

inquire, request, requisition, perquisite. 
qUKtIO, I shake— <iuash, concussion, discusn, |«rcus«ion. 
quatUOr, four— quart, quarter, quartern, quadruiwl, ciundrant. 
quies, rest— quiet, quiescence, inquietude, disquietude, aaiuiesce. 
qUOt, how many— quote, quotient, quotation, quotidian. 

radius, a ray— radiant, radiation, irradiate, radius. 

radix, a root— radicle, radical, radish, eradicate. 

radO (rxu), I scrape— raze, razor, erase, alirasion, rasure. 

ramus, a branch— ramify, ramification. 

rapiO, I carry off— rapacious, nqiid, lapine, rapture, surreptitious. 

rarUS, thin— rarefy, rarefacti»n, rare. 

regO (reel), I rule— regal, regent, regimen, regular, register, rector 

reign, direct, rectify. 
repo, I creep — reptile, reptilian. 
res, a thing— real, realize, republic. 

rldeo {rit), I laugh— ridicule, ridiculous, risible, deride, derision. 
rigeO, I am Btiff -rigidity, rigor, rigorously. 



Pabt IX 155 

rlnu, a Dtraain— river, rivulet, rival, rivalry, arrive, derive, denva- 

tiuii, 
rodO (TO"), I gnaw— currwie, corroainii, rarroxive, eroaion. 
roUU a wheel— rote, route, rotary j rotuiiil, ruutiiiv. 
rudlS, rude, ignorant— rudiment, erudite, erudition. 
nu (nir), the country - rural, runtic, runticity, ruxticate. 
rumpo (i-ii/)/), I break— rupture, abrupt, liunkrupt, oomiption, 

interrupt, irruption. 

MUMF, sacred— aucraineut, wtcriHce, conMirute. execrable, sacrilege. 

tAITUCi wise- nage, Migaciuufi, naf^acity, preMige. 

SAl, salt— Haline, naltiab, aauoe, saucy. 

■alio {'I'll), I leap— salient, saltation, nssault, sally, desultory, 

exaltation, insuK, result, resilient. 
talUt {mint), health— salute, milutary, salubrious, salvage, salve, 

salvation. 
sancio (iwiicOi I confirm— aanction, sanctify, sanctity, sanctuary, 

saint. 
tanguU (Miiaiiin), blood— sanguine, Minguiiiury, sanguineous, en. 

sanguine. 
MpIO, taste, I am wise— sapient, savor, sapid, inxipiii. insipidity. 
MtIS, enough— satisfy, satisfacaioii, sale, satiate, insatiable. 
SOandO, I climb— scan, ascend, ascension, condescension, descend, 

transcend. 
MindO (KIM), I cut — scissors, scisaure, abscession, rescind, rescension. 
SCiO, I know— science, scientilic, sciolist, conscience, omniscience, 

prescience. 
SCribO {ncript), I write— scribe, scripture, scribble, description, in- 
scribe, nuiuuscript, superscription. 
SOUlpo. I carve — sculptor, sculpture, sculpture^]. 
MCO (see). I cut— sect, section, dLssect, insect, intersection, trisect. 
tedeo (M«»), I sit -seat, sedate, sedentary, .session, assiduous, preside, 

possess, supersede. 
semen, seed— seminal, seminary, disseminate. 
Senex, old— senile, senator, senior, seniority, seignior. 
SentiO («)w), I feel, I think— sense, sensuous, .sensitive, sensible, 

sentient, sentiment, sentence, assent, dissensiun, 
sequor («etnO, I follow— second, sequence, execute, subsequent, 

prosecute, obsequies, subsetiuent. 
Sero Inert), I knit or join— aeries, assert, insertion, desertion, exert. 



156 



THE UNIVEB8AL SPELLING BOOK 



serpo, I creep — serpent, serpentine, serpentize. 

servo, I keep or wait— serve, servant, servile, servitude, conserve, 

observe, preservation, subservience. 
severus, strict^ severe, severity, persevere, asseveration. 
Sigrnum, a mark— sign, signify, assign, consignment, designata, 

resigniition, insignificant. 
Silex, flint — silicious, silicate, silicify. 
SlmillS, like— similar, similarity, similitude, assimilate, resemble, 

dissimulation, simulation. 
sinus, a curve or bay— insinuate, sinuosity. 

SOCluS, a companion— social, sociable, society, association, dissociate. 
sol, the sun— solar, parasol, solarize. 
SOlldUS, solid— solidity, solidify, solder, c^on.solidate. 
solve, I loose— solvency, solve, solutiun, soluble, absolve, absolute, 

revolution. 
solus, alone— sole, solitude, solitary, desolate, soliloquy. 
SOno, I sound— sonnet, sonorous, consonant, dis.sonance, resound, 

unison. - 

SOFbeO, I suck in— absorbent, absorb, -ing, absorption, reabsorb. 
SOrS (sort), P lot — sort, assort, consort, resort, sorcery. 
sparero (<pe™), I scatter— asperse, aspersion, disperse, intersperse. 
spatium, space— s|iacious, expatiate, siiaciousness. 
speeiO, specto, I look— special, specious, specimen, spectacle, spec- 
tator, aspect, conspicuous, expect, pro'pect, suspicion. 
Spero, I hope— desperate, despair, prosper, prosperity. 
splro, I breathe— spirit, spiritual, sprite, aspirant, conspire, dispirit, 

expiration, uninspired. 
splendeo, I shine- splendid, splendor, resplendent. 
spondeo (»poii«), I promise- sponsor, spouse, correspondence, irre- 
sponsible, resiMnd. 
sponte, of one's own will— siwntaneous, ly, -ness, spontaneity. 
StatUO, I set up, I appoint— statue, statute, constitute, institute, 

institution, s bs'.itute. 
Stella, a star— stellar, constellation, stellated, stellular. 
StlUa, a drop— still, distil, instil, distillatio.i. 
Stlngruo («<iMC(), I put out— distinguish, distinct, extinguish, extinct, 

instinctive. 
StO {tinn, ttil), I stand- stable, establish, sUte, station, stationary, 
constant, distant, instantaneous, obstacle, rest, solstice, substan- 
tive, substitute. 



PART IX 



157 



Stratus, thrown down— strata, prostrate, stratify, stratification. 

StrlngO {atrict), I hold fast— stringent, aNtrin«reiit, strict, stricture, 
strain, straitnesN, restrict, restrain, distrain, distress, unrestricted. 

StFUO {"trucf), I Imild— destroy, destructive, instruct, instrument, 
superstructure. 

StupeOi I am stunned, amazed— stupid, -ly, -ity, stupendous. 

sumo {gumfit), I take, — assume, consumption, presume, resume, sump- 
tuary, sumptuous. 

SU^^ {mrrect), I rise— insurgent, insurrection, resurrection. 



tango (tact), I touch — tangent, tangible, tactility, contact, contagion, 
contiguous, cniitingent. 

tegro {tfxO, I cover— tegument, protect, detection, protectorate. 

temno {tempf), I despise — contemn, contemptible, contemptuous. 

tempUSr time— temporal, contemporary, extcmfwruueous. 

t6nd0 [tenii), I stretch— tendency, attend, extension, intention, 
ostentation, pretence, subtend. 

teneo {tent), I hold — tenable, tenant, tenet, contain, detention, absti- 
nence, continuance, impertinent, maintain, obtain, sustenance. 

tenuis, thin — tenuity, atten. -te, extenuate. 

terminus, a bound — term, terminate, determine, extermination, 
interminable. 

tero (''■»'). I rub— trite, triturate, tret, attrition, contrite, detriment. 

terra, the earth — terrestrial, terracjueoun, terrace, inter, subter- 
raneous. 

terreo, I frighten— terrible, deter, deterrent, terror. 

testis, a witness —test, testify, testameut, attest, detest, intestate, 
protestation. 

texo, I wear — textile, texture, context, pretext, tissue. 

timeo, I fear— timorous, timidity, timidly. 

tOlero, I bear — tolerant, tolerable, intolerant, toleration. 

tOrpeO, I am benumbed— torpid, torpidity, torpidly. 

torqueo {fort), I twist— torture, tortuous, torment, contortion, dis- 
tort, extortion, retort. 

torreo, I parch — torrid, toast, torrefy, torrent. 

tOtUS, the whole — total, totality, totally. 

trahO (tract), I draw— trace, tractable, tractile, attract, abstract, 
distraction, extraction, portray, retract, protract. 

tremo, I shake, tremble — tremendous, tremble, tremulous. 

trepldus, fearful — trepidation, intrepid, iutrepidity. 



158 



THE UNIVEE8AL SPELLIKO BOOK 



ll 



tres, three — trie, tripod, trinDgle, trinity, trice. 

tribUO, I give — attribute, distribution, retributive. 

trlcn, wiles— triclis, trickery, intricate, extricate, inextricable, in- 
trigue, tress. 

trudo (true), I thrust — intrude, intrusion, extrude, protrusion. 

tUb6F, a swelling — tubercle, tubercular, tuberose. 

tU60r, I observe — tutor, tuition, intuitive, tutelary. 

tlirba, a crowd — turbulent, disturb, imperturbable, perturbation, 
turbid, 

Uber, fruitful — exuberant, exuberance. 

umbra, a shade — umbrageous, umbrella, adumbrate, penumbra. 

unda, a wave — undulate, undulation, redundant, inunda'.e, abound, 

abundant. 
ungruO (ttttc/), I anoint — unguent, unction, unctuous. 
unuS, one — uniform, unicorn, unilateral, unique. 
UPbS, a city — urban, urbanity, suburbs, suburban. 
UPO (t«(), I burn — inure, combustion, incombustible. 
UtOP (iM), I use— utility, utilitiiriau, utensil, useful, usefulness, usury, 

abuse, disuse. 

vacOi I am empty — vacant, vacancy, vacation, vacate. 

vacuus, empty — evacuate, evacuation, vacuum. 

vado, I go — evade, evasion, invade, pervade. 

Vagor, I wander— vagrant, vagabond, vagary, extravagance. 

Valeo, I am strong, I am worth— value, valor, valid, valiant, avail, 
valetudinarian, convalescence, invalid, prevalent. 

Vanus, empty— vanish, vanity, vain, vainly. 

vapor, steam— vapory, evaporate, vapid, vapidneas. 

V»t1o, I change— variable, various, variance, variety, variegate. 

vas, a dish — vase, vascular, vessel. 

vastu, I lay waste— vast, vastness, devastation, waste, wasteful. 

VehO, I carry - vehicle, convey, inveigh, invective. 

vellO Uitla), I pull— convulsion, revulsion, 

velo, I cover— veil, revelation, reveal, unveil. 

velOX, swift— velocity, velocimeter, velocipede. 

TendO, I sell— vend, vendor, vendible, vendue, venal. 

ventOS, the wind — vent, ventilate, ventilation, -ator. 

venio (wK), I come — convene, contravene, advent, convention, in- 
vention, revenue. 



lit 



PART IX 



159 



TOFbunit a word — verbal, verbose, aHveil>, proverbiul. 

VOrtO {ivrs), I turn — verse, version, vertex, advert, aversion, adver- 
sity, perversloD, universe. 

verus, true— verity, veracious, verify, verdict, aver. 

vestlgfiuillt a trace or mark — vestige, investigate. 

vestls, a garment — vest, vestment, vestry, divest, investment. 

via, a way — deviate, devious, impervious, previous, trivial, un- 
deviating, viaduct. 

ViCiSi a change — vicar, vicarage, vicarious, vicegerent, vicissitude. 

ViddO {vis), I see — vision, visible, visit, evident, providence, revise, 
supervision. 

Vt^eo, I flourish — vegetable, vegetate, vegetation, vigor, vigorous, 
invigorate, vigil, vigilant. 

Tillat a farm — village, villain, villainy, villanage. 

Vinco {vict), I conquer — victor, convince, evince, province, vanquish, 
invincible. 

Vlnum, wine — vinous, vintage, vinegar, vineyard, wine. 

ViP, a man — virile, virility, virtue, virago, triumvirate. 

tIfus, poison— virulent, virulence. 

VlSCUS, glue — viscid, viscidity, viscous. 

TitSL, life — vital, vitality, vitalize. 

Tltruzn, glass — vitreous, vitrefy, vitrefaction, vitriol. 

vivo, I live — vivid, vivacious, vivify, revive, convivial. 

VOCO, I call — voice, vocal, vocation, vociferate, advocate, invocation, 
convoke, revoke. 

VOlOf I am willing — voluntary, volition, benevolence, volunteer. 

VOlO, I fly— volatile— volatility, volatilize. 

VOlvo, I roll— volume, voluble, convolve, develop, revolution, revolt 

VOPO» I devour — voracious, devour, carnivorous, omnivorous. 

VOVeO, I vow — vote, votary, votive, devote, devotion. 

VUlgUS, the common (leople— vulgar, ity, divulge, promulgate. 

VUlnUS {winer), a wound — vulnerable, vulnerary, invulnerable. 

GREEK ROOTS* 

aJftPr the air — aerial, aerolite, aeronaut, artery, arterial, airy, airiness. 
agfd, I lead — demagogue, .synagogue, [)edagogue, stratagem, strategy. 
a^6n» strife — agony, antagonist, antagonicni, agonize. 



* The Oreek tetters are expressed by their Knglieh equivaleut. 



160 



THE UNIVERSAL SPELLING BOOK 



jl 
I 



&kOUdt I hear — acoustic, acoustics, uooumeter. 

angelOS, a messenj^er— angelic, angel, aiclmngol, evangel, -ize, ist, 
-iam, -ical. 

anthrdpos, a miiii--antliroi>ology, philanthropy, misanthropy. 

archS, beginning, sovereignty— archaism, archives, arclion, auurchy, 
monarchy, oligarchy, patriarch, tetrarch. 

astdr or astron, a star— astronomy, astronomical, astrology ; aster, 
asterisk ; astral, disaster, disastrous. 

athletes, a wrestler— athlete, athletic. 

atmos, vapor— atmosphere, atmospherical. 

autOS, one's self— autocrat, autograph, automaton, autonomy, auto- 
biography, tautology. 

balls, I throw— ball, ballet, emblem, hyperbole, parable, problem, 

symbol, dialKjlical. 
baptize, I dip or sprinkle— baptist, baptism, baptismal, anabaptist, 

pfedobaptist. 
basis, the bottom— iMWemenf., ba-seless, abase, debase, abashed, 

bashful. 
biblOS, a book— bible, bibliography, hibliopolist, bibliomania. 
bios a, life— biography, biology, amphibious. 



character, a mark of distinction— cbanicter, characterize, character 

kstic. 
charts, love, or thanks— charity, charitable, eucharist, euchoristic. 

Chelr, the hand— chirography, chirology, chiromancy, enchiridion, 
chirurgeon (whence surgeon). 

ChOl6, bile, anger— melancholy, choler, choleric. 

ehPlStOS, anointed— Christ, chrism, christen, Christianity, Christ- 
mas, antichrist. 

chroma, color— chrome, chromatics, achromatics. 

ChrOnOS, time— chronic, chronicle, chronology, chronometer, anucli 
ronism, synchronous, synchroniiie, synchronism. 

cosmos, order, the world— cosmical, cosmogony, cosmo[iolite, micro- 
cosm, cosmetic. 

Cr&nion, a skull— cranium, craniology, pericranium. 

eratOS, power— democratic, aristocracy, autocratic, theocracy. 

Crlt6s, a judge— critic, criticism, crisis, diacritical, hypocrisy. 

OruptA, I hide— crypt, cryptography, apocrypha. 



mi 



PABT IX 



161 



euelOS, a circle— cycle, encyclical, epicycle, encyclopiEdia, encyclo- 
pedist, cyclopa. 

dalmon, a spirit— demon, demonaic, deraonism, demonology, pande- 
monium. 

d6k&t ten^-decade, decalogue, indecagon, dean. 

d6m05, the people— denmgogue, democracy, endemic, epidemic, 
pandemic. 

despotes, a master— despotic, despotism. 

dogma, doxa, opinion, glory— dogma, dogmatic, dogmatize, dog- 
matism, doxology, orthodox, heterodox, paradoxical. 

dctOS, given — antidote, anecdote, anecdotal. 

dynamiS, power— dynamics, dynameter, dynasty, dynastic. 

eidOS, form- asteroid, conoid, spheroid, kaleidoscope. 
electron, amber— electrical, electricity, electrify, electrodynamics. 
ergon, work— energy, liturgy, metallurgy, georgic, organisation. 
ethnos, a nation — ethnical, ethnology, ethnographer. 
ethos, custom — ethics, ethical. 

eU, well— euchologion, euphony, euphemism, eulogy, eucharist, 
evangelist. 



gamos, marriage — agamist, bigamy, misagamist, polygamy. 

ge, the earth— geocentric, geography, geology, geometry, apogee, 
perigee. 

gennaO, I produce— genesis, genealogy, homogeneous, oxygen, 
hydrogen, nitrogen. 

gnoskd, I know— gnomon, gnosticism, diagnostic, physiognomy, 
prognostic. 

glAssa or glOtta, the tongue— gloss, glossary, glossarial, glottis, 
epiglottis, polyglot. 

gonla, an angle— pentagon, heptagon, polygon, diagonal, trigonom- 
etry. 

gramma, a letter — grammar, anagram, diagram, epigram, pro- 
gramme, telegram. 

graphd, I write— graphic, grave, autograph, epigraph, biography, 
geography, paragraph, telegraph, topography, etc. 

gumnos, naked — gymnast, gymnastics, gymnasium. 

gund, a woman — gynocracy, misogynist, misogyny. 
11 



. u 



162 



THE UKIVEK8AL SPELLING BOOK 



III 



hedra, » seat— cuthedrol, sanhedrim, |Mlyho(iron, etc. 

MllOS, the 9U11— heliocentric, helioscoi^, heliotro|je, aphelion, peri- 
helion, (nrhelion. 

himera, a day —ephemera, ephemeral, ephemeris. 

heteros, the other— heteroclite, heterodox, heterogeneous. 

helrOS, sacred -hieruchy, hieroglyphic, hierojiraphy, hierophant. 

hlSUmli to phice— apostate, ccsUcy, sUtics, statistic, aystoni, 
systematize. 

hodOS, a way— episode, exodus, method, ist, ioal, period, -ical, 
synod. 

homos, like— homogeneous, homologous, homonymous. 

huddr, water— hydraulics, hydrogen, hydrophobia, •hydrostatics, 
anhydrous. 

humneo, I sing— hymn, hymnal, hymuology. 

Idlos, idiom— idiot, idiocy, idiosyncrasy. 

ISOS, equal (in composition)— isochronous, isosceles, isothermal. 

lambano [lept), I Uke— syllable, catalepsy, epilepsy. 
laOS, the people— laity, laic, lay, as opposed to clerical. 
legd, I speak orcoUeetr-lexicon, dialect, eclectic, elegy, prolegomena. 
UthOS, a stone— aerolite, lithography, lithotomy, monolith. 
logos, a word— logic, analogy, apologue, catalogue, decalogue, dia- 
logue, entomology, geology, neology, theology, zoology, etc. 
lUO, I loose— analyze, analysis, palsy, paralytic. 
lyra, a lyre- lyric, lyrical, lyrist, lyriated. 

machd, a fight— logomachy, monomachy, naumaehy, soiomachy. 
mania, madness— mania, monomania, bibliomania. 
martyr, a witness— martyr, martyrdom, miirtyrology, protomartyr. 
manthano {malh), leam -philomath, polymathy, mathematics, 

mdChane, a machine— mechanic, mechanics, mechanism, machina- 
tion, machinist. 

melOS, a song- melody, melodious, melodrama ; Philomel. 

mitPOn, a measure— metre, metrical, barometer, diameter, geometry, 
perimeter, symmetry, thermometer, trigonometry. 

mlCPOS, small -microscopic, microcosm, micrographic, micrology. 

mlseo, I hate— misanthropist, misogynist, misogamiat. 

mnema, memory— mnemonics, mnemotechny, amnesty. 



FABT IX 



163 



monoSt one — moniul, monarch, monarchy, monk, monaatic, mono- 

|K>ly, monotheism, monotony. 
inorph6» shape— amorphous, metamorphose, inlymorphous. 
muthOS, a fable— myth, mythical, mythology. 
naus, a ship— nautical, nautilus, aeronaut, nausea, nauseous, naa- 

Hoate. 
neCPOSt dead— necrojmlis, necromancy. 

nomos, a Jaw, or rule— anomaly, antinomian, astronomy, economy. 
neuron, a nerve — neuralgia, neurology, aneurism. 

6d6, a song — ode, epode, monody, parody, pKalmody : comedy, tragedy. 

OikOS, a house— economy, diocese, parochial, iwrii*h. 

Onona, a name— anonymous, metonymy, [Hironymou^i, patronymic, 

sj'nonymous. 
Optlcos, belonging to seeing — optics, optical, optician, catoptrics, 

dioptrics, myopy, synopeis. 
OFAinai a view — cosmorama, diorama, panorama. 
OFthOSt right — orthodox, orthoepy, orthography. 
osteon, a bone— osteology, periosteum. 
OXUS, sharp, acid— oxide, oxygen, oxytone, paroxysm. 



pals, a child— pedagogue, pedagogy, pEedobaptism. 

pan, all (in composition)— panacea, pandemic, panoply, pantheism. 

pathos, feeling— pathetic, pathology, antipathy, apathy, sympathy. 

petalon, a leaf- petals, bipetalous, polypetalous, etc. 

petros, a stone — petrify, putrescent, petroleum. 

phagO, I eat— anthropophagi, ichthyophagi, sarcophagus. 

phalnd, I appear— pliaaia, phantom, phenomenon, fantasj , sycophant. 

phdmi iphas), I speak — blaspheme, blasphemy, emphasis, euphem- 
ism, prophet. 

pherd, I bear— periphery, metaphor, phosphorus. 

phllOS, a friend— philanthropy, philosopher, philter; Theophilua. 

phdne, a sound — phonetic, aphony, euphonious, symphony, taato- 
pfaony. 

phOS, light — phosphor, phosphorus, phofcc^^f^y, photometer. 

phFJLslS, a phrase— phraseology, paraphrase, periphrase. 

phrdn, the mind — phrenology, frenzy, frantic, frenetic. 

phQSiS, nature— physic, physiology, physiognomy, metaphysics. 

plaSS6, 1 form— plastic, plasm, plaster, catapUsm, protoplastic 



164 



THE UNIVERSAL SPELLING BOOK 



pneuma, the wind, a breath -pneumatics, pneumatology, pneumonia, 

pneumonic. 
poM, I make— poem, poet, poetical, poeay. 
p61eOi I sell— bibliopulist, monopoly, pharmBCO[K)liat. 
polls, a city— police, |»licy, politic, jwlity, metropolia, political, 

cosmopolite, necropolis. 
poluS, many— polygon, polyglot, polysyllable. 
POUS {pod), a foot— antiijodes, polypus, tripod. 
prOtOS, first— protasis, protocol, prototype, protophut. 
PMIIO, to play- psalm, psalmody, psalmist, pealter, psalUry. 
psueM, breath, soul— psychology, metempsychosis, paychomachy. 
puP, fire— pyre, pyramid, pyrotechny, pyrometer, empyreal. 



rheO, I flow — rheum, rheumatism, rhetoric, catarrh, diarrhcea, 
resin. ^ 

sarx, flesh— aaroasm, sarcophagy, sarotic, anasarca. 
seopto, I see— scope, helioscope, polyscope, telescope, bishop, epis- 
copacy, microscope, horoscope, kaleidoscope. 
SOphOS, wise— sophism, sophistry, sophisticate, philosophy. 
sphaira, a sphere— sphericity, atmosphere, hemisphere. 
Stereos, solid, firm— sUreotype, stereoscope. 
StechOS, a line, a verse — distich, hemistich, decastich, acrostia • 
StellA, I send— apostle, epistle. 
StrOpMi a turning— apostrophe, catastrophe, antistrophe. 

tau6, I arrange— tact, tactics, syntax. 

taphOSt a tomb — epitaph, cenotaph. 

techni, art— technical, technology, polytechnic, pyrotechnist. 

tele, afar ofl— telegraph, telescope, teleology, telegram. 

theos, God— theism, theology, atheist, pantheon, theocracy. 

thermos, hot— thermometer, thermal, isothermal. 

tlth6ml, I place— theme— thesis, antithesis, epithet, synthesis. 

tomd, a cutting— atom, atomic, anatomy, entomology, epitome, 

lithotomy, phlebotomy. 
tones, a sound— tone, tonic, semitone, oxytone, detonate, intonation, 

monotony. 
topOS, a ptace^topiu, topical, topography, Utopian. 



PAST IX 



165 



toxleon, poiaon— intoxiosle, intoxication. 
tropos, a turn— trope, tropicul, heliotropB. 

tupos, a pattern or Bgure-type, typical, typify, typography, anti- 
type, stereotype. 

«6on, an animal— lodiac, toology, loography, lootomiat ; azoKi. 



B. PREFIXES 

btrdiM on the prlnuiy and lecondary meaaln(i of derlTatlrn 
fonned by Preflzei. 

Note. -The pupils shonld be required to write similar examples 
under each of the prefixes. 

ANGLO-SAXON PREFIXES (arranged alphahtlicalti,). 



PHXrix 


MKANINO 


nKRivATitraa 


LITKRAL 

MBININO 


8BCONDART 

MKANINO 






jHground 


on ground 


Stranded— Stop- 


a 


at or on 


1 




ped 






i ahead 


at the head 


forward— furth- 








er on 




to makf. 


/•beguile 


to use guile 


to amuse — to 


be 




1 




deceive 




about 


1 beset 


to set about 


to enclose 




by or in 


V below 


in a lower place 


inferior in rank 




to make 


f ennoble 


to make noble 


to elevate — to 










exalt 




in or into 


I embalm 


to put in balsam 


to preserve 


for 


not 


/forsake 


not to seftk 


to leave — to 








abandon 


fore 


b^ore 


/forerunner 


one who runs 
before 


a herald — mes- 
senger 


mis 




("mislay 


to lay in a 


to lose 




wrong 


wrong place 




out 


above or 
bej/ond 


foutpost 


a place beyond 


a picket or 




the camp 


guard 



166 



THE UNIVERHAL SPELLING BOOK 



■BAMIMO DBRIVATIVn 



above^too 

much 



over 

un not 

undor beneath 

With from 



I overshadow 

UDUUMlly 

/ underhand 
I withhold 



i.rrBftAf. 
M RAN ma 



to place a sha- 
dow over 

not uuinly 

beneath the 
hand 

to hold from 



■KL-ONDAHT 

MKANINO 



to Hhield~to 
protect 

I 'o wardly — mean 

j*ly, or clandes- 
tine 

to hinder* or 
prevent 



CLASSIC PREFIXES (arranged aiphah*-lkniiy). 



ad. ae. 

an. ap 
or ar 



ante fe^we 

eiroum anmnd 



con, CO. 

col. com together 

or cor 



SSSS-r-^"^ 



nKRITATIVim 



(absolve 
abjare 

i advance 
affiance 
apply 
I'ante- 
I chamber 

f circumvent 

I 

^concourse 



I coincide 
f contraband 



counteract 
counterfeit 



LITERAL 
MKANINO 



to loose from 
to Bwear away 

from 
to move to the 

van 
to give faith to 

to fold to 

H chamber be- 
fore the chief 
one 

to come round 
another 

a running to- 
gether 

to wink to- 
gether 

to fall in to- 
gether 

against the 
proclamation 

to act against 

tomakei^^nHt 



BKCONDAHY 
MKANINO 



to {lardon 
to abandon 

to promote — to 

im[n^ve 
to promise in 

marriage 
to iise — to ask 
a waiting room 



to cheat 

a multitude 

to overlook a 

fault 
to agree 

smuggled 

to hinder 
to imitate — to 
feign 



PART IX 



ler 



PHwix »•"*""<" 



doti*H or 
frnm 



npart 



Alt or 

dl 

9,tXor 

ec 



6Xtra ftfymtd 

lllf Im, il in, on, or 
or Ir i«to 

lnt6r hetitYfn 
intro »*tMi« 



UKKIVATIVIW 



deviate 

I dilapjdtttion 

/'ex|)ec]ite 

eoceiitric 
I educate 

/extravnf^nt 

itxIorHe 



Ob,- OC, agaimt or 
of, op, in tcay 
etc. of 



per 

post 
pre 

pro 



through 
<hfttr 

hifOTt. 

forth or 
forward 



back or 
again 



re 

retro backuHirdx 



inspect 
-im|>ede 
/intercourse 

introduce 

[■object 
occur 

[offer 

{|>eriNli 
perennial 

fiOHtpone 
j 'remit tu re 
r project 

redeem 
reform 



I..IKHAL 
MBANINO 

to cut down 
to >fo from the 

Wnv 
to put a crowrl 

HNUiider 
HtniiffA fallin}; 

a|iurt 
to take the feet 

out 
outof the centre 
to lead nut 

wandering \\b- 

yoiid 
to write on the | 

hack I 

to look into 
toputthefeetin 
to run between 



■KCUNUAItr 
MKANINO 



toend— to Nettle 
to err— to stray 

to stir— to Hgi- 

tate 
ruin— decay 

to ha(it«n or 

quicken 
Olid— paculiar 
to train — to in* 

Htruet 
wasteful— wild 

t«>*ign— toagree 



retrograde 



to Icjid within 

tothrowagaiuMt 
to run in way of 

to put in way of 

to go through 

through the 
year 

to pl.ire after 

before ripe 

something 
thrown for- 
ward 

to buy back 

to form again 

toateptfflckward 



to examine 
to hinder 
fellowship — 
communication 
to make ac- 
quainted 
to Hnd fault 
t. happen— to 

ap|>ear 
to present— to 

give 
todie— to wither 
lasting — per- 

F>etual 
delay 

too soon , or hasty 
HpIan,orsi:lieme 



to save 

to improve — to 
amend 

\xi hpcome wots© 



168 



THE UNIVEKHAL BPELLINO BOOK 



«."« ""'"'•" 


UKHIVATIVKS 


HBAMINO 


■KCONDAIIV 
MBANtNO 


anittt or 
»• /rom 


Moad* 
■educe 


to go aside 
to leail (rom 


to leave 

to corrupt — to 






deprave 


fine yrithoul 


Tiiinecure 


without care 


an office without 
service 


tubi sue, 


r submit 


to send under 


to yield— to re- 
sign 


tutor undtr 






rap 


I. succor 


to run under 


to help— to aid 


raper or about or 
tur owr 


^superfluous 
j superlative 


flowinK over 
carried over 


abundant — 
need lees 
highest— best 




Isurvive 


to live over 


to remain 




trmmUte 




to interpret— to 
express in the 
words of an- 


tnuM, 

tra, acrou or 






otherUnguage 


tnfor (wyond 


trtduoa 


to lead across 


to slander 


tre* 


tralBo 


to make across 


to trade 




trespass 


to pass across 


to sin 




.transcend 


toolimb beyond 


to excel 


ultra. hetood 


/ultramontane 


beyond the 
mountain 


foreign 




japathy 
\anarchy 


without feeling 


coldness 


a or an without 


without rule 


confusion 




rampbitheatre 


theatre on both 


ground sloping 


amphi hoth tidtt 




sides 


upwards all 
round 


or anibl or '»tw 


1 ambiguous 


driving two 
ways 


doubtful— un- 
certain 




ranathema 


placed up 


devoted -acurae 


up,l»Kior 


J analyze 


to loose back 


to solve— to ex- 
amine thor- 
oughly 


antt«- ^. 


(•antidote 
[antarctic 


give against 
opposite to arcti 


a cure for poison 
—a remedy 




/apologiie 


to reason away 


to defend 


"S.h/'- 


1 

(aphelion 


from 
from the sun 





PAHT IX 



JEI" ""»>"« 


llRHIVATtrCa 


LITKHAI. 
MKANINO 

towuml down, 


■KCUNbAHr 
MKANINO 


MM donm 




to r«aRh \u 




or in the ear 


que*»tinM 


dUt through 


rdUrrhira 


a flowing 
through 


name i>f a dis- 

oiuie 




(energy 


inwani |xjwer 


1 'I'-e ' xpirit 


•nor em in 


\ empiric 


oneHkilledin 


1 'iiiiit-U, i>r pre 




I 


pra(-ti('«alom' 


tent let 


*% /oror.;». 


(epitome 


a cutting ii(M>n, 
as a 1)(>'>I'. 


nn iibridgim-nt 




lephemeral 


for a Uiiy 


1 ri«('. or Nhort 


M or ex o<X 


exegeftis 


a leadini; nut 


in 'Xplaujitibii 


hyp«r ixyoiirf 


1 hyperborean 


h«yon<l tlie 


.,.1.1, '.ig,' 


hypo Hnd«r 


rhypocrite 


one under a 
musk 


ti fct;'Tirr- dis- 
wn.bl) 1 


■"S!?.i^v>- 


r metaphysics 
I method 


after physics 


mentJil Sf.-iunco 


after a wuy 


order 




■|«rable 


thrown side by 

side 
Horaething 

shown side 


a coniru-'risun 


par. "t;f 


paradigm 


a modt'l, or ex- 
ample 




by side 






parasite 


one near for 
fotxl 


a flatterer 




period 


the way round 


stated time, or 
end 


P«rl round 


{leripatetics 


followers of 
Aristotle, who 
taught walk- 
ing about 






fsynod 


a going to- 


an ecclesiastical 






gether 


assembly 


syn, syl together. 


syllable 


a taking to- 


a distinct utter- 


or tym <">(* 




gether 


ance 




symphony 


a sounding to- 
gether 


agreement 



The prefiiea, meta and para, have different ahadea of meaning. 



170 



THE CNIVEESAL SPELLING BOOK 



C. AFFIXES (sometimes called poUfiiM or mffixtt). 
Affixes «re letters or syllables placed at the end of a word to modify 

its meaning. u- i. .v.. 

The affiles usually determine the part of speech to which the 
woids they form belong, and therefore may be arranged aocordmg to 
the classes of words formed by their aid. 

Some terminations have several meanings, and are used in formmg 
different parts of speech-as, o/e, in captivn(e a„c1 poteut^tc ; .«*, in 
burnwA and bUckwA i ™, in weaken and woodf ii. 

The same word is often used for the act and the product ; the sute 
and the quality •, the place where and the practice of some art in it- 
ae, formation, animate, surgery. 



AFFI.XES WHICH FORM NOUrs 

1. Aftixkb which desotk. thk pfrmn vho acts, ok who is. 

^«jio.SMO»-ar, and, er, yer, ster. C'taWc-an, ant. ary, ate, 
eer, ent, ic, ist, ile, ive, or. 



Eramplef 



Vagrant, one who » .1 .Jera 
Favorite, one who is fi'.vored. 
Captive, one who is taken in 

war. 
Mountaineer, one who lives 

among the mountains, 
(^.amester, one who gambles. 



Liar, one who tells lies. 
Coward, one who is afraid. 
Antiquary, one who studies old 

things. 
Patentee, one to whom a patent 

is granted. 
Oculist, one who professes tc. 
cure the eye. 

The pnpil should be required to expUiin the foUowi„g list of words, 
under each class, in a similar manner • 
ar beggar, bursar, scholar, vicar. 

ard dotard, drunkard, sluggard, steward, wiiiird. 

ar brazier, butler, draper, mariner, talker, walker. 

nr lawyer, sawyer. 

gttr barrister, chorister, maltster, punster, spinster 

«a Christian, European, Canadian, librari.iii, veteran. 



i^l 



PART IX 



171 



tOBt aaaailant, combatant, meDdicant, lieutenant, litigunt. 

ny contemporary, incendiury, lapidary, voluptuary. 

ato advocate, curate, delegate, l^ate, potentate. 

M asHJgpiee, employee, legatee, referee, refugee. 

MF auctioneer, charioteer, mutineer, pioneer, ncrutineer. 

•Bt adherent, client, patient, president, regent, student. 

to critic, domestic, dialectic, mechanic, sceptic. 

l8t botanist, linguist, monopolist, naturalist. 

Ito bedlamite, cosmopolite, eremite, Canoanite. 

!▼• fugitive, native, operative, representative. 

OP ancestor, benefactor, competitor, malefactor. 

2. Affixks which hknote thk thing irhich is, or is don'E. 
Cl'Jt^ic — ary, ice, nient, mony, ory. 



E.mmplt8 



Boundary, that which lK>unds. 
Testimony, that which is testified. 



Aliment, that which nourishes. 
Territory, the land which belongs 
to any one. 

9Xf anniversary, corollary, luminary, preliminary. 

loo advice, device, juHtice, notice, practice, service. 

mont advertisement, amendment, amusement, document 

mony alimony, [wtrimoiiy, sanctimony. 

cry auditory, directory, memory, promontory. 

X Affixks which den'Otk thk place where a thing is, ur 19 donc. 
ry, er^', ary, ory. 



Example* 



Vestry, a place vhere vestments 

are kept. 
Aviary, a place where birds are 

kept. 



•ry 
wy 

orjr 



Fishery, a place where fish are 

caught. 
Armory, a phioe where arms are 

kept. 

foundry, laundry, drapery, 
cemetery, colliery, nunnery, nursery, surgery, 
apiary, gi-inury, dispensary, library, 
dormitory, factory, observatory, oratory. 



172 THE CNIVEBSAL SPELLING BOOK 

4. Amxf:s which denote rank, office ob dominion. 
AnylO'Saxon — dom, ric, ship. Claasic — acy, ate. 

Examples 

Dnkedom, the rank of a duke. Bishopric, the jurisdiction of a 

Curacy, the office of a curate. bishop. 

Kingdom, the dominion of a king. 

domand rlO Chrifltendom, heathendom, earldom, archbishopric. 
ship clerkship, mafltership, professorship. 

ftCy» cy abbacy, captaincy, magistrat-y, jwipacy. 
ate electorate, protectorate, pontificate. 

5. Affixes which denote puraons or things ruLLKCTivEi.y. 
age. ry. 

Exftmples 

Aiwemblage, a collection of per- Foliage, the leaves of » tree or 
sons. forest- 



afire 

py 



coinage, cordage, leakage, plumage, 
finery, gentry, machinery, peasantry. 



6. Affixes which denote the art of noisn, ok the thing done. 
age, ion, ment, ure. 

Examples 

Pillage, the act of plundering, or Sepulture, the act of burying, or 

theft. burial. 

Operation, the act of working, or Entertainment, the act of treat- 

ti e process. ing guests, or a feast. 

afif6 carriage, marriage, |>assage, postage. 

ion admission, disNection, inspection, passion. 

ment atonement, commencement, elo{>ement, interment. 

ure creature, capture, disclosure, departure, imposture. 

7. Affixes which denote etate, contrition, qxtalUy. 

Anglo-Saxon — dom, hood, neaa, ry, ship, th. C/a*»ic— acy, age, anea, 
ancy, eace, ency, ism, ment, mony, tude, ty or ity, ure. 



PAET IX 



173 



Widowhood, 

widow. 
Partnership, 

partner. 



lUMd 



Mgr 

•«« 

anee, ansy 
ence, ency 
Uffl 



mony 



ty or Ity 
ure 



Examples 

the state of heinj? a Activity, state of being active. 

Va8sahi«e, condition of a vaanal 
state of being a Diligence, quality of being dil,. 
gent. 
Holiness, state of being holy. 

freedom, thraldom, martyrdom, wisdom. 

boyhood, girlhood, likelihood, priesthood, manhood. 

bles,»dnes8, deafness, darkness, gentleness, weakness. 

bravery, galUntry, pedantry, rivalry, slavery. 

apprenticeship, friendship, hardship, suretyship, 
death, truth, mirth, strength, youth. 

accuracy, degeneracy, legitimacy, suprcmnry 
bondage, dotage, marriage, peerage, pilgrimage, 
abundance, brilliancy, repentjince, pliancy, 
patience, effulgence, clemency, potency, 
barbarism, parallelism, schism, truism, 
agreement, banishment, enjoyment, punishment, 
acrimony, matrimony, parsimony, 
altitude, aptitude, gratitude, .servitude, solitude, 
brevity, captivity, docility, felicity, poverty. 
composure, pleasure, rupture, torture, verdure. 



8. Affixes which oenotk arf, ick„r,, pranice, ob docirim,. 
Anylt, Harm-ty. Clu,... -jcs, ism, ure. 

Cookery, the art of cookmg. Calv.uism, thedoctrinesof Calvin 

Optics, the «..rence of s, «ng. .S, ulpture, tU art of .arving. 

ry bribery, carpentry, chemistry, roj<utry, treachtry. 

ethics, mathemalH- physics, yuKtu. r«ctic«. 
criticism, Hespotwo, (xitrJotism, gn-wti«;«s, polyt»i«i«n> 
agriculture, archite<,«ure, manufaotore 

9, ArfixKs Mninr i.Kv.ri-K, dimlniUioii, .m lilll,.. 

Anyl^, »,,ro» -el •» k-, kin, let or et, ling, ,xi. y or ie, 

CUutir Mr. cule, or uto 



Ism 

UP* 



174 



THE UNIVERSAL SPELLING BOOK 



Ejramples 



Leaflet, a little leaf. 
(ioBling, a little gooae. 
Paddock, a little parli. 



Canticle, a little song. 
Reticule, a little net. 
Granule, a little grain. 



el, le satchel, kestrel, sickle. 

kin, en lambkin, mannikiii, kitten, chicken. 

let, et coronet, floweret, turret, eaglet, bracelet, rivulet. 

Ung darling, duckling, foundling, stripling, seedling. 

oek bullock, hillock. 

y or ie Tommy, Willie, Jamie, lassie, Iwby. 

ele, eule conventicle, icicle, animalcule. 

Ule globule, Apherule. 

AFFIXES WHICH FORM ADJECTIVES 

1. ArrixES desotino of, like, or pertoiniiiy to. 

■e, al, an, ur, ary, ic, ical, id, ile, ine, ory ; oh, eae, ish. 



Ej'fim/iftM 



Dental, pertaining to the teeth. 
Lunar, pertaining to the moon. 
Angelic, pertaining to angels. 



Lucid, pertaining to light. 
Canine, pertaining to a dog. 
Romish, pertaining to Borne. 



ac cardiac, elegiac, hypochondriac. 

al autumnal, final, paternal, royal, vernal. 

an cerulean, human, republican, sylvan, Canadian. 

ar cir ulur. globuhir, lunar, ocular, singular. 

ary caprUary, honorary, military, [lecuniary. 

le chaotic, despotic, domestic, gigantic, public. 

leal botanical, clerical, nautical, technical, poetical. 

Id candid, fervid, humid, morbid, splendid. 

Be febrile, hostile, infantile, juvenile, mercantile. 

IM aquiline, feline, masculine. saUne, divine. 

ory consototory, piscatory, promissory, valedictory. 

ah Scot/-b, Welsh, French. 

tf$ Chinese, Genoese, .Maltese, Portuguese. 

Ml Engliab, Irish, British, Danish, Swedish. 



PABT IX 



175 



Anglo-Saxm-lu\, some, y. (:i„^c-oan, om, ute. 



Examipif-ft 



Fa^hful, full of fuith. 
Frolii^-Monie, tiill of fuii, 
Kjiotty, full of knots. 



Joynas, full of joy. 

JOCOW!, full of jot«.. 

PaH«ionute, full of |«i.«»ion. 



ftll artful, careful, doleful, grateful, stotliful. 

iWn» l)unlen«,rae, gliidsome, liumorsonw, wholesome. 

7 Uilmy, cloudy, Howery, migljty, m«».sv, ro.kv 

OItt amhitious, beauteouB, dubious, erro«ou», ti.noroua. 

•» comatose, morlwse, morose, verbose. 

•M considerate, fortuuHle, moderate, ornate, intricate. 

3. ArrixEa dknotinn lih.uem. 
AuijIoSaxmi—Kh, like, ly. 



Ej-fim/Jri 
Boyish, like a hoy. Manlike, like a 

ish 
like 

ly 



man. Friendl\'. like h friend. 



Iirutish, clownish, knavLsli, foolish, monkish. 
Chiistianlike, giantlike, warlike. Godlike, hulylike. 
brotherly, cowardly, matronly, princely, worldly. 

4. Affixes nKvoTrv,: ,„„y „,. ,„„ ,;„, ok *«. 
Clasxir -able. ihlp. i|e, ive. 



/;,/ 



Arable, can 1« ploughed Ductile, can he drawn out 

Audible, may he heard. Active, able to act. 

able blamiible, curable, eatable, irnital.le, practicable. 

Ible flexible, legible, intelligible, tangible, vi.sible. 

"6 docile, fragile, tractile, versatile. 

Ive cohesive, defensive, locomotive, productive. 

■). AFFIXUS DE.NOTIMI llfivil OR llnillij. 

Claamc—mt or ent ; like or iMxdt of. Ani^-Sazon-m. 



176 



THE UNIVERSAL SPELLING BOOK 



Examptet 
Dormant, heing mleep. Flaxen, like flax, made of Sax. 

Pendent, hanging down. Eartlien, made of earth. 

ant errant, pleasant, verdant, vigilant. 

ent antecedent, beneficent, belligerent, malevolent. 

en brazen, golden, leaden, silken, wooden, woollen, 

rt. Affixks denotino diminvii<fn AND pni^vm. 
Anglo-Saxmt- 'sh and less. 

Example9 
Brackish, a little salt. Saltless, without salt. 

Ish duskish, feverish, greenish, slavish, whitish. 

less bloodless, breathless, friendless, homeless, lifeless. 

The termination mme denotes a degree of the quality indicated— as 
blithesome, delightsome, gladsome, lonesome, toilsome, wholesome. 

The termination th, added to the cardinal numbers, forms the 
ordinal numbers, which are adjectives— as four, fourth ; six, sixth. 

The terminations em and erly, and tmrd, added to north, east, 
south, and west, form adjectives expressing direction— as north, 
northern, northernly, northward. 

AFFIXES WHICH FORM VERBS 

Affixes which siosifv io make, lake, or givt. 

Anglo-Saxon — en, ish. Clamic—nte, fy, ise, or iw. 

Examples 
Brighten, to make bright Eradicate, to take the roots out. 

Publish, to make puV>lio. Amplify, to make large. 

Apologiie, to make an excuse. Equalize, to make equal. 

en cheaiicn, enlighten, gladden, moisten, quicken. 

lib admonish, embellish, establish, impoverish, finish. 

IM calculate, captivate, decapitate, perforate, terminate. 

fy fortify, magnify, qualify, rectify, sanctify, verify. 

Ize authorize, fertilize, pulverize, scrutinize. 

Some verbs are formed by widing ( or k, r or er— as hand, handle ; 
itart, startle ; knee, kneel ; draw, drawl ; wave, waver ; long, linger ; 
«pit, sputter ; whine, whimper. 



PART IX 



177 



AFFIXES WHICH FORM ADVERBS 
1. AtriXES DESOTiN<i mmimr—i.Y and wise. 



Artfully, ill an artful manner. 
JuHtly, in a just inunuer. 
Honestly, in an houeat manner. 



Ejrani/iifin 



CrofwwiBe, in a croM manner. 
Likewine, in a like manner. 
Otiierwise, in another manner. 



2. Affi.ves bexoii.\u f/irfrti'on- wakd. 
E.vfim]tlefi 
Eastward, in the direction nf the east ; «o westward, etc 
Heavenward, in the direa,™ of l«iven ; so homeward, etc. 
Leeward, in the direction oppo-rte that from which the wind blows 
Thitherward, in the dire.-tK.n of that place ; so whitherward.. 

The termination ^rd forms l.„th mljectives and «dverl,s-as, he 
travelled northwanf, a, an awk«<irrf inanner, by the downward road. 



D. EXERCISES DT WCKD BUILDING 

Til. ftiUowtog iUustmtion. wiU exnnplUy the construction of word. 

of l«tm origin. Tlie mot word is shown in iUllci : 



PKirixn LATIN Hoom APrixn 



acidulate 

antecedent 

aqueduct 

barbarize 
beatitude 

12 




{acidun)fjicid,^ 

sour j 

{tfdo) cpcf, go' 



■"'(f),alittl( 
-fi/'', to niak< 
-«h/, being 



ia{ftm)af/ue, 

water 
duel, lead 
ilnrinni") 
Imrlmr, rude 

l>€atl, blewedl af being 



■ize, to make 
-/wfc, a atal«- 



to make a little 

sour 
going before 

that which leads 
(tir conducts) 
wat«r 

to make rude 

a state of being 
blessed 



17H 



THE UNIVEUSAL SPELLING BOOK 



LATIN Ul»OTM 



capillary 
congregate '"". 

toj^ether 



contravene 
crucifixion 

discern 

dental 

desperation 

emer^nt 

equanimity 



extrava- 
gance 



exaggerate 

fortitude 
fracture 
grateful 



contra, 
against 



'tin, 
it|)art 



fie, 

t'roin 
«, from 



txtrn, 
beyond 



f.r, out 

or 



{i-nf tilt lit) 
aiiiilft liuir 

tv floc-k 



(r. uio) I'eiit, 

come 
{crux r (■», 



lilt) ctrii, 



Idfiit) fituf, 

todth 
{tfiero) 
siternt, hope 
{iiunjn) 
mfirj;, plunge 



eqnay tKiuuI 
{nnimii") 
animi, niin<l 
(myor) tyiy, 

wiinciur 



•art/, i»er- 

tuiuiti*; to 
•ate, to take 



-ioUf ttiu uct 
of doing 



■at, perUiin- 

iiig to 
•ion, the net 

of doing 
■enf, doing 



■ iti/t the 

Btiite 



, the 



r(j/j/c*', a heap -a/e, toinak" 



(/orti^)/o> 

brave 
{frttaijn) 

fravt, bre;ik 
{ijrntH») 

grnte, 

thtmkfitl 



■tiidf, tlie 
quality 

-((*■'-, the 
conditio-'' 

-fnl, full of 



liertttining to the 

hiiir 
to take II flock 

together — to 

gat.lier together 
to come ugaiiiHt, 

to op|K>se 
the act of fanten- 

ing to a crosM 



to Hee ajiiirt, to 
(UstitiguiHh 

[jurtaining to the 
teeth 

the net of Uikiiig 
hope from 

the plunging 
from, suddenly 
npjiearing, ur- 
gent 

the state of 
Jiavingun equal 
(or even) mind 

the state of wan- 
dering l)eyand 
(due limits), 
lavish ex[»ndi- 
ture 

tu make a heap 
out of, to mag- 
nify unduly 

the quality of 
being brave 

the condition of 
Iteing broken 

full of thanks 



PAKT IX 



179 



PHKKIXR4 LATISr KOOn AKrtXM 



hilarious 
homtcide 

horrify 

Inarable 

Incision 

Illumination 

interrupt 

miscaleulate 

manage 

magnify 
malevolent 

nautical 
odoriferous 



in, not 

m, into 

(in) il, 
into 



(hilarim) 

hitari, 

cheerful 
(homo) homi 

man 
{caedo) cid*-, 

kill 

{korreo) 

horri, 

shuddei 
(aro) am, 

plough 

cut 

[luntfn) 
liimiu, light 



inter, {rumpo) 
between rupf, brtwk 



»1M 

(Aiigia 
Suxon) 
= ill 



(caicuiua) 
calcvl, u 
pebble 

{mawut) 

Tnan, hand 
(ir/o) aj/e, to 

do 
(miitpitM] 

ruatjiii, 

large 
{mtdnn) 

mtilti, bad 
{voio) Ifol, 

WlNh 

{n'iiita)nauf, 

sailor 
(odor) fxiori, 

perfume 
i/eroj/er, 

bear 



■oiu, full ot 



•/i/t to .make 



fiff, can }te 



tidl of cheerful 



the act ut killing 
a man 



to niJtke 
Hhudder 



that can not Ije 
ploughed 
ion, the act the aut of cutting 



of doing 
«/(t), to give 
■itni, the act 



-o/e, to make 



'/y> to make 



■««/, the 
being 



■,»«*/, per- 
taming to 

-OTw, aliound 
ing in 



into 
the act of giving 

light into, a 

display of lights 
to break in be 

tween, to break 

continuity 
to make a wrong 

count with peb. 

ble«, to reckon 

wrongly 
to do (or govern) 

by the hand, to 

control 

to make large 



wishing evil, ill 
disposed to- 
wardN others 

pertaining to 
Hjiilon<, marine 

abound i ng in 
what hears per- 
fume, difFuNJng 
ftagi-ance 



18() 



THE UNIVEB8AL SPELLING BOOK 



WOID 


PttKKIXM 


tATIN HOOTB ; 


irrixu 


MHANINO 


omnipotent 




{omni*) 

OMNI, all 
i/iofem) 

potent, 

powerful 




all powerful 


preoautton 


pre, 
Iwfort' 


(cniv.o) CftHf, 
Uke care 


•iojtt the act 
of doing 


the ant of tak- 
ing care before- 
hand 


proceed 


pro, 
forwaril 


{cede) cetd, 
g" 




to go forwaitl 


pulverise 




{ pulr'nt) 
/m/cer, <lust 


-iW, to 
make 


to make into duHt 


reabsorb 


ah, from 


Huck in 




to suck in again 
from, to swallow 
up again 


rebellion 


re, again 


{hrUnm) Ml, 


ion, the act 


the act of making 






wur 


of doing 


war again 


subscription 


mtb, 
under 


(^rilto) 
m'rifit, write 


■ ion, the act 
of doing 


the act of writing 
under 


superstruc- 
ture 


mper, 
almvQ. 


(ittrno) ttrvct, 
build 


■ lire, the 
thing flune 


that which is 
built above 

(noinethingelse) 


spectator 




(itpe.cto) 
iqitctaty net- 


-or, the one 
who auts 


the one who sees 


stupidly 




{>itupeo) 
Hi lipid, 
stunned 


■ly, like 


like one who in 
stunned, dull 
in undemtand- 


testament 




{ftntiM) tenia. 


-meut, the 


the act of bear- 






witness 


octof duing 


ing witness, a 
solemn declara- 


















tion 


triangle 




{Ires) tri, 

three 
{nngidtui) 

angle, iinyle 




that which hoH 
three angles 


terraqueous 




(/crrtf^ ferr, 

luird 
{aqm'i 

aqii{e), 


■ous, abound 
ing in 


abounding in or 
consisting of 
Und and water 






1 water 


1 

i 





PABT IX 



181 



volatile 
velocipede 



(iWti) ralal, 
fly I 

swift 
(/jf«) ptfie, 
foot 



■iU, can Im) 



ftlilo to flv ttwuy, 
•pt to change 

Nwift fimt, a light 
csrria)^ origin- 
ally moved by 
atrikinstoMon 
the road 



Th. foUowing iUurtritlOM wlU nmpUfj th. conrtnictlon of wotdi 
ol Greak origin. Th« root word ii •hown In Italici : 



WUKU 


HBKKIXICS (IKKKK H00T« 


[ 

; Aii-pixaa 


KUNIXO 


antasronlsm 


(oii/i) 


'■(/on, »lrifo 


iwi, the 


the atate of 


astronomi- 
cal 


uguiriM 


'"tfruii) 


Htute 
i'-'tl. iwr- 


i strivingogainat, 
nppoaition 

pertaining to the 








tjiiiiing til 


law of the atars 






nom, law 






atheist 


a. not 


(iod 


|«^ tlie 
(lerMon wlio 


one wlio (irofeases 






artN 


Ood 


autobio- 
graphy 




utt'foii) nitlu. 

self 
('•IM) hio, life 
l^rapAo) 

graphy, 

write 




life of a peraon 
written by him- 
aelf 


chronome- 
ter 




{fhrouoi*) 

chroiio, 

time 
(meliwi) 

mflfr, 

meustire 




that which meAH- 
ures lime 


diameter 


dia, 






tiiu measure 




through 


meJ^r, 








meuiure 







MIOIOCOrY RESOLUTION TEST CHAET 

(ANSI otid ISO TEST CHART No. 2) 




l^l^l^ 



_^ y-^PPLIED IM/IGE In 

^SST- 1653 Eost Mam Street 

5*.^ Rochester, Ne* York 14609 USA 

•ii^S (716) 482 - 0300 - Phone 

^S (716) 2Q8 - 5989 - Fa« 



182 



THE UNIVERSAL SPELLING BOOK 



ethnology 



hydropho- 
bia 



intoxicate 
isothermal 

monarchy 

necropolis 
orthodox 

pedagogue 



OHi-:KK lutui's 



(ethnw) 

etkno, race 
(logon) logy, 

a word or 

science 
{kfulor) 

hydi\ watei' 

iiiiioitto) 

phohia, fear 

(toxicon) 
toxic, poison 
(tM)<t) im, 

equal 
{thermox) 

iht-rnif hot 
{moHOi) 

mon, alone 
(arche) 

nrchy, 
Hovei-eignty 
( iie.cro») 

u*cro, dead 
(/w/wt), acity 
(ortkog) 

ortho, right 
(doxn) dox, 

opinion 
(j>aw) ped, 

boy 
(ago) agogufi, 

lead 



■nfc, to give 

-af, pertaiTi- 
ing to 



the science of the 
hiiinun rune 



:i fear of water 
one of the 
Mymptoms of 
the disea»te 

to i^ive poison in, 
to i>oison 

pertaining to an 
equal degree of 
heat 



sovereignty 
alone 



II city of the dead 
a rigltt opinion 



a leader of a bo^- 
(to and from 
school), a 

» teacher 



For additional exercises in word building take from the list of Latin 
and Greek roots shown at beginning of Part IX, many of which are 
not illustrated in the above examples. 

COMPOUND WORDS 

Compounds are merely Beparato words, which from being often 
placed together in a (wntence, berome connected. As a language 
gj^^,« oj^er, frefih compounds are formed. At first the hyphen !■* 



PAET IX 



183 



used, hut subsetiiiently it may >*e(Iro|»ifeiI. Cunsetiueiitly, iioubHolute 
rule Clin be given for the u'jo of tlie li\ |»lien. Hnwever, when tlie 
words forming tlie compouiid are nceetitetl ivr KCfHiritte wnnlst the 
hy[>hen shniiM 1>e inserted ; if th<-y are accented as a single worrl. it 
should not he u.^. 

The following shows some of the changes due to French influence and 
reveals the origin of the endings of many English words : 



Frkmii 



Km:msh 



ratio 


ration -is 




raison 


reason 


venatio 


venation 


is 


venison 


\enison 


com {Ml ratio 


comiMtrution-is 


coniparni'*oM 


comfiarison 


tra^litio 


tradition 


is 


treason 


treason 


pugina 






imge 


piige 


gratia 






grace 


grace 


firmamentum 






firmament 


tinniiment 


sacruinentiim 






sacremeiit 


sjuTament 


grandiH domina 
grand lady) 


(a 




grande dame 


graiidam 

(griinny) 


cultura 






culture 


culture 


captura 






capture 


capture 


justitia 






justice 


justice 


vanitas 






vanite 


vanity 


antiquitan 






antiquitu 


antiquity 



PART X 



PUNCTUATION 

Punctuation is the means of indicating by various 
niniks tlie meaning and giummaticai structure of 
written language. 

The following are the chief marks employed in 
English, together ^ith the principal uses of 
each : % 

1. The Period. (.) 

Uses ; 1. To mark the end of a sentence which is 
not a question or exclamation. 

2. To mark all abbreviations, 

as, B.A., p.p.c, Bart., J. Jones. 

3. After numerals used iu numbering, 

a?, iv. 

4. After all headings, 

as, Mammotli Cave. 

2. The Interrogation-Point. (?) 

Uses : 1. Place the interrogation-point at the end 

of every direct question. 

Shall I go ? 

IS4 



PABT X 



185 



2. Plat;e it after inteiTOgative phrases having a 
common dependence. 

'• Where be your gibes now? your gambols? your 
flashes of merriment ? 

3. Place it within parenthesis to express doubt. 

His innocence being proven (?), he was liberated. 

Note. — Do not use it aft«r an indirect question, as, [ asked 
whether 1 sliould go. 

3. The Exclamation-Point. (I) 

Uses : I. After exclamatory sentences. 

Roll on, thou dark and deep blue ocean, roll ! 

2. After exclamative phrases. 

\ dread eternity ! how surely mine ! 

3. After interjections, if passionate. 

Ah me ! how bitter-sweet is love ! 
■ 4. Tr press sarcasm or contempt. 

He asserts that Voltaire was proud, ignorant (!) 
and passionate. 

4. The Colon. (:) 

Uses: 1. To introduce a list, a quotation unless 
very short, or an explanatory proposition. 
He had the following books : 
Then Peter stood forth and said : '• Of a truth I 

perceive that God is no respecter of persons. ' ' 
We hold these truths to be self-evident : that all 
men are created equal ; etc. 



1H(1 



THE UNIVERSAL SPELLING HOOK 



2. To iutv<«liii-t^ or siiin iij) ii stM'ics of idonliiuitc 
clauses. 

You must now liear whiit I liav<^ to nay al)out the 
useB of iron ; wi- »\vf\> on iron ; we tread on iron : 
VIC travel on iron ; we float on iron ; t'tc. 
;i. To intiodticp nii iidditioiial ivmavk in <'xi>linm- 
tion of 11 previous out". 

I am no traveller : it is ten years since I left my 
village. 

4. After the coniplinieiitary address of a letter, 

as, Dear Sir : Dear Madam ; 

Note.— This addresa niiiy he foUowwl l)y n nomma, a coiniim and 
dash, or u colon, l>ut never by a semieolon. 

5. The Semicolon. (;l 

Uses : 1. To separate the clauses of a compound 
sentence, when no conjunction is used. 

! met him as he was leaving the house ; otherwise 
I should not have known where h(^ lived. 

2. Between the nnnilters of a conipotuid sentence 
subdivided by commas. 

In this morass the Homan army, after an inelTeetual 
struggle, was irrecoverably lost ; nor coidd the 
body of the Kniperor ever be found. 

3. Between the particulars of a formal enumera- 
tion, when the items of each division are wparated 
by commas. 

According to form, there are three kinds of sen- 
tences ; first, simple ; second, complex ; third, 
compound. 



PART X 



is; 



4. To separate suboi-dinatc clauses or ]i)irases 
from oiiK another in a series of similar clauses or 
phrases. 

Science dccliires that no particle of matter can be 
<lestrov((l ; that each atom hac its place in the 
universe ; an<I that, in seekinn that place, each 
obeys certain fixed la >■ - 

6. The Comma. (,) 

Uses: 1. To separate nouns and in'oiiouns in 
apjw.fition from the rest of the senteni-e. 

Alexander, the son of Philip, conciucrcd Persia. 

'2. Between two or more words nsed in the same 
way in the sentence. 

Greece, Italy, and Spain are jieninsiilas. 

3. When w^ords of the same class j?" together in 
pairs. 

By day or by night, at home or abroad, asleep or 
awake, he is a constant source of anxiety to his 
parents. 

4. After or before an absolute consti-uction. 

The sun having set, we all went Iiome. 

5. After or before the Nominative of address. 

Friends, Romans, Countrymen, lend me your 
ears. I apologize, ladies and gentlemen, for my 
lateness. 

6. To separate words and phrases like moreover, 



188 



THE UN1VEB8AL SPELLINO BOOK 



too, namely, in fact, so to speak, from the rest of 
the sentence. 

My mission, too, is one of peace. 

He recalled, however, his motive. 

7. Before and after a participial phrase, in-ovided 
the phrase may be expanded into a clause. 

Cffisar, having defeatcil the (iauls, led his army 
into Britain. 
Note.— If the participial phrane cannot '.•) expandwl into ii clauBe, 
no comma in used. 

A man convinced against liis will :s, etc. 

8. Explanatory phrases are separated by commas. 

The field was oblhng, sixty yards in length, forty 
in breadth. 

9. To mark the omission of words logically 
necessaiy to the construction. 

. One was tall ; the other, short. 
Admission, twenty-five cents. 

10. To mark off adverbial jjhrases when they 
open the sentence, or are not closely connected 
with the context. 

On the receipt of your letter, I made enquiries, 
etc. 

11. Before .short, direct quotations. 
He kept crying, " On ! on ! " 

12. In date;?, addresses, as in the foUowinf,;: 

January 1, 1909. 

Dr. C. H. Smith, Toront- York County, Ont. 



PABT X 



189 



13. In complex :sentences, when the dependent 
clause precedes the principal one. 

If you are wise, you will trust him. 

14. To separate an adjecti- ul clause used descrip- 
tively from its noun or pronoun. 

He gent me your book, which I shall be glad to 
return to you. 

15. To separate a long subje<!t, or one that ends 
in a verb from its predicate. 

The tattered soldiers who were finally re«('ued from 
a danger so pressing and so extraordinary, num- 
bered scarcely a hundred. 

Whatever is, is right. 

7. The Dash. (— ) 

Uses : 1. To mark a break or abrupt turn in a 
sentence, i.e., a sudden change in thought. 
Yes— no — I scarcely know what to say. 

2. Instead of a parenthesis. 

At the age of ten — such is the power of genius — he 
could read Greek with facility. 

3. To indicate a hesitating or faltering speech. 

I — er — I — that is, — I don't care. 

4. To mark the omission of letters, figures, or words. 

Here Lord E — stopped him short. 
See pages 4o9-470. 

5. To set oflE an appositive and resume a subject. 

Health, friends, position, wealth — all gone. 

All of us — Tom, Dick, Harry, and Jack — are going. 



1!K) 



THE UNIVEHBAL HPELMNii HOOK 



8. Bracket! or Parentheils. ( ) 

Uses : 1. To t'licloso nil cxiilanutioii, ivft'iviift", 
si(le-sjM>tM!h, etc., which are indt'iit'iKlciit of tlic 
gramm(i*^ical coiistniction of the sentence. 

I'rcscott (17!M>-1 ><•")!») "iis a hrilUant historian. 

I gave all I had (two-|)eni'c) to that nolilf cause. 

2. To mark a iiecessavy distinction as in «iiiautities 
in inatheniutics. 

[(a+h)(a-l)) + i].') = -l."., 

9. Inverted Comsas, Quotation Marks. (" ") 

Usen : 1. Douhh' inverted commas are used to 
indicate that the enclv^^ed Tniitter is a (|iiotation. 
Single invertetl commas in<licate a juotation within 
a quotation. 

This was his reply : "I tell you that he said only 

last niglit, ' Vou will never Bee nie again.' "' 
"Sir," said I, "You insult me." 

2. To eneU)se the name of a lKM)k, jiaper, essay, 
word, or plirase to whidi we wish to diret^t special 
attention. 

This '-History of Knglish Literature" is worth 
reading. 

10. The Hyphen. (-) 

Uses : 1. To connect the parts of a compoui ' 
word. 

Son-in-law. Twenty-five. 

2. To mark the division of a word at the end of 
a line. 



■AltT X 



l!)l 



N'liTK. ('ri Wuriis iif only two ^vlItiltlt'H ^litmlil ni>r t>u <li>i<loil. 
('•) l»ivi<lc lii'twet'n Mvllitltlro : IIL'VCI- l>t>tW('< II (Kilt-. uC Myll.;t>li-M. 

'•>. If is soiin'tiincs used In sc|iai'a[(! two vi.wcis 
not ju-oiM meed tiijiftliiT. 

('i)-ii|i('v;iti()Ji, prr-riniiii'iit. i(i-i)rilinatc. 

11. The Caret, i, ) 

I'fif: 1. To show t lint MHiH'tliiiifr liiix Iki'Ii iii'ci- 
ilfiitully oiiiittiMl. 

ttiiTe r 

III that si'iituncf arc twii vilw. 

A A 

12. The Apostrophe. I') 

I'sc.t : 1. To iiulicatt- tilt! oiiiiss'oii of a letter or 
letters. 

eV'ii. 'tis. iliiii't. 

2. Ill foniiiiij!; the Possessive Case. 

,'!. Ill forming tlie plural of letters, figures, marks, 
etc. 

t's. y's. +'». abc's. 

13. The Asterisk. (*l 

l.'se : 1. To show that some wonls or ehiuses 
have been omitted. 

The .Jewn * '-^ * * * Imd to jiay heavy taxes 
ti> the Nonnan kings. 

14. . alics. 

This refers to the kind of tjiMi used. Oidiimi-y 
type is known as Roman. 



192 



THE XNIVEBSAL HPELLINI* BOOK 



Usen: 1. Words (•xiM'fiullyHiunliu.xiziHlni'eprintal 
in italips. 

Ti) his amazcmont he saw fooiprinli. 

2. To Khow that thu word is from iv foreign liiu- 
guage. 

From A.S. poc, ii vesicle. 

;t. Names of }>ooks, newspuimi-K, maBazines, t'tc, 
are priiitetl in italics. 

The Afail and Empire ia illustrateil to-day. 



PART XI 



COMMON WORPS OFTEN MISPRONOUNCED 

Ik pupils UP' tiiiinht to i.nmoiinte tlm words in !,p 
following lists i.rn|KTl.v, most of tlir cmnnon .Tn.rs m 
pronunciat-,.n will lie i-orrcctcl in a single gpn.mtion. 
One of th^ •lost interesting coniiietitions for s(1i<h)Ih is a 
pronunciation contest. Tlie tea<h<'r writes each word on 

the blacklmard ; the con)|)ctitor8 pr unee the words in 

turn ; and after each woi.l has h. en pronounced all the 
competitors write "yes or "no" on their pap<rs. If 
the word was pronounc ' correctly, each pupil who wrote 
"no" is out of the comiwtition ; if it was pronounced 
mcorrectly those who wrote "yes" are out. Another 
pl'n of conducting a pronunciation "itch is to let all 
remain throughout the lontest aiul 1 , ) a record if the 
mistakes made '.>y each side or liy em., pupil. The side 
or pupil having the smallest number of errors wins. 



SOl'SDS or TIIK MAKKER LETTEK.S 



fi a» in arm 
A " ale 
A and 



i as in eat 
6 " end 
i " ice 



abdomen, ab-du'men, not ab'do- 

uien. 
accent (reW<), ak-aent', not uk' 

fient. 
across, a-kros', not a-krawst'. 
13 



I as ill ill 

6 " Old 
6 " on 



Q as in USa 

a " up 

M " ooze 



adult, a dult', tu>l ad'ult. 
agile, iij'il, ml iij'll, iiur a'jil. 
alien, al yen, »/,« illl en, 

allies I iiouH aud rtrb), allU', not 
al'liz. 



193 



194 



THE UNIVEE8AL SPELLING BOOK 



almond, ii'mund, )io« al'mund. 
alpaca, ul iwk'a, not ala-lMik'u. 
altercate, al'-tei-kat, not awl- 

ter-kat. 
always, awl'waz, not awl'wuz, 

Hor Ol'wuz. 
and, and, not an. 
anxiety, angzi'eU, not anksi'e- 

«. 
apostle, apos'l, ml a-pos'tl, iior 

a-i>aw8't. 
apprentice, ap-pren'lis, not ap- 

prin'tis. 
aqueduct, ak'we-dukt, mi 

ak'-we-dukt. 
arctic, ark'tik, not ar'tik. 
armada, ar-ma'du, }i"t ar-mii'da. 
Asia, a'sViI a, not a'zhe-a. 
asked, askt, not ast. 

athenaeum, atlie-neum, not 

a the'-ne-um. 
attacked, aftakt , not at tak'ted. 
audience, au'dlence, not aw'jl- 

ence. 
auxiliary, awgzil'ya ri, not 

awgz-il'i-a-vl 
awkward, awk'ward, not ork'- 

ard. 



barrel, Mr-el, not barl. 
because, Ije-kawz', not be-kuz'. 
bedstead, bed'>'t«l, not t)ed'stid. 
Beelzebub, be el'zebub, mtl 

bel'ze-bub. 
believe, be-lev', not blev. 
bellows, liel'lus, not bellOz. 
beloved (my.), be-luv'ed; (rtrh) 

be-luvd'. 
betrotli, betrfttb', not betrOtli. 

So be-troth'al. 

binary, bi'na-rt, not bin'ari, 
nor Dt-nari. 



binomial, bino'mlal, not bl- 

no'mlal. 
blaSpliemOUS, blas'fe.mus, not 

blas-fe'mu.s. 
boisterous, bois'ter-us, mt hois'- 

trtis. 
brlerand, brig'and, 110/ tirl jj&nd'. 
brooch. brOcli, not brOoch. 
buoyant, bwoi'ant, 110^ boi'ant, 

j,or>)O0T'aiit. So buoy'ancy. 

business, biz'ness, not biz'Ines. 

cartrldgre, kartrij, not kat'rij. 
catch, kt^cli, not keeh. 
cayenne, ka eu', not kien', nor 

ki-an', 
cemetery, semeter I, mi sem'e- 

tri. 

centenary, sent*-" ii,notnen- 

t«n'a.ri. 
certain, ser'tin, not nertn. 
chaldron, chawrdioii, nut cawl'- 

droii. 
chaos, ka'o!), not ka'us. 
character, kar'akter, nut ka- 

rak'ter. 
chasm, kazm, not kaz'iim. 
children, children, iio^cbil'dum. 
chimney, chim'nl, not chim'll, 

nor chim'bll. 
chisel, chiz'el, not diiz'l. 
Christmas, kris'mas, mt krist'- 

mas. 
circuitous, sur ku'it-us, not sur'- 

kit-us. 
citizen, sit'l zn, not sit'lzeii. 
cochineal, kach'inSl, not koch'l- 

lli-1. 

coffee, kofe, not kaw'fe. 
COlTln, kof'in, HOI kawf'in. 
column, kol'am, not kol'yOOm, 
nor kol'yum. 



i: 



PAKT II 



195 



comely, kum'U, not kOm'U. 
complaisance, kom-pla-zance' 

or kom'pla-zance, not kom- 

pla'sance. 
concave, kong'kav, not kon'k&v. 
contrary, kon'trarl, not kon'trl, 

nor kon-tra'ri. 

coquette {noun), ko-ket', not 
ko-kwet'. 

courteous, kurt'e-us or kOrt'yuH. 
covetous, kuv'et-us, not kuv'e- 
chus. 

cranberry, kran'ber-ri, jiot 

kram'brl. 
creek, krek, imI krik. 
crouch, krowch, not krOAch. 
current, kur'rent, not kuriit. 
curtain, kur'tin, not kurt'n. 

daunt, d&nt, not dawnt. 

deaf, d6f, not def. So deafen. 

depends, depends', not de-{)eiiz'. 
depot, de-po' or daiK)'. 
depths, depths, not deps. 
dessert, dez-zert', no< dez'ert. 
dew, dQ, not dGO. 
diamond, di'a-mund or di'mund. 
discern, diz-zem', not diH-:ern'. 

disputable, diii'pu-ta-bl, not dis- 
pu'ta-bl. 

divan, dl-van', not di'van. 

diverse, di'verse, nof di-verse'. 

So di'verse-ly, 

dolorous, ddro-rus, not do'lo- 

rus. 
donkey, dong'ki, not duQg'kl. 
doth, duth, not dOLh. 
drowned, drowiid,no/drown'ded. 
duet, da-et', not dMet'. 
duke, dok, not dook. 

duty, da'ti, not doo'ti. 



eleven, e-Iev'n, not levn. 
elm, Sim, not i\'\»m. 
encore, Ang-kOr', not dng'kOr. 
enfirine, en'jin, not eti'jin. 
epizootic, ep-I-zo-ot'ik, not ep-i- 
zOO'tik. 

equlpagre, ek'wlpej, not e- 

Kwip'ej. 
esquire, es-kwir', not ew'-kwir. 
eUquette, et'l-ket, not et'I-kwet. 
European, aro-pe'an, not a-ro'- 

pean. 

excellent, eka'sel-lent, not eks'- 
lent. 

excise, eks-siz', not eks'aiz. 
exempt, egz-emt', not eka-emt'. 
exploit, eks-ploit', not ekN'ploit. 
exquisite, eks'kwlzifc, not eks- 
kwiz'it. 

extempore, eks-tem'po-re, not 
eks-tem'por. 

factory, fak'to-ri, not fak'trt. 
falchion, fawl'chun or fawl'shun, 

not ffit'chun. 
February, feb'rto-a-r!, not feb'a- 

arl, nor feb'i-w6r-rl. 
feminine, foml-nln, not feml- 

Dttie. 

fertile, fer'tll, not fer'tiL 
flnale, fe-na'le, not R'n&L 
flaccid, fluk'sid, not flas'id. 
for^ret, forget', not for-git'. 
fragrile, frajll, not frajU 
futile, fu'tll, not fu'tn. 

gaunt, giiiit, not gawnt. So 

gauntlet. 
gentlemen, ien'ti-men,7io«jeirtl- 

mun. 
geography, je-og'ra-fl, nut jog- 



196 



THE UNIVERSAL SPELLING BOOK 



. !t{ 



geometty, je-om'e-trl, not jom'e- 

tri. 
get, get, not git. 
God* gdd, not gawd. 
governor, guvem-ur, not guv'- 

nur. 
gOVePnment, gOv'em-ment, not 

guv'er-ment. 
grievous, grCv'us, not grfiv'i-UM. 
grimace, grimace', HO^ grim'ace. 
gutta-percha, gut'ta-per'cfta, 

Tiot gut'ta-per'ka. 

harass, har'as, not ha-ran'. 
haunch, hilach, not hawiich. 
haunt, hfint, not hawnt. 
hearth, harth, not berth. 
heaven, hev'n, not hev'uii. 
height, hit, not huh. 
heinous, ha'nus, not han'yuH, 

nor he' 11 us. 
heroine, hdr'o-In, not h^r'o-tn, 

nor he'ro-in. 
hideous, hid'e-us, not he'jus, nor 

hij'ua. 
horizon, ho-ri'zun, not hor'I-zii. 
hospital, hos'pl-tal, not os'pl-tul 
hostile, hos'tU, not hob-tll, nor 

haws'tll. 
hover, huv'er, not. h6v'er. 
hundred, hun'dred, not huu'- 

durd. 

idea, i-de'a, not i-de', nor i-de'-ar. 

idol, i'dol, not i'dl. 

Impiously, im'pl-us-ll, not im- 

pi'u8-ll. 
individual, in-dl-vid'a-al, not 

indl-vid'oo-al. 
industry, in'dus-trl, not in- 

dus'trl. 

inexplicahle, in-eks'piikubi, 

not iD-eks-plik'a-bl. 



inquiry, in kwi'rl, not in'kwi-rl. 
insects, in'8ekt<t, not in'seks. 
instead, in-sted', not in-8tid'. 
institute, iu'sti tat, not in'stl- 

toot. So in-sti-tu-tlon. 
interesting, in'ter-eBt-ing, not 

in-tere»t'ing. 
iron, i'uin, not i'run. 
isosceles, I-soa'Helez, not i-sos'- 

\ez. 

Jaunt, jant, not jawnt. 
jocund, jok'und, n^ji jo'kund. 
Jowl, jol, »»o' jowl. 

kept, kept, not kep. 
kettle, ket'tle, not kit'tl. 
kindness, kind'neA, not kin'nos. 

label, la'bel, not la'hl. 
lamentable, lam'enta-bl, not 

lainent'a-bl. 
launch, Iftnch, not l&nch, nor 

lawnch. 
legate, leg'at, not le'g&t. 
leper, lep'er, not le'per. 
lettuce, let'tis, not let'tus. 
library, li'bra-rl, not li'brL 
lord, lord, not lawurd. 
lucid, lu'sid, not loo'aid. 
lurid, lu'rid, not loo'rid. 
luxury, lukft'u-r!, not lugz'url 

matin, mat'in, not ma'tin. 
matron, ma'tron, not inat'ron. 
mechanist, mek'an-ist, not me- 

kan'ist. 
medium, me'dl um, not me'jum. 
miracle, mlr'a-kl, not mer'a-kl. 
mischievous, mis'cMv-uH, not 

mis-chev'i-us. 



PABT XI 



197 



monffrelf mungVre'< ^^ mon'- 
jfrel 

mountainous, mown'tin-UA, not 
mown-taiii'i-u». 

natUPe, nat'yur, not na'tur. 
nausea, naw'nhea, Jiot naw'se-a. 

So nau'se-ate. 

neuter, nutm-, not nM't«r. 
new, nH, not iiM. 
nominative, noml-na-ttv, not 
noin'na-tlv. 

none, nun, yiot nOn, 

nothingr* nuth'ing, no^ ndth'ing. 

oceanic, o-she-an'ik, ttot o shan'- 

ik, itor o-se an'ik. 
odious, o'dlus, vot n'jufl. 
ominous, om'in-us, not o'min-us. 
once, wuiiH, Jiot wunst. 
onyx, O'niks, not dn'iks. 
opinion, o-pin'yui), not Q-pin'- 

yun. 
opponent, op-po'nent, not op'[»o- 

nent. 
orange, or'enj, not ornj. 
Orion, o-ri'un, not o'ri-un. 
oxide, Dk»'I(l, Twt oks'id. 

patron, pa'tron, not yAt'TOn, 

pedal {adj. ), pe'dal, not pe<l'a1. 

pedal {noun), [jed'al, not {fe'ilul. 

Persian, per'shan, not per'zhan. 

I>etrel, i>et'rel, not jie'trel. 

piano-forte, pi-a'nofOr'te. The 
pronunciation p1-ai)'o-fOrt, so 
often heard, is not sanctioned. 

pigeon, pij'un, not pij'in. 

pinchers, pin'serz, not pin'cherz. 

pith, pith, not peth. 

plait, plat, not pl€t. 

plateau, pta to', not put'o. 

poison, poi'zn, not pi'zn. 



police, po-168', not pies. 
poniard, pon'yard, not poin'* 

yard. 
potato, pA-ta'to, not pO-ta'to. 
prairie, pra'rl, not per-a'ri. 
preface {"0«k«»k/ i^rfe), preface. 

not pre'face. 
pretty, prit'I, not. pret'i. So 

pret'tl-ly. 

produce {noun), prod'Qoe, not 
pro'dQce. 

quote, kwote, not kOte. 
Quorum, kwrt'ium, not ko'rum. 
quotient, kwo'-shent, not ko'- 
shent. 

ration, ra'^hun, not ra.«h'un. 
recess, re-wes', not re'ses. 
regicide, rej'I-sid, not re'ji-sid. 
reptile, rep'tU, not rep'til. 
rhubarb, rOO'barb, not rOC'bub. 
rid, rid, not red. 
rind, rind, not rin, nor rind. 
rOUtflt, root, not rout. 
rulllan, rufyan or ruf'I an, not 
ruf'in. 



sacrifice ("OTdf), sakrf-fiz or sak'- 

rl-fis, not sa'kri-fiz. 
saline, sn Itn'or sa'lin, nof sa'ldn. 
saliva, sa-li'va, not ftal'i ^ ii. 
salver ('» pfate), sfil'ver, not 

sii'ver. 
sat, sat, not Hot. 

saucy, KiU'sI, not s&a'T, nor Sd'sl. 
sausage, saw'sej, not 8&s'ej. 
scalene, Rkal^n'. not ffka'len. 
sceptic, skep'tik, not sep'tilc 
screw, skrOO, not skru. 
senile, ee'nil, not se'nIL 



198 



THE UNIVEKftAL SPELLING BOOK 



1 '■■ ''S 



86nna, sen'na, not nfl'na, nor 

sft'ni. 
shut, atiut, not .ohet. 
SinCO* Bince, not sence. 

sinew* fiiii'a, Tiot uin'od. 
sit* sit, not set. 
slept, Mept, not slep. 
snout, snowt, not fttiMt. 
SOf&, so'fa, iro/ Hn'fl. 
SOPPy, s6r'ri, not suw'ri. 
spaniel, span'yel, not ^pan'el. 
Spirit, Rplr'it, not 8|>^r'it. 
Steward, sta'ard, not HtM'ard. 
strength, strength, not strenth. 
Stupid, fita pid, not stM'pid. 
subtle (/^y), sut'l, not sub'll. 
such, Huch, not sech, Tmr Nich. 
suite, Hwet, no^ sQt, nor sOdi. 
supple, sup'l, no; fiM'))!. 
suppose, Nup-{)dz, no; spOz. 
swept, swept, not swep. 
syrup, Rlr'up, not sur-up. 

tenet, ten'et, not te'net. 
tepid, tep'id, not te'pid. 
thousand, thow'zand, not thow'- 

zan. 
tortoise, toi'tiz or tor'tis, »ot 

tor tois. 
tour, tOOr, not towr. So tour'lst. 
toward, tO'urd, not to-wawrd'. 
tranquil, trang'kwil, not tran'- 

kwil. 

troche, tro'ke, 

tro'chg. 



not trOc, 



tube, tabe, not tOflb. 
Tuesday, tuz'di, not tooz'di 
tune, tan, not UMn. 
twelfth, twelfth, not twfilf. 
tyrannic, ti-ran'uic, not tl-ran'- 
nic. 

umbrella, um-brel'la, not ;im- 
briria, nor um-hcC'eVa, nor 
um-ber-el'. 

velvet, vel'vet, not vei'vit. 
vicar, vic'ar, no( vi'car. 
ViCtOI^, vic'toif, not vic'trl. 
villain, viliin, not vil'un. 
vineyard, vin'yard, not vin'yard. 
violet, vi'o-let, no; voi'let. 
volume, vol'yuin, jwt vol'iim. 

was, wOz, not wuz. 
well, wel, not wal. 
were, wer, not wftur. 
windward, wlnd'ward, not wind'- 

tird. 
wrestle, res'l, not res'tl, nor ras'l. 
wrong, rong, not. rawng. 

yacht, yot, not yat. 
yes, yfiH, not yls, nor yAAs, nor y6. 
yet, yet, not yit. 
yonder, yon'der, not yeu'der, 
nor yun'der. 

zealot, z^l'ut, no; zel'ut. 
zenith, ze'nith, not zen'ith. 



PART XII 



A. ABBREVIATIONS 



An ab))reviatiou is usuallj' formed by taking the first 
letter, the first and hist letters, or tlie first syllable of a 
word, followed l)y a period. 



A. or {(I'. At. 

Abp. Archhishop. 

AcCt. or %. Account. 

A. D. (Anno Domini). In the 

year of our Lord. 
A. D. C Ai((e-do-cump. 
A<y. Afljective. 
Adv. Adverb. 
Aet. Aged. 
Agf. Silver. 
Al. Aluminium. 
Alta. Albertii, 
A. M. In the forenoon. 
Amt. Amount. 
Anon. Anonymous. 
AnS. Answer. 
Apr. April. 
Arlth. Aritlimetio. 
AsSt. A^sisUuit. 
Atty. Gen. Attorne\ iierieral. 
Aug. August 
Ave. Avenue. 



B. A. Bachelor of Arts. 
Bart. Biirouet. 



Bbl. or bbl. Barrel. 

B. C. British Columbia. Before 

Christ. 
B. C. L. Bachelor of Civil Law. 
B. D. Biichelor of Divinity. 
Bk. B.iiik. 
BrO. Brother. 

B. Sc. Bachelor of Science. 
Bu. or bu. BuHhel. 

Capt. Captain. 

C. B. Ca(>6 Breton. Commander 
of the Bath. 

C. E. Civil Engineer. 
Cent. Hundred. 
Chap. Chapter. 
C H. 0. Com[H<nion of the Order 
of St. Micliael and St. («eorge. 
Co. ConnKiny. 
%. In care of. 

C. 0. D. or C. O. d. Collect (or 

cash) on delivery. 
Col. Colonel. 
Corpl. Corporal. 
Cr. Credit, Creditor. 



199 



200 



THE UXIVE118AL SPELLING BOOK 



CtS. Centfl. 

Cwt. Hundredweight. 

D. C. L. Doctor of Civil Law. 
D. D. Doctor of Divinity. 
Dec. Decenilfcr. 
Dopt. Department. 
DlS. or DiSOt. Discount. 
Do. or do. Ditto, ttie Hnme. 
Dp, Debit, Dehtor. 
D. V, God willing. 

D. V. S. Doctor of Vetei : .uy 
Science. 

Ed. E^litor. Edition. 

E. G. or e. g. For exampld. 
Eng. England. i 
E. R. King Edward. 

Esq. Esquire. 

et al. And others. 

etc. And so forth. 

et Seq. And those following, 

E. & 0. E. Errors an<l oiniitsioiis 
excepted. 

Fah. Fahrenheit. 
Feb. February. 

F. 0. B. or f. O. b. Free on 
board. 

F. v. S. Fellow of the Royal 

Society. 
F. R. S. C. Fellow of the Royal 

Society of Canada. 
Frl. Friday. 
FUP. or fur. Furlong. 

Gal. Oallon. 
Gen. General. 
Gov. Governor. 



Hhd. or hhd. Hogshead. 

Hon. Honorable. 

H. R. H. His (Her) Royal High- 



Id. The same. 

I. e. or i. e. (id Mt.) That is. 

1. H. S, Jesus the Saviour of men. 

Incog, Unknown. 

Inst. The present month. 

Int. Interest. 

Jan. January. 

Jr. Junior. 

J. P. Justice of the Pea«). 



K. C King's Counsel. 

K. C. B. Knight Commander of 

the Buth. 
K, G. H. G. Knight Commander 

of St. Michael and St. 4;eorge. 
K. G. Knight of the Garter. 
Kt. Knight 



L.| I., or £. Pound sterling. 

Lat. Liititude. 

Lb. or lb. Pound weight. 

Lieut. Lieutenant. 

LL.D. Doctor of Laws. 

Longf. Longitude. 

L. S. Place of the Seal. 

Ltd. Limiteil. 

M. Noon. A thousand. 

H. A. Master of Arts. 

Haj. Major. 

Han. itlanitoba. 

H. D. Doctor of Medicine. 

Hdse. Merchandise. 



PABT xn 



201 



ll6ino* Memorandum. 

Messrs. Gentlemen. 

Mile. MademoiwUe. 

Mme. Madame. 

Mon. Monday. 

M. P. Member of Parliament. 

M. P. P. Member of Provincial 

Parliament. 
Mr. Mister. 
Mrs. Mistress. 
MSS. Manuscripts. 

N. B. New Brunswick. 
Nein.00n. No one contradicting. 
N. F. Newfoundland. 
No. or #. Number. 
Nov. November. 
N. P. Notary Public. 
N. S. Nova Scotia. 
N. T New Testament 

Oct Oetolier. 

0. H. M. S. On His Majesty'fl 

Service. 
0. K. All correct. 
Ont. Ontario. 
0, T. Old Testament, 
OZ. or OZ. Ounce. 

Pay't. Payment. 

P. E. I. Prince Edward Inland. 

Per an. By the year. 

Per et. or %. Per centum, by 

the hundred. 
Ph.D. Doctor of Philosophy. 
Pkff. ot pkfiT. Package. 
P. M. Postmaster. Afternoon. 
P. 0. Post Office. 
P. 0. 0. Post Office Order. 
pp. Pages. 



Pres. President 

Prln. Principal. 

Prof. Professor. 

Pro tem. For the time being. 

Prox. Next month. 

P. S* Postscript. 

Pub. Publisher, public, pub* 
lished. 

Pub. dOG. Public Document 

Pwt or dwt Pennyweight 

Q. Question. Query. 

Q. E. D. Which was to be 

proved. 
Q. M. Quartermaster. 
Qr. or qr. Quire. 
Qt or qt Quart 
Que. Quebec. 



^ Recipe. 

R. A. Royal Artillery. 

Reo'd. Received. 

Rev. Reverend. 

R. N. Royal Navy. 

R. R. Railroad. 

Rt Hon. Right Honorable. 

Rt Rev. Right Reverend. 

Sask. Saskatchewan. 
Sat. Saturday. 
Sc. To wit, namely, viz. 
Sec. Secretary, 
I Sept. September. 
Sergt. Sergeant 
Sq. Square. 
S. S. Steamship. 
Sr. Senior. 
Sir. Steamer. 
Sun. Sunday. 



202 



THK UNIVEB8AL SPELLING BOOK 



Snpt> Bu[»drintendent. 
Th. Thursday. 
Treas. Treasurer. 
Tues. Tuesday. 

mt. lAiit month. 
U. S. United States. 

Vide. See. 
Viz. Namely. 



Vol. Volume. 

TS. Agaiiirit. in opposition to. 

Wed. Wednesday. 
W. I. West Indies. 

Xmas. Christmas. 

Yd. Yard. 
YP. Year. 



B. FRENCH WORDS AND PHRASES 



A la node, in the fashion. 

Amour propre. V^anitj-. 
A propos. To the point. 
Aufait. Skilful; expert 
AU revolr. Farewell till wo 
meet again. 

Beau monde. The fashienahle 

world. 
B4te nolr. A bugbear. 
Billet doux. A love letter. 
Bizarre. Odd ; fantastic. 
Blas^. Surfeited. 
Bon Jour. Good-day. 
Bon mot. A witticism. 

Cafd. A coffee house. 

Carte blanche. Full power. 

Chef d*(BUVre. A master-piece. 

Comme 11 faut. As it should 

be. 
Coup d'etat. A stroke of policy. 
Cuisine. A kitchen ; rotikcry. 



Mbut. First appearance. 
Douceur. A briba 

Eau de ColOgrne. Cologne water. 
£clat. Splendf'i- ; brilllHnf-v-. 
£lite. A select body of p<- -ons. 
Encore. Again. 
En masse. In a body. 
Ennui. Weariness. 
En route. On the way. 
Entree. Entry ; a side dish. 
Entre nous. Between ourselves. 
Esprit de corps. The animat- 
ing spirit of ft collective body. 
Expose. An exposure. 

Fa9ade. A f-^nt view. 

Fait accompli. A thing already 
done.. 

Faux pas. A tal.^ step. 

Femme sole, a womon un- 
married. 

F6te. A holiday- 



Oarfon. A boy. 

Oens d'armes. Armed polire 



PAKT XII 203 

troUgi. Oi:« (irotected by 
another. 



Haul ton. Highent fiuhion. 
Hon de oombaL Not in a 

condition to fight 

Jeu d'esprit. A witticism. 

LalUez falre. Let alone. 
Menu. .A hill of fare. 

NaYV6t^. Native Nimplicity. 
Hie. Born. 
HigUgi. Undreaa. 

Noblesse oblige. Rank im 

poses obligation. 

Horn de (ruerre. A pseudonym. 

On dit. They say. 

Parexeellenee. Pre-eminently. 
Parvenu. An upstart. 
Pot-pourri. A medley. 



another. 

Qui Vive. Who goes there? On 
the alert. 

Raison d'ttre. Rewwn for 

being, 
R^um4. A summing up. 

Robe de ehambre. a dressing 

gown. 

SansSOUd. Without care. 
Savant. A man of science. 

Savolr falre. Tact ; skill. 

Stence. A sitting. 

Tdte-&-ttte. Face to face i in 
close conversation. 

Tout ensemble. The whole 

taken together. 
Trousseau, a wedding outfit. 

Valet de ohambre. An at- 

tendant. 

Vis k Vis. Facing. 

Vive le rol. Long live the king. 



PART XIII 



PDPIIS' MISTAKES 

Tna moat impo/iant list of words for each pupil to 
■tudy is a list of his own mistakes in spelling. In this 
list he should write once all the words he spells incor- 
rectly, not only in the spelling lessons but in composition. 



e04 



206 THE UNIVEB8AL 8PELLIKO BOOK 



PAKT XIII 



207 



208 



THE UNIVEBSAL SPELLING BOOK